Afghan Turkestan is a region in northern Afghanistan, on the border with the former Soviet republics of Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan and Tajikistan. It was the name of a former province in this area, which was centred on Mazari Sharif and included territory in the modern provinces of Balkh, Jowzjan, Faryab and Sar-e Pol.
Afghanistan is a landlocked nation in south-central Asia. Strategically located at the crossroads of major north-south and east-west trade routes, it has attracted a succession of invaders including Alexander the Great, in the fourth century B.C. Currently, the United States continues the global war on terrorism there.
Tora Bora, known locally as Spīn Ghar, is a cave complex situated in the White Mountains of eastern Afghanistan, in the Pachir Wa Agam District of Nangarhar province, approximately 50 km (31 mi) west of the Khyber Pass and 10 km (6.2 mi) north of the border of the Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) in Pakistan. During the US invasion of Afghanistan it was one of the strongholds of the Taliban and its Arab Al Qaeda allies.
Badakhshan is an historic region comprising parts of what is now northeastern Afghanistan and southeastern Tajikistan. The name is retained in Badakhshan Province which is one of the thirty-four provinces of Afghanistan, in the far northeast of Afghanistan, and contains the Wakhan Corridor. Much of historic Badakhshan lies within Tajikistan's Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Province located in the in south-eastern part of the country.
Pashtunistan or Pakhtunistan is the name of a region that is inhabited by the Pashtun people since ancient time. It has been designated for the future sovereign state by some since the late 1940s when India was partitioned and Pakistan created. Pashtun nationalists believe this historic homeland was divided in 1893 by the Durand Line, a disputed and poorly-marked border between British India (now Pakistan) and Afghanistan.
Hazarajat, also known as Hazaristan, is the name given to a region in central Afghanistan that makes up the native homeland of Afghanistan's Hazara people. It is made up of the three central provinces of Bamyan, Daykundi and Ghor and includes large areas of Maidan Wardak, Ghazni, Orūzgān, Balkh, Sar-e Pol, Samangan and Baghlan. The region has also been known as Paropamizan or Paropamise.
The Durand Line refers to the border between Afghanistan and Pakistan, which is poorly marked and approximately 2,640 kilometers (1,610 miles) long. It was established after the 1893 Durand Line Agreement between the Government of colonial British India and Afghan Amir Abdur Rahman Khan for fixing the limit of their respective spheres of influence. It is named after Henry Mortimer Durand, the Foreign Secretary of British India at the time.
The Wakhan Corridor or Wakhan Salient (also known as the Afghan Panhandle) is a long and slender land corridor that forms the easternmost extremity of Afghanistan in the Pamir Mountains. It is roughly 210 kilometres (100 mi) long and between 20 kilometres (10 mi) and 60 kilometres (40 mi) wide. . It is named after the Wakhan region of Afghanistan's Badakhshan Province.
The Golden Crescent is the name given to one of Asia's two principal areas of illicit opium production, located at the crossroads of Central, South, and Western Asia. This space overlaps three nations, Afghanistan, Iran, and Pakistan, whose mountainous peripheries define the crescent. The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) heroin production estimates for the past 10 years show significant changes in the primary source areas.
The Boghra Irrigation Canal is a man-made canal some 155 kilometres long in central Afghanistan in Helmand Province, serving to divert water from the Helmand River and the Arghandab for farmland. It was built in the 1950s.
Oxiana is the region surrounding the Amu Darya River which flows along Afghanistan's northern border separating it from Tajikistan and Uzbekistan before turning northwest into Turkmenistan to the Aral Sea. In ancient times, the river was known as the Oxus in Greek. Robert Byron wrote about Oxiana in his book The Road To Oxiana describing his 10 month long journey to Persia and Afghanistan in 1933-34.
Balochistan or Baluchistan is an arid, mountainous region in the Iranian plateau in Southwest Asia and South Asia; it includes part of southeastern Iran, western Pakistan, and southwestern Afghanistan. The area is named after the numerous Baloch tribes, Iranian peoples who moved into the area from the west around A.D. 1000. All natives are considered Balochi even if they do not speak the Balochi language; Pashto, Persian, Hazaragi, and Brahui languages are also spoken in the region.
Igam is a small area in what is now Afghanistan just west of Sanginah. Named by the Persian Empire during the reign of Deioces (728BC-675BC). Considered to be a Holy site for a prophetic theories, Deioces built a shrine in 719BC to the honor of "IGAM". IGAM, was prophesied by Zoroaster (Around 1200BC). Zoroaster believed these stars would descend unto Earth and sleep in the womb of a woman. He went even as far as to describe the Earthly parents of the prophetic stars.
The Afghan Balochistan is the south-centre and south-west part of Afghanistan. It comprises a part of the historical Balochistan region; to its south is Pakistani Balochistan and Iranian Balochistan is to the west.
The Korengal valley, Afghanistan, is located on the south part of the Pech river. In the east there is Asadabad capital of Kunar Province, in the west there is Chapa Dara district, in the south it is Chawkay district (Diwagal valley). In the south east there is Narang wa Badil district (Badeil Valley), and in the south west - Nurgal district (Mazar valley), which includes Shumast Aret.
Chakhansur is a sparsely inhabited district near Nimroz (Nimruz) / Zaranj in Nimruz Province in Afganistan. Its population is approximately 406. The economy is primarily based on agriculture and the necessary water for irrigation is dependent on the status of the Sistan Basin, an endorheic basin which periodically becomes dry. This area of Afghanistan was a major medieval cultural hub on the Silk Road but most ancient structures are now covered by sand.
Igam is a small area in what is now Afghanistan just west of Sanginah. Named by the Persian Empire during the reign of Deioces (728BC-675BC). Considered to be a Holy site for a prophetic theories, Deioces built a shrine in 719BC to the honor of "Igam". Igam was prophesied by Zoroaster (Around 1200BC). Zoroaster believed these stars would descend unto Earth and sleep in the womb of a woman. He went even as far as to describe the Earthly parents of the prophetic stars.