Robert Walpole, 1st Earl of Orford KG KB PC (26 August 1676 – 18 March 1745), known before 1742 as Sir Robert Walpole, was a British statesman who is generally regarded as having been the first Prime Minister of Great Britain. Although the position of "Prime Minister" had no recognition in law or official use at the time, Walpole is nevertheless acknowledged as having held the office de facto because of his influence within the Cabinet.
Major-General Sir Isaac Brock KB (6 October 1769 – 13 October 1812) was a British Army officer and administrator. Brock was assigned to Canada in 1802. Despite facing desertions and near-mutinies, he commanded his regiment in Upper Canada successfully for many years. He was promoted to major general, and became responsible for defending Upper Canada against the United States.
The Prince William, Duke of Cumberland (William Augustus; 26 April 1721 – 31 October 1765) was a younger son of George II of Great Britain and Caroline of Ansbach. He is generally best remembered for his role in putting down the Jacobite Rising at the Battle of Culloden in 1746, though he went on to enjoy a successful military career. Following the Convention of Klosterzeven in 1757 he never held active military command, and switched his attentions to politics.
Major-General Robert Clive, 1st Baron Clive, KB (29 September 1725 – 22 November 1774), also known as Clive of India, was a British soldier who established the military and political supremacy of the East India Company in Southern India and Bengal. He is credited with securing India, and the wealth that followed, for the British crown. Together with Warren Hastings he was one of the key figures in the creation of British India. He also razed and rebuilt a Surrey mansion called Claremont.
Lieutenant-General Sir John Moore, KB (13 November 1761 – 16 January 1809) was a British soldier and General. He is best known for his military training reforms and for his death at the Battle of Corunna, in which he defeated a French army under Marshal Soult during the Peninsular War.
William Howe, 5th Viscount Howe, KB, PC (August 10, 1729 – July 12, 1814) was a British army officer who rose to become Commander-in-Chief of British forces during the American War of Independence. Howe was one of three brothers who enjoyed distinguished military careers. Having joined the army in 1746 Howe saw extensive service in the War of the Austrian Succession and Seven Years' War.
Admiral of the Fleet Edward Hawke, 1st Baron Hawke, KB (21 February 1705 – 16 October 1781) was an officer of the Royal Navy. He is best remembered for his service during the Seven Years' War, particularly his victory over a French fleet at the Battle of Quiberon Bay in 1759, preventing a French invasion of Britain. A number of Royal Navy warships were named after him, in commemoration of this. He had also won an earlier victory, the Battle of Cape Finisterre in 1747 which made his name.
Spencer Compton, 1st Earl of Wilmington KG, KB, PC (18 March 1673 – 2 July 1743) was a British Whig statesman who served continuously in government from 1715 until his death. He served as the nominal head of government from 1742 until his death in 1743, but was merely a figurehead for the true leader of the government, Lord Carteret, the Secretary of State for the Northern Department. He is considered to have been Britain's second Prime Minister, after Sir Robert Walpole.
Thomas Robinson, 1st Baron Grantham, KB, PC (c. 1695 – 30 September 1770) was a British diplomatist and politician. He was a younger son of Sir William Robinson, Bt. (1655–1736) of Newby, Yorkshire, who was member of parliament for York from 1697 to 1722.
Sir William Hamilton, KB, PC (12 January 1731 – 6 April 1803) was a Scottish diplomat, antiquarian, archaeologist and vulcanologist. After a short period as a Member of Parliament, he served as British Ambassador to The Two Sicilies from 1764 to 1800. He studied Mounts Vesuvius and Etna, becoming a Fellow of the Royal Society and recipient of the Copley Medal.
John Griffin Whitwell, 4th Baron Howard de Walden, 1st Baron Braybrooke, KB (13 March 1719 – 25 May 1797) was a British nobleman and soldier. Born at Oundle, Northamptonshire, England, Whitwell married Anna Maria Schutz in 1748. His aunt Elizabeth, Countess of Portsmouth (d. 1762) agreed to leave him her interest in Audley End if he changed his surname to Griffin. He did so in 1749, by Act of Parliament, becoming John Griffin Griffin.
Charles Grey, 1st Earl Grey, KB (23 October 1729 – 14 November 1807) was one of the most important British generals of the 18th century. He was the fourth son of Sir Henry Grey, Bt. , of Howick in Northumberland.
Sir Frederick Haldimand, KB (August 11, 1718 – June 5, 1791) was a military officer best known for his service in the British Army in North America during the Seven Years' War and the American Revolutionary War. From 1778 to 1786 he served as Governor of the Province of Quebec, during which time he oversaw military operations against the northern frontiers in the war, and engaged in ultimately fruitless negotiations to establish the independent Vermont Republic as a new British province.
Sir Peter Warren, KB (10 March 1703 – 29 July 1752) was a British naval officer from Ireland who commanded the naval forces in the attack on the French fortress of Louisbourg, Nova Scotia in 1745. He later sat as MP for Westminster. He was the youngest son of Michael Warren and Catherine Plunkett, née Alymer (his mother was the first wife of Sir Nicholas Plunkett).
Sir George Yonge, 5th Baronet, KB, PC (1731 – 25 September 1812) was a British Secretary at War (1782–1783 and 1783–1794) and the namesake of Yonge Street, a principal road in Toronto, Canada, which was named in 1793 by the Lieutenant-Governor of Upper Canada John Graves Simcoe. He succeeded to the baronetcy in 1755 and it became extinct on his death.
John Sidney, 6th Earl of Leicester, PC (February 14, 1680 – September 27, 1737) was a Privy Councillor during the Georgian era. He was born and died at his family home of Penshurst Place in Kent and is buried at Penshurst. He was one of the five sons of Robert Sidney, 4th Earl of Leicester. (1649–1702) by Lady Elizabeth Egerton (1653–1709), the daughter of John Egerton, 2nd Earl of Bridgewater.
John Montagu, 2nd Duke of Montagu, KG, KB, PC (1690 – 5 July 1749), in 1745, raised a cavalry regiment known as Montagu's Carabineers, which, however, was disbanded after the Battle of Culloden. He was a son of Ralph Montagu, 1st Duke of Montagu and his first wife Elizabeth Wriothesley. His maternal grandparents were Thomas Wriothesley, 4th Earl of Southampton and his first wife Rachel de Massue.
Sir William Yonge, 4th Baronet KB FRS (c.1693 – 10 August 1755), English politician, was the son of Sir Walter Yonge, and great-great-grandson of Walter Yonge of Colyton (1579–1649), whose diaries (1604–45), more especially four volumes now in the British Museum (Add. MSS. 18777–18780), are valuable material for history. In 1722, William was elected to Parliament as member for Honiton; and he succeeded his father, the third baronet, in 1731.
Sir Charles Hanbury Williams, KB (8 December 1708 – 2 November 1759), diplomat and satirist, son of John Hanbury, a Welsh ironmaster, assumed the name of Williams on succeeding to the estate of his godfather Charles Williams, in 1720. He entered the British Parliament in 1734 representing the Monmouthshire constituency as a supporter of Robert Walpole, and held the seat until 1747. Sir Charles then won the seat of Leominster in 1754 which he held until his death.