The abasi was a unit of currency in 19th century Afghanistan. 3 abasi = 1 rupee. It was further subdivided into 2 sanar or 4 shahi. This system was later replaced with one wherein 1 rupee = 2 kran = 60 paisa, and then finally with the decimalized 1 rupee Afghani = 100 pouls
Darvaz, alternatively spelt Darwaz and Darvoz, may refer to the following: Darvaz (region), a historic region in what is now Tajikistan and Afghanistan Darvoz district, In Tajikistan Darwaz district, in Afghanistan Darwazi Bala district, in Afghanistan
United Nations Good Offices Mission in Afghanistan and Pakistan (UNGOMAP) was established in May 1988, during the Soviet war in Afghanistan, to assist in ensuring the implementation of the agreements on the settlement of the situation relating to Afghanistan and investigate and report possible violations of any of the provisions of the agreements. The United Nations Security Council confirmed its establishment in Resolution 622 (1988).
The Geneva Accords, known formally as the agreements on the settlement of the situation relating to Afghanistan, were signed on 14 April 1988 between Afghanistan and Pakistan, with the United States and the Soviet Union serving as guarantors.
The Arghun Dynasty was a dynasty of either Mongol, Turkish or Turko-Mongol ethnicity that ruled parts of Afghanistan and Pakistan in the late 15th and early 16th centuries, as well as the region of Sindh for most of the 16th century. The Arghuns can be divided into two branches: the Arghun branch of Dhu'l-Nun Beg Arghun that ruled until 1554, and the Tarkhan branch of Muhammad 'Isa Tarkhan that ruled until 1591.
Alp Tigin was a general of Central Asian Turkic origin from Balkh who had risen from slave to general and eventually to the Governor of Khorasan based in Ghazni. Later in a political fallout over succession of the Samanids he crossed the Hindu Kush mountains to capture Ghazni, located strategically between Kabul and Kandahar in modern Afghanistan on the road between Iran and India, where he established his independence.
Ismail of Ghazni was the second ruler and Amir of the Ghaznavid Empire. He succeeded his father Amir Sabuktigin, who died of an illness acquired in Balkh during a campaign in the Samanid civil war. Ismail was designated his successor by Sabuktigin on his death-bed, while Mahmud, the older brother who was involved in the Samanid civil war, was stationed in Nishapur.
Sophagasenos or Sophagasenus was a local Indian king ruling in Kabul and Kapisa valley (Paropamisade of the classical writings) during the last decade of third century BCE. Sophagasnus finds reference only in "The Histories" of Polybius. The identity of Sophagasenus is not clear. Many historians believe that Sophagasenus was a princely scion of the Mauryas of Magadha but others believe him to have been a non-Mauryan local ruler from the area he ruled i.e. from Kabul/Kapisa land.
Povindah was the name of a class of warrior nomadic traders in Afghanistan, who belonged chiefly to the tribes of Ghilzais. Their name, which designates their occupation, is derived from the same root as the Pushtu word for to graze. They were almost wholly engaged in the carrying trade between India and Afghanistan and Central Asia.
Faqir of Ipi born Mirza Ali Khan (born 1897, died 1960) was a Pashtun from today's North-Waziristan Pakistan, Federally Administrated Tribal Areas. His followers addressed him as ‘Haji Sahib' (or Respected Pilgrim). The village of Ipi is located near Mirali Camp in North Waziristan Agency, Waziristan, from where the Faqir of Ipi started his guerrilla warfare against the British Empire throughout the 1930s and 1940s until the British departure in 1947.
Syed Ahmad bin Muhammad as-Shaheed of Rai Bareilly (b.1786 - d.1831), was from Rae Bareli, India Syed Ahmad was the student of Shah Abdul Aziz and was influenced by him and his father Shah Waliullah and toured Afghanistan and the areas occupied by the Sikhs raising the banner of Jihad and rallying the Pashtun tribes to his banner.
The War in Afghanistan (2001–present) has caused the deaths of thousands of Afghan civilians directly from insurgent and foreign military action, as well as the deaths of possibly tens of thousands of Afghan civilians indirectly as a consequence of displacement, starvation, disease, exposure, lack of medical treatment, crime and lawlessness resulting from the war.
Navbahar (also known as "Nava Vihara") was a Buddhist stupa or monastery near the ancient city of Balkh, in the Greater Khorasan province of the Persian Empire (now in present-day Afghanistan). The temple may have been an old Zoroastrian fire-temple, or it may have been converted to a Zoroastrian temple (sources differ). Balkh was also the birth place of Zoroaster.
The Kashmir Smast caves are a series of natural limestone caves, artificially expanded from the Kushan to the Shahi periods, situated in the Babozai mountains in the Mardan Valley in Northern Pakistan. According to recent scholarship based on a rare series of bronze coins and artifacts found in the region, the caves and their adjacent valley probably comprised a sovereign kingdom in Gandhara which maintained at least partial independence for almost 500 years, from c.
Cleophis was the mother of Assakenos or Assacanus, the reigning war-leader of the Assakenoi or Assacani people at the time of Alexander’s invasion (Curtius). The Assakenoi were a free people who formed a sub-section of the Kambojas (q.v. ) of Paropamisade and lived in parts of Swat and Buner valleys during Alexander’s invasion. The habitat of the Assakenoi roughly corresponded to modern Kafirstan (Dr R. K. Mukerjee).
Jalal ud-Dawlah Mohammad Ghaznavi (died 1041) ascended the throne of the Ghaznavid Empire upon the death of his father Mahmud in 1030. He was the younger of a set of twins; this circumstance resulted in civil strife. His reign lasted five months before he was overthrown by his twin Ma'sud I, after which he was blinded and imprisoned. Nine years later he was reinstated for a year before being slain by his nephew Maw'dud.
Ma'sud I seized the throne of the Ghaznavid Empire upon the death of his father Mahmud from his younger twin Mohammad who had been nominated as the heir upon the death of their father Mahmud of Ghazni. His twin was blinded and imprisoned. Hasanak vazir was also executed by his order.
Shihab ud-Dawlah Maw'dud (d. 1050 CE) seized the throne of the Ghaznavid Empire from Mohammad Ghaznavi in revenge for the murder of his father Ma'sud I. His brother in Lahore did not recognize him, but his sudden death paved the way for Maw'dud to exercise his control of the eastern portion of the empire.
During the 2001 Invasion of Afghanistan, many Taliban, al-Qaeda and militant fighters were captured and held at military bases in the region. On several occasions, there were instances of mass escapes.