Afghanis-tan (あふがにすタン, Afuganisu-tan, see note on name below) or Afghanistan is a Japanese yonkoma manga, originally published as a webcomic, by Timaking (ちまきing). It is also the name of the heroine of the manga. The manga is nicknamed Afgan
Notes on Afghanistan and Baluchistan is a book written by Major Henry George Raverty. The first edition was published in 1876. The first Pakistani edition was published in 1978 by Indus Publications Farid Chambers, Victoria Road, Karachi, Pakistan. The book is a complete account of the tribal areas of Pakistan, NWFP in Pakistan, Afghanistan and Balochistan. It is a complete history of the Afghan people and Balochis.
The Battle of Tora Bora was a military engagement that took place in Afghanistan in December 2001, during the opening stages of the war in that country launched following the 9/11 attacks on the United States. The U.S. and its allies believed that al-Qaeda leader Osama bin Laden was hiding in the rugged mountains at Tora Bora, but despite overrunning the Taliban and al-Qaeda positions they failed to kill or capture him.
During testimony at a Guantanamo detainee's Combatant Status Review Tribunal Haji Ghalib testified that the Mahazamili were a group of Afghan mujahideen who had traveled to Persian Gulf during the Gulf War to join the coalition opposing Iraq's invasion of Kuwait. Ghalib testified he had traveled to the Gulf under the leadership of Said Ghalani.
The Mousauwal Compound was the headquarters of an unaligned military leader in Afghanistan, named Samoud Khan. Several of the detainees held in extrajudicial detention in the Guantanamo Bay detainment camps, in Cuba. American intelligence analysts believed that Samoud Khan's forces were behind a rocket attack on the American's Gardez Fire Base.
Tarafdar is a surname found in the states of West Bengal and Karnataka in India and in parts of Bangladesh. Historically, the "Tarafdar" title was given by Afghan kings, though few of the later Indian kings adopted this methodology. The Tarafdar maintained all the accounts and handled all the monetary/financial transactions for his land. The title was a prestigious position, so descendants continued claiming it, and it turned into a surname.
United Nations Security Council Resolution 8 was adopted on August 29, 1946 by ten votes to none, with Australia abstaining. Following up on Security Council Resolution 6, the Security Council reviewed requests for membership by People's Republic of Albania, the Mongolian People's Republic, Afghanistan, the Hashemite Kingdom of Transjordan, Ireland, Portugal, Iceland, Siam, and Sweden. The Council recommended the General Assembly admit Afghanistan, Iceland, and Sweden.
Operation Cyclone was the code name for the United States Central Intelligence Agency program to arm the Afghan mujahideen during the Soviet war in Afghanistan, 1979 to 1989. Operation Cyclone was one of the longest and most expensive covert CIA operations ever undertaken; funding began with $20–30 million per year in 1980 and rose to $630 million per year in 1987.
Sigal was a city of the Helmund valley in south-west Afghanistan (ancient Sacastene). The presence of the Sakas in Sakastan in the 1st century BCE, with their capital at Sigal, is mentioned by Isidore of Charax in his "Parthian stations". He explained that they were bordered at that time by Greek cities to the east, and the Parthian-controlled territory of Arachosia to the south: "Beyond is Sacastana of the Scythian Sacae, which is also Paraetacena, 63 schoeni.
Ashraf Khan Hotaki, son of Abdul Aziz, was the third ruler of the Hotaki dynasty. An ethnic Pashtun from the Ghilzai tribe, he succeeded to the throne after the death of his cousin Shah Mahmud in 1725. The nephew of Mirwais Khan Hotak, his reign was noted for the sudden decline in the Hotaki Afghan Empire under increasing pressure from Turkish, Russian, and Persian forces. Ashraf Khan halted both the Russian and Turkish onslaughts.
Sīstān is a border region in eastern Iran and southwestern Afghanistan. Sistan derives its name from 'Sakastan', which Sistan was once the westernmost part of. The Saffarids (861-1003 CE), one of the early Iranian dynasties of the Islamic era, were originally rulers of Sistan. In the Shahnameh, Sistan is also referred to as Zabulistan, after Zabol, a city in the region. In Ferdowsi's epic, Zabulistan is in turn described to be the homeland of the mythological hero Rostam.
Kabulistan is a historical term referring to the eastern territories of Greater Khorasan that is centered around present-day Kabul, Afghanistan. It is sometimes mentioned as Caboul in many old English and French books. At its peak, Kabulistan included Kunduz, Badakhshan, Ghazni, Qandahar, and the territory to the east, as far as the Indus River in Pakistan.
About Zamzama as an urdu word and part of the ornamentic in Indian Classical music, see here. The Zamzama Gun, also known as Kim’s Gun or Bhangianwala Toap is a large bore cannon. It was cast in 1757 in Lahore, now in Pakistan but at the time part of the Durrani Empire. It is currently on display in front of the Lahore Museum in Lahore, Pakistan.
Marri-Bugti Country (Marri and Bugti Country) was a tribal region during the British occupation of Baluchistan. Marris and Bugtis are the strongest Baloch tribes in the Balochistan. The Marris occupied 3,268 square miles (8,460 km) in the north, while the Bugtis occupied 3,861 square miles (10,000 km) in the south. Today, the region is divided into three districts: Kohlu, Dera Bugti and Sibi.
After the Third Battle of Panipat of 1761 in northern India, the historical record states that a large number of prisoners, mostly female civilians fleeing the battle, were taken as slaves to Afghan Kingdom, mostly in modern Pakistan. People in Maharashtra state in India feel that some of the Maratha prisoners could have survived and settled in Afghanistan.
With a contingent of max. 4,500 soldiers and policemen, Germany is one of the main contributors of troops to coalition operations in Afghanistan. Although German troops mainly operate in the comparatively quiet north of the country, the Bundeswehr has suffered a number of casualties during participation in the International Security Assistance Force peacekeeping mission in Afghanistan.
Oskar Ritter von Niedermayer (8 November 1885 – 25 September 1948) was a famous German General, Professor and Adventurer. Sometimes referred to as the German Lawrence, Niedermayer is famous for having led in 1915-1916 the Indo-German-Turkish mission to Afghanistan during World War I to enlist Emir Habibullah Khan's support against Britain and to encourage the Emir to attack British India, which remains a famous aspect of the Hindu German Conspiracy as well as the German War Effort.
The Niedermayer-Hentig Expedition was a diplomatic mission sent by the Central Powers to Afghanistan in 1915-1916. The purpose was to encourage Afghanistan to declare full independence from the United Kingdom, enter World War I on the side of the Central Powers, and attack India. The expedition was sent as a part of the Indo-German efforts to provoke a nationalist revolution in India.
Ni'mat Allah al-Harawi (fl.1613-1630) wrote a Persian epic on the history of the Afghans, at the court of the Mughal Emperor Jehangir. Often referred to as Makhzan-i-Afghani and The History of the Afghans, its full name is properly Tarikh-i-Khan Jahani Makhzan-i-Afghani, signifying that its patron was Khan Jahan Lodi, an Afghan general. There is a scholarly debate here, about whether the Tarikh is actually a different work, rather than a different recension of the same material.
Werner Otto von Hentig (22 May 1886, Germany - 8 August 1984, Norway) was a German diplomat from Berlin. He was the elder brother of criminal psychologist Hans von Hentig and the father of Hartmut von Hentig. Hentig joined the Imperial German diplomatic service in 1909 and was posted as an attache to the German mission at Beijing, and was later posted to Constantinopole and Tehran.