Northumbria or Northhumbria was a medieval kingdom of the Angles, in what is now North East England and Southern Scotland, becoming subsequently an earldom in a united Anglo-Saxon kingdom of England. The name reflects the approximate southern limit to the kingdom's territory: the Humber Estuary. Northumbria was formed in central Great Britain in Anglo-Saxon times. At the beginning of the 7th century the two kingdoms of Bernicia and Deira were unified.
The Gododdin were a Brittonic people of north-eastern Britain in the sub-Roman period, the area known as the Hen Ogledd or Old North. They are best known as the subject of the 6th-century Welsh poem Y Gododdin, which memorializes the Battle of Catraeth and is attributed to Aneirin. The name Gododdin is the Modern Welsh form; it is derived, via Old Welsh Guotodin from the Brythonic language word Votadini, attested in Latin texts.
Lothian forms a traditional region of Scotland, lying between the southern shore of the Firth of Forth and the Lammermuir Hills. In Lothian there is Edinburgh City, West Lothian, Mid Lothian and East Lothian. The principal settlement in Lothian is the Scottish capital Edinburgh. Towns include Livingston, Linlithgow, Bathgate and Dunbar. Historically, the term Lothian is used for a province encompassing the present area plus the Scottish Borders region.
The Water of Leith is the main river flowing through Edinburgh, Scotland, to the port of Leith where it flows into the sea via the Firth of Forth. It is 35 km (24 miles) long and rises in the Colzium Springs at Millstone Rig of the Pentland Hills.
The Lothians is one of the eight electoral regions of the Scottish Parliament which were created in 1999. Nine of the parliament's 73 first past the post constituencies are sub-divisions of the region and it elects seven of the 56 additional-member Members of the Scottish Parliament (MSPs). Thus it elects a total of 16 MSPs.
Lot or Loth is the eponymous king of Lothian in the Arthurian legend. He is best known as the father of Sir Gawain. The first references to such a ruler appear in the early hagiographical material concerning Saint Kentigern (also known as Saint Mungo), which mention a Leudonus, king of Leudonia, a Latin name for Lothian. Later, Geoffrey of Monmouth included a Lot, king of Lothian in his influential chronicle Historia Regum Britanniae, portraying him as King Arthur's brother-in-law and ally.
The River Esk is a river which flows through Midlothian and East Lothian, Scotland. It initially runs as two separate rivers, the North Esk and the South Esk. The North Esk rises in the North Esk Reservoir in the Pentland Hills, in Midlothian, a mile (1½ km) north of the village of Carlops. It flows north-east past Penicuik, Auchendinny, through Roslin Glen, past Hawthornden Castle, Polton, Lasswade and Melville Castle.
Lothian and Borders Police is the territorial police force for the Scottish council areas of the City of Edinburgh, East Lothian, Midlothian, Scottish Borders and West Lothian. The force's headquarters are in Fettes Avenue, Edinburgh. Lothian and Borders Police was formed on May 16 1975 by an amalgamation of Berwick, Roxburgh and Selkirk Constabulary, Edinburgh City Police and The Lothians and Peebles Constabulary. The force has 2,905 officers and 1,384 support staff as of March 2008.
Lothian and Borders is an area in south-east Scotland consisting of the East Lothian, City of Edinburgh, Midlothian, West Lothian areas (collectively known as Lothian) along with the Scottish Borders. The area constitutes a sheriffdom, and is also served by the single Lothian and Borders Police and the Lothian and Borders Fire and Rescue Service.
The Archdeacon of Lothian was the head of the Archdeaconry of Lothian, a sub-division of the Diocese of St Andrews. The position was one of the most important positions within the medieval Scottish church; because of his area's large population and high number of parish churches, the Archdeacon of Lothian may have exercised more power than many Scottish bishops before the decline in archdiaconal powers after the 13th century.
Error creating thumbnail: Invalid Parameter - white This article needs additional citations for verification. The Archdeaconry of Lothian, located in modern-day Scotland, was a sub-division of the diocese of St Andrews, one of two archdeaconries within the diocese. The Lothian archdeaconry was headed by the Archdeacon of Lothian, a subordinate of the Bishop of St Andrews. In the medieval period, the Archdeaconry of Lothian contained three deaneries with a total of 111 parish churches.
The Islands of the Firth of Forth are a minor island group in east Scotland. The Firth of Forth lies between Fife and the Lothians,. There are few islands off eastern Scotland, and most are in this group.