Edward George Earle Lytton Bulwer-Lytton, 1st Baron Lytton PC (25 May 1803 – 18 January 1873), was an English politician, poet, playwright, and prolific novelist. He was immensely popular with the reading public and wrote a stream of bestselling novels which earned him a considerable fortune. But, like many authors of the period, his style now seems florid and embellished to modern tastes.
According to the Hollow Earth hypothesis, the planet Earth is either wholly hollow or otherwise contains a substantial interior space. The hypothesis has long been contradicted by overwhelming observational evidence, as well as by the modern understanding of planet formation; the scientific community has dismissed the notion since at least the late 18th century. The concept of a hollow Earth still recurs in folklore and as the premise for a subgenre of adventure fiction.
Leonhard Paul Euler (15 April 1707 – 18 September 1783) was a pioneering in German; the pronunciation /ˈjuːlər/ -lər is incorrect. Euler made important discoveries in fields as diverse as infinitesimal calculus and graph theory. He also introduced much of the modern mathematical terminology and notation, particularly for mathematical analysis, such as the notion of a mathematical function. He is also renowned for his work in mechanics, fluid dynamics, optics, and astronomy.
Edmond Halley FRS (8 November 1656 – 14 January 1742) was an English astronomer, geophysicist, mathematician, meteorologist, and physicist who is best known for computing the orbit of the eponymous Halley's comet.
John Cleves Symmes, Jr. (1779 – May 1829) was born in New Jersey to Timothy Symmes. In some local dealings he used the name Junior to distinguish himself from his prominent uncle John Cleves Symmes. His cousin, Anna Harrison briefly served as First Lady of the United States. He died in May 1829 and is buried in Symmes Parkat Hamilton, Ohio. His son, Americus Symmes, erected a Hollow Earth monument above his grave.
Cyrus Reed Teed (October 18, 1839 - December 22, 1908, erroneously Cyrus Tweed) was a U.S. eclectic physician and alchemist turned religious leader and messiah. In 1869, claiming divine inspiration, Dr. Teed took on the name Koresh and proposed a new set of scientific and religious ideas he called Koreshanity, including a unique Hollow Earth theory that posits the Earth and sky exist inside the inner surface of a sphere.
Colonel Percival Harrison Fawcett (1867 – in or after 1925) was a British archaeologist and an explorer. Along with his son, Fawcett disappeared under unknown circumstances in 1925 during an expedition to find what he believed to be an ancient lost city in the uncharted jungles of Brazil.
Agartha (sometimes Agartta, Agharti, Agarta or Agarttha) is a legendary city that is said to reside in the Earth's core. It is related to the belief in a Hollow Earth and is a popular subject in Esotericism. Agartha is one of the most common names cited for the society of underground dwellers. Shamballa (also known as Shambalah or Shangri-La) is sometimes said to be its capital city.
William Francis Brinsley Le Poer Trench, 8th Earl of Clancarty, 7th Marquess of Heusden (September 18, 1911–May 18, 1995) was an Irish peer, as well a nobleman in the Dutch nobility. Clancarty was known to be a prominent ufologist. He was the fifth son of the 5th Earl of Clancarty and Mary Gwatkin Ellis. He was educated at the Pangbourne Nautical College. Clancarty was a firm believer in flying saucers, and in particular, the Hollow Earth theory.
Mizora is an utopian novel by Mary E. Bradley Lane, first published in 1880–81, when it was serialized in the Cincinnati Commercial newspaper. It appeared in book form in 1890. Mizora is "the first portrait of an all-female, self-sufficient society," and "the first feminist technological Utopia. " The book's full title is Mizora: A Prophecy: A Mss.
The Phantom of the Poles is a book written by William Reed, and published in 1906. It attempts to explain mysterious phenomena, reported by polar explorers, by postulating that the Earth is in fact hollow, with holes at its poles.
William Reed was the author of Phantom of the Poles, published in 1906, in which he proposed his theory that the Earth is in fact hollow, with holes at its poles. Reed summarizes his revolutionary theory as follows: "The earth is hollow. The Poles, so long sought, are phantoms. There are openings at the northern and southern extremities. In the interior are vast continents, oceans, mountains and rivers.
The Smoky God, or A Voyage Journey to the Inner Earth is a novel of 1908 by Willis George Emerson (1856..1918), which is presented as a true account of a Norwegian sailor named Olaf Jansen, and explains how Jansen's sloop sailed through an entrance to the Earth's interior at the North Pole. It is notable as an early story about an underground civilization.
Robert Ernst Dickhoff (February 6, 1904 – July 27, 1991) was a writer on the paranormal and the founder of the American Buddhist Society and Fellowship, Inc. and an author of several books relating to UFOs and the hollow earth theory. He was born in 1904, in Cologne, Germany, moving to the United States in 1927. His friend the Lord Maha Chohan K.H.
Arqtiq: A Story of the Marvels at the North Pole is a feminist utopian adventure novel, published in 1899 by its author, Anna Adolph. The book was one element in the major wave of utopian and dystopian fiction that marked the later nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.