Konstantin Ustinovich Chernenko was a Soviet politician and the sixth General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. He led the Soviet Union from 13 February 1984, until his death just thirteen months later on 10 March 1985. Chernenko was also Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet from 11 April 1984, until his death.
Lev Borisovich Kamenev (born Rosenfeld, Ро́зенфельд; July 18 1883 – August 25, 1936) was a Bolshevik revolutionary and a prominent Soviet politician. He was briefly the nominal head of the Soviet state in 1917 and a founding member (1919) and later chairman (1923-1924) of the ruling Politburo.
Leonid Ilyich Brezhnev (December 19, 1906 – November 10, 1982) led the Soviet Union during the Cold War. He served as the fourth First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union from 1964 to 1982, and as Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, from 1960 to 1964 and 1977 to 1982. Brezhnev was born in Kamenskoe in 1906. He was employed as a metalworker in his youth; he joined Komsomol in 1922 and the Communist Party in 1931.
The President of the Soviet Union was the Head of State of the USSR from 15 March 1990 to 25 December 1991. Mikhail Gorbachev was the only person to occupy the office. Gorbachev was also General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (a position that he had held since March 1985) between March 1990 and August 1991.
Andrei Andreyevich Gromyko was a Soviet politician and diplomat. Gromyko was a full member of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union and its Politburo and served as Minister for Foreign Affairs for the Soviet Union (1957–1985) and Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet (1985–1988).
Mikhail Ivanovich Kalinin (1875 – 1946), known familiarly by Soviet citizens as "Kalinych," was a Bolshevik revolutionary and the nominal head of state of the Soviet Union from 1919 to 1946. From 1926 he was a member of the Politburo of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, where he was one of the inner circle of party leaders around Soviet leader Joseph Stalin.
Anastas Mikoyan was an Armenian Old Bolshevik and Soviet statesman during the Stalin and Khrushchev years. Mikoyan was an early convert of the Bolshevik cause. He supported Stalin after Vladimir Lenin's death created a power vacuum. During Stalin's reign, he was awarded with several high governmental posts including Minister of Trade. After Stalin's death, he backed Nikita Khrushchev and his de-stalinization policy.
Nikolai Viktorovich Podgorny (February 18 1903–January 12, 1983) was the Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR from 1965 to 1977. An engineer, trained at the Technological Institute of the Food Industry in Kiev, he became deputy commissar of the Ukrainian food industry before becoming a member of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union in 1950.
Nikolay Mikhailovich Shvernik was a Russian politician, who was the Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR (or President of the USSR) from March 19, 1946 until March 15, 1953. Though the titular head of state Shvernik, in fact, had little power as the real authority lay with Joseph Stalin as General Secretary of the Communist Party.
Grigory Ivanovich Petrovsky (January 23, 1878 - January 9, 1958) was a revolutionary of Ukrainian origin, who was the Chairman of the Central Executive Committee of the USSR from December 30, 1922, to January 12, 1938.
Aleksandr Grigoryevich Chervyakov (February 25, 1892 - June 16, 1937) was one of the founders and eventually became the leader of the Communist Party of Belorussia. He joined the Bolshevik Party in May 1917, and began to gain power quickly. He was appointed chairman of the Military Revolutionary Committee of Minsk in 1920, and because of that position, was involved in the creation the Soviet Union.
Also known as the President of the Russian Soviet Republic, President of the Russian Soviet Federation and Chairman of the Russian National Congress of Soviets from November 8, 1917 onward Note: The first Central Executive Committee of the All-Russian Congress of Soviets elected in June 1917 was not a governing body and its chairman was not the head of Russian state. This changed at the Second All-Russian Congress of Soviets during the October Revolution.