Archibald Douglas, 6th Earl of Angus (1490 – January, 1557) was a Scottish nobleman active during the reigns of James V and Mary, Queen of Scots. He was the son of George, Master of Angus, who was killed at the Battle of Flodden, and succeeded as Earl of Angus on the death of his grandfather, Archibald.
Archibald Douglas, 8th Earl of Angus and 5th Earl of Morton (1555-1588), was the son of David, 7th earl. He succeeded to the title and estates in 1558, being brought up by his uncle, James Douglas, 4th Earl of Morton, a Presbyterian. In 1573 he was made a Privy Councillor and Sheriff of Berwickshire; in 1574 Lieutenant-General in Scotland; in 1577 Warden of the West Marches and Steward of Fife; and in 1578 Lieutenant-General of the realm.
William Douglas, 10th Earl of Angus (1552 – 3 March 1611), was the son of William, the 9th Earl (1533-1591). He was a direct descendant of King James I through his paternal grandmother, Lady Agnes Keith, a daughter of William Keith, 3rd Earl Marischal. He studied at St. Andrews University and joined the household of the Earl of Morton. Subsequently, while visiting the French court, he became a Roman Catholic, and was in consequence, upon his return, disinherited and placed under restraint.
Robert Arbuthnot, 1st Viscount of Arbuthnott PC (before 1625 – October 10, 1655), was a Scottish Peer and Scottish Privy Counsellor (1649). He was son of Sir Robert Arbuthnott, 17th laird of Arbuthnott (normally referred to as Arbuthnott, of that Ilk) by Sir Robert's second wife, Margaret daughter of Simon Fraser, 6th Lord Lovat. He married, firstly, Marjory Carnegie, sometime before 1639, and had two children: Hon.
William Douglas, 1st Duke of Queensberry PC (1637–1695) also 3rd Earl of Queensberry and 1st Marquess of Queensberry was a Scottish politician. He was the son of James Douglas, 2nd Earl of Queensberry and his second wife Margaret Stewart, daughter of John Stewart, 1st Earl of Traquair. He was appointed a Scottish Privy Councillor in 1667, Lord Justice General from 1680 to 1682, Lord High Treasurer of Scotland from 1682 to 1686.
The Lord Chancellor of Scotland was a Great Officer of State in pre-Union Scotland. Holders of the office are known from 1123 onwards, but its duties were occasionally performed by an official of lower status with the title of Keeper of the Great Seal. From the 15th century, the Chancellor was normally a Bishop or an Earl.
The Treasurer was a senior post in the pre-Union government of Scotland, the Privy Council of Scotland. The full title of the post was Lord High Treasurer, Comptroller, Collector-General and Treasurer of the New Augmentation, formed as it was from the amalgamation of four earlier offices. Of these, the Treasurer and Comptroller had originated in 1425 when the Chamberlain's financial functions were transferred to them.
William Keith, 7th Earl Marischal (1610 - 1670 or 1671) was a Scottish nobleman and Covenanter. He was the eldest son of William Keith, 6th Earl Marischal. He joined Montrose and twice seized Aberdeen in 1639, including a march with Montrose and 9000 men along the Causey Mounth past Muchalls Castle and through the Portlethen Moss to attack via the Bridge of Dee.
William Cunningham (1610–1664), 9th Earl of Glencairn, was a Scottish nobleman, Lord Chancellor of Scotland, and a cavalier. He was also the chief of Clan Cunningham. The eldest son of William Cunningham, 8th Earl of Glencairn, on 21 July 1637 this William obtained a ratification from King Charles 1st, under the Royal Sign Manual, of the original Glencairn Letters Patent of 1488. He was sworn a member of the Privy Council of Scotland and in 1641 was appointed a Commissioner of the Treasury.
Sir Archibald Primrose, 1st Baronet, Lord Carrington (May 16, 1616 – November 27, 1679) was a notable Scottish lawyer, judge, and Cavalier. The son of James Primrose (d. 1641) by Catherine, daughter of Richard Lawson of Boghall, he succeeded his father, who had held the office for upwards of forty years, as Clerk to the Privy Council on September 2, 1641.
George Gordon, 1st Duke of Gordon KT, PC (1649 – 7 December 1716), known as The Marquess of Huntly from 1661 to 1684, was a Scottish peer. George Gordon, 4th Marquess of Huntly was born in 1649, the son of Lewis Gordon, 3rd Marquess of Huntly and Mary Grant. He was originally styled the Earl of Enzie until his succession as Marquess in December 1653, when he was around four years old.
George Home, 1st Earl of Dunbar, KG, PC (c. 1556 – 20 January 1611) was, in the last decade of his life, the most prominent and most influential Scotsman in England. His work lay in the King's Household and in the control of the State Affairs of Scotland and he was the King's chief Scottish advisor. With the full backing and trust of King James he made an impressive — yet brief — career, veering from London to Edinburgh via Berwick-upon-Tweed with astonishing regularity.
George Kinnaird, 1st Lord Kinnaird (c. 1622–29 December 1689) was a 17th century Scottish aristocrat. A Royalist, in 1661 after the Restoration, he was made a member of the Privy Council of Scotland. He sat in Parliament from 1661 to 1663 for Perthshire. In 1678 he passed his lands and baronies of Inchmichael and Inchture to his son Patrick. Charles II knighted him December 28, 1682 and he became Lord Kinnaird of Inchture (Peerage of Scotland).
George Seton, 4th Earl of Winton (c. 1641 – 6 March 1704) was a Scottish Royalist, Privy Councillor, and Sheriff of Haddingtonshire. He was in Europe for his studies, a boy of under ten years of age, when he succeeded his grandfather in the family estates in 1650. Notwithstanding his youth, a heavy fine of £2000 was imposed on him by Cromwell's Act Of Grace and Pardon in 1654.
Peter Rollock of Pilton (1558 – 1632) was a Scottish lawyer. He was the sixth youngest son of Andrew Rollock, laird of Duncrub, Perthshire, and became a student of St Mary's College, St Andrews from 1572 until 1575, graduating Master of Arts. He renewed his studies in 1581, probably studying Law in Continental Europe in order to become an Advocate.
George Gordon, 2nd Earl of Huntly (before 1455 – 8 June 1501) was Chancellor of Scotland from 1498–1501. He married Elizabeth Dunbar, the widow of the Count of Moray, on 20 May 1455. There were no children from the marriage; the two were married for only a short time before he obtained a divorce in order to marry Annabella of Scotland, daughter of James I of Scotland. The couple had at least one daughter, though some sources list them as having as many as six children.
Sir Walter de Haliburton, 1st Lord Haliburton of Dirleton was Lord High Treasurer of Scotland. The eldest son of Sir John Haliburton of Dirleton, East Lothian (d. 1392), by his spouse Margaret, daughter of Sir John Cameron, Sir Walter was one of the hostages for King James I on March 28, 1424 and was exchanged and permitted to return to Scotland on July 16, 1425.
John Maitland, 1st Earl of Lauderdale, Viscount of Lauderdale, Viscount Maitland, and Lord Thirlestane and Boltoun, (died January 1645) was President of the Scottish Parliament as well as the Privy Council, a lawyer and a judge, who sided with the Parliamentarian cause during the Civil War.