Italo Calvino (15 October 1923 – 19 September 1985) was an Italian journalist and writer of short stories and novels. His best known works include the Our Ancestors trilogy (1952-1959), the Cosmicomics collection of short stories (1965), and the novels Invisible Cities (1972) and If on a winter's night a traveler (1979). Lionised in Britain and America, he was the most-translated contemporary Italian writer at the time of his death, and a noted contender for the Nobel Prize for Literature.
Mario Berlinguer (1891-1969) was an Italian lawyer and politician. He descended from a noble Sardinian family. Born in Sassari, in his youth he was a follower of the Meridionalist activist Gaetano Salvemini. After his graduation in law he collaborated with the newspaper La Nuova Sardegna and other Italian newspapers. In 1921 he abandoned the Italian Socialist Party (PSI) and adhered to the Italian Communist Party (PCI), with which he was elected in the Italian Chamber of Deputies in 1924.
Antonio Gramsci (January 22, 1891 – April 27, 1937) was an Italian philosopher, writer, politician and political theorist. A founding member and onetime leader of the Communist Party of Italy, he was imprisoned by Benito Mussolini's Fascist regime. His writings are heavily concerned with the analysis of culture and political leadership and he is notable as a highly original thinker within the Marxist tradition.
Amadeo Bordiga (also misspelt "Amedeo", 13 June 1889 – 23 July 1970) was an Italian Marxist, a contributor to Communist theory, the founder of the Communist Party of Italy, a leader of the Communist International and, after World War II, leading figure of the International Communist Party.
Giulio Carlo Argan (May 17, 1909 – November 12, 1992) was an Italian art historian and politician. Argan was born in Turin. He was the first Communist mayor of Rome, between 1976 and 1979. He died in Rome.
Giovanni Berlinguer, Cavaliere di Gran Croce OMRI (born 9 July 1924), is an Italian politician and Professor of Social Medicine. He was born in Sassari, Sardinia, the son of Mario Berlinguer. Like his brother Enrico, Giovanni Berlinguer was a major figure in the Italian Communist Party (PCI) and was elected to the Chamber of Deputies in 1972, 1976 and 1979 and to the Senate in 1983 and 1987.
Curzio Malaparte (June 9, 1898 - July 19, 1957), born Kurt Erich Suckert, was an Italian journalist, dramatist, short-story writer, novelist and diplomat. His chosen surname, which he used since 1925, means "he of the bad place" and is a pun on the word "Bonaparte".
Leonardo Domenici (born July 12, 1955) is an Italian politician. He was the Mayor of Florence from June 13, 1999 until June 2009 Domenici was born in Florence, from where he graduated in moral philosophy. He began his political career in 1976 in the PCI (Italian Communist Party), later becoming the Secretary of the Florentine branch of the Federation of the Democratic Party of the Left.
Alberto Moravia, born Alberto Pincherle, (November 28, 1907 – September 26, 1990) was one of the leading Italian novelists of the 20th century. His novels explored matters of modern sexuality, social alienation, and existentialism. He is best known for his debut novel Gli indifferenti, and for the anti-fascist novel Il Conformista, the basis for the film The Conformist (1970) by Bernardo Bertolucci.
Cesare Pavese (September 9, 1908 – August 27, 1950) was an Italian poet, novelist, literary critic and translator; he is widely considered among the major authors of the 20th century in his home country.
Walter Veltroni (born 3 July 1955) is an Italian writer, journalist and politician, who served as the first leader of the Democratic Party within the centre-left opposition, until his resignation on 17 February 2009. He also served as Mayor of Rome from 2001 to 2008.
Fausto Bertinotti (born on 22 March 1940) is an Italian politician and former leader of the Partito della Rifondazione Comunista. On April 29, 2006, after the center-left coalition's victory in the Italian general election, he was chosen by the new parliament as President of the Chamber of Deputies (the Italian Parliament Lower House).
Pasqualina Napoletano (born on 28 September 1949) is an Italian politician and Member of the European Parliament for the Central region with the Democratici di Sinistra, a Vice-Chairwoman of the Socialist Group, and sits on the European Parliament's Committee on International Trade. She is a substitute for the Committee on Foreign Affairs.
Marco Rizzo (born on 12 October 1959 in Turin) is an Italian politician and Member of the European Parliament for the North-West with the Party of Italian Communists, Member of the Bureau of the European United Left - Nordic Green Left and is vice-chair of the European Parliament's Committee on the Internal Market and Consumer Protection. He is a substitute for the Committee on Foreign Affairs and a vice-chair of the Delegation for relations with the countries of Central America.
Mercedes Bresso is an Italian politician and President of the Piedmont Region. She is a member of the Democratic Party. After her election as governor of Piedmont, she resigned from the office as Member of European Parliament. She is a Grand Officer of the Italian Republic. She is the first woman to serve as President of Piedmont. In February 2010, she was elected President of the EU Committee of the Regions.
Roberto Musacchio (born on 3 September 1956 in Miami, United States) is an Italian politician and Member of the European Parliament for the North-East with the Partito della Rifondazione Comunista (PRC), Member of the Bureau of the European United Left - Nordic Green Left, and sits on the European Parliament's Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety.
Marta Vincenzi (born 27 May 1947) is an Italian politician. She was a Member of the European Parliament for the North-West of Italy with the Democrats of the Left (DS), part of the Socialist Group from 2004 until she resigned on 29 June 2007. Vincenzi was born in Genoa. She sat on the European Parliament's Committee on Transport and Tourism, and was a substitute for the Committee on Regional Development and the Committee on Women's Rights and Gender Equality.
Mauro Zani (born on November 22, 1949) is an Italian politician and Member of the European Parliament for the North-East with the Democrats of the Left (DS), part of the Socialist Group, and sits on the European Parliament's Committee on Development. Mauro Zani was born in Sala Bolognese.