Hermes Rodrigues da Fonseca (May 12, 1855 - September 9, 1923) was a Brazilian soldier and politician. The nephew of Deodoro da Fonseca, the first Brazilian President, he was War Minister in 1906. In 1910, he was elected as the 8th president of Brazil, serving until 1914. He was on an official visit to Portugal when the revolution that overthrew the Portuguese monarchy and replaced it with a new republican regime took place.
Air Marshal Eduardo Gomes (20 September 1896 – 13 June 1981) was a Brazilian politician and military figure. He was born in Petrópolis, Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil. Gomes joined the army when he started his course at the Realengo Military School. He finished this course in 1918 and, in December of the same year, he was transferred to Curitiba. In 1921 he started his course at the Military Aviation School in Rio de Janeiro.
Waldemar Levy Cardoso (December 4, 1900 – May 13, 2009) was the last living Field Marshal of the Brazilian Army. He was of Jewish Algerian-Moroccan descent and was born on Rua Evaristo da Veiga in Rio de Janeiro. Cardoso graduated from military college at the top of his class in late 1918, making him a World War I-era veteran although he never saw combat action.
Artur da Costa e Silva (October 3, 1899 – December 17, 1969) was a Brazilian Army General, the second President of Brazil during the military regime set up by the 1964 coup d'état. He was married to Iolanda Barbosa Costa e Silva, the daughter of a soldier. Born in the interior of Rio Grande do Sul, he reached the rank of Marshal of the Brazilian Army, and held the post of Minister of War in the government of the previous president, Marshal Castelo Branco.
Field Marshal Humberto de Alencar Castelo Branco (September 20, 1897 - July 18, 1967) was a Brazilian military leader and politician. Castelo Branco was descended from a wealthy Northeastern family of overwhelming Portuguese ancestry (he can trace his ancestry back to the first King of Portugal Afonso Henriques) . His physical appearance, according to Fabio Koifman, would also have indicated Native American ancestry.
Luís Alves de Lima e Silva, Duke of Caxias (August 25, 1803 – May 7, 1880) was a Brazilian military leader and statesman. In more than one occasion, he served as Prime Minister of the Brazilian Empire. Considered one of the most important heroes in Brazilian military history, Caxias fought in the Argentina-Brazil War, the War of Tatters, Platine War, and, most notably, in the War of Triple Alliance.
Marshal is the highest rank in the Brazilian Army and the Brazilian Air Force, where the latter is titled Marechal-do-Ar. These ranks are equivalent to that of Admiral in the Navy. A marshal is distinguished by using five stars, which for a marshal of the air are in the approximate position of Southern Cross and for a marshal in the army, in the form of "X". The five stars of Admiral are in the shape of a pentagon.