The Fujiwara clan (藤原氏 Fujiwara-shi), descending from the Nakatomi clan, was a powerful family of regents in Japan. The clan originated when the founder, Nakatomi no Kamatari (614-669), was given the surname Fujiwara by Emperor Tenji. The Fujiwara dominated the Japanese politics of Heian period (794–1185) through the monopoly of regent positions, Sesshō and Kampaku.
Prince Fumimaro Konoe (often Konoye, October 12, 1891 – December 16, 1945) was a Japanese politician who served as the 34th, 38th and 39th Prime Minister of Japan and founder/leader of the Taisei Yokusankai.
Fujiwara no Mototsune continued the trend begun by Yoshifusa of monopolizing the position of regent to the Japanese emperor. He was third son of Fujiwara no Nagara, brother of Yoshifusa, and Fujiwara no Otoharu (藤原乙春), daughter of Fujiwara no Tsugutada. He was adopted by Yoshifusa who had no sons, and Mototsune followed in Yoshifusa's footsteps. After the emperor had reached his maturity, however, Mototsune invented the position of kampaku regent for himself.
Fujiwara no Michinaga represents the highpoint of the Fujiwara regents' control over the government of Japan. Michinaga exerted de facto reign over Japan in the early 11th century. This can be seen from the fact that he was father to four (non-reigning) empresses, uncle to two emperors and grandfather to another three. He was the fourth or fifth son of Fujiwara no Kaneie by his wife Tokihime, daughter of Fujiwara no Nakamasa.
Fujiwara no Yoshifusa was the first of the great regents from the Fujiwara clan. He was the second son of Fujiwara no Fuyutsugu and Fujiwara no Mitsuko. A skillful politician, he managed to set up his own grandson as the emperor Emperor Seiwa, with himself acting as regent and de facto ruler. He was the first regent in Japanese history who was not himself of imperial rank. Yoshifusa is referred to as Chūjin Kō (忠仁公) (posthumous name as Daijō Daijin).
Murasaki Shikibu (c. 973–c. 1014 or 1025), or Lady Murasaki as she is often known in English, was a Japanese novelist, poet, and a maid of honor of the imperial court during the Heian period. She is best known as the author of The Tale of Genji, written in Japanese between about 1000 and 1008, one of the earliest novels in human history. "Murasaki Shikibu" was not her real name, which is unknown.
The Konoe family (近衛家 Konoe-ke) was a branch of the Fujiwara clan, a powerful noble family in Japan. As one of the five regent houses, the Konoe family monopolized the offices of Sessho and Kampaku along with Takatsukasa, Kujō, Ichijō and Nijō families. They are collectively known as the Five regent houses. With the support from Taira no Kiyomori, Konoe Motozane founded the clan. Prime Minister Fumimaro Konoe came from this clan.
Kujō Yoritsugu (December 17, 1239 – October 14, 1256, r. 1244–1252) was the 5th shogun of the Kamakura shogunate of Japan. His father was the 4th Kamakura shogun, Kujō Yoritsune. Kujō Yoritsugu is also known as Fujiwara no Yoritsugu because he was a member of the great Fujiwara clan. The Kujō family was one of the five branches of the historically powerful Fujiwara clan of courtiers.
Fujiwara no Yorinaga (藤原頼長; 1120 - August 1, 1156) of the Fujiwara clan held the position of Imperial Palace Minister of the Left. Born in 1120, Yorinaga ascended quickly through the political ranks achieving formidable office by the age of 17. (Naidaijin) in 1150, he was appointed Minister of the Left, the highest rank under the Regent. Yorinaga was one of the last major advocates of restoring the once powerful Fujiwara Regency, which was the ruling political party in Japan from about 794-967.
Fujiwara no Kamatari (藤原鎌足, 614–669 A.D. ) was the founder of the Fujiwara clan in Japan. His birth clan was the Nakatomi. He was the son of Nakatomi no Mikeko, and his birth name was Nakatomi no Kamatari (中臣鎌足). Just before his death, he received the surname Fujiwara from Emperor Tenji. He was a friend and supporter of the Prince Naka no Ōe, later Emperor Tenji.
Fujiwara no Teika, also known as Fujiwara no Sadaie or Sada-ie, (1162 – September 26, 1241) was a Japanese poet, critic, calligrapher, novelist, anthologist, scribe, and scholar of the late Heian and early Kamakura periods. His influence was enormous, and he is even to this day counted as among the greatest of Japanese poets, and perhaps the greatest master of the waka form - an ancient poetic form consisting of five lines with a total of 31 syllables.
Fujiwara no Yorimichi (990-1074), son of Michinaga, was a Japanese Court noble. He succeeded his father to the position of Sessho in 1017, and then went on to become Kampaku from 1020 until 1068. In both these positions, he acted as Regent to the Emperor, as many of his ancestors and descendants did; the Fujiwara clan had nearly exclusive control over the regency positions for over 200 years.
Fujiwara no Fuhito was a powerful member of the imperial court of Japan during the Asuka and Nara periods. Second son of Fujiwara no Kamatari (or, according to one theory, of Emperor Tenji), he had sons by two women, and those sons were the founders of the four principal lineages of the Fujiwara clan: the South, North, Ceremonial, and Capital lineages. Also, he had four daughters by two other women. three by Kamohime, one by Tachibana no Michiyo.
Fujiwara no Tadamichi (藤原忠通) (1097 – 1164) was the eldest son of the Japanese regent Fujiwara no Tadazane and a member of the politically powerful Fujiwara clan. He was the father of Fujiwara no Kanefusa. In the Hōgen Rebellion of 1156, Tadamichi sided with the Emperor Go-Shirakawa.
The Five regent houses (五摂家; go-seike or go-sekke) is a collective term for those five families of Fujiwara clan, who were regarded entitled to the position of Sekkan in the Imperial Court of Kyoto, Japan, and monopolized the position between 12th and 19th century. The five houses are Konoe, Takatsukasa, Kujō, Ichijō and Nijō. The Fujiwara clan had also other families, but traditionally only these five were eligible for regentship.
Fujiwara no Motofusa (1144 - 1230) was an imperial regent in the late 1100s, serving both Emperor Rokujō and Emperor Takakura. He was also called Matsudono Motofusa, as he came from the village of Matsudono, near Kyoto. Fujiwara no Tadataka and Matsudono Moroie were his first and third sons, respectively. Though wielding great power as sesshō and kampaku, Motofusa was prevented from becoming the head of the Fujiwara family by the political maneuvers of Taira no Kiyomori.
Kujō Michiie (九条 道家) (1193-1252) was a Japanese regent in the 13th century. He was the father of Kujō Yoritsune and grandson of Kujō Kanezane (also known as Fujiwara no Kanezane). He was the father of Norizane and Yoritsune. His third son Ichijō Sanetsune was the founding father of Ichijō family, while his second son Nijō Yoshizane founded Nijō family. The Kujō family were sponsors of the Kitano Shrine.
Fujiwara no Kanezane, also known as Kujō Kanezane, is the founder of the Kujō family (at the encouragement of Minamoto no Yoritomo), although some sources cite Fujiwara no Morosuke (908-960) as its founder. Kanezane organised the compilation of the Kitano Tenjin Engi, the history of the Kitano Shrine. At the age of 38 he became regent and in 1189 was appointed Chief Minister.
Fujiwara no Morosuke, also known as Kujo Morosuke, was a kuge . Morosuke's father is always given as Fujiwara no Tadahira (880-949). In 959 Kujo Morosuke sponsored building what was later to become the celebrated Kitano Shrine in Kyoto. Morosuke managed to marry his daughters to Emperor Murakami (946-967). Their sons became the Emperor Reizei (967-969) and Emperor En'yū (969-984).
Fujiwara no Nakamaro 706 - October 21, 764), later also given the name of Emi no Oshikatsu by Emperor Kōnin, was an aristocrat and poet of Heian period in Japan. His father was Fujiwara no Muchimaro, founder of Nanke lineage of Fujiwara clan. In 764 he plotted with the then Emperor Junnin against retired Empress Kōken and the monk Dōkyō amid the contention between two factions in the government. His rebellion failed, and he was executed in Lake Biwa with his wife and children.
Fujiwara no Morozane (1042 - March 14, 1101) was a regent of Japan and a chief of the Fujiwara clan during the late Heian period. He was known as Kyōgoku dono (Lord Kyōgoku) or Go-Uji dono (the Later Lord Uji, 後宇治殿). He held the positions of sessho or kanpaku for a twenty year period, sessho from 1075 to 1086 during the reign of Emperor Shirakawa and from 1094 to 1099 during the reign of Emperor Horikawa, and kampaku from 1086 to 1094 during the reign of Emperor Horikawa.
Fujiwara no Nobuyori (d. 1160) was one of the chief allies of Minamoto no Yoshitomo in the Heiji Rebellion of 1159. As a member of the Fujiwara clan, Nobuyori might have been in line to become regent, and he desired power, which he obtained for a short while following the Rebellion. In the late 1150s, a dispute arose between the followers of the reigning Emperor Nijō and those who favored the retired Emperor Go-Shirakawa.
Fujiwara no Michinori (d. 1160), also known as Shinzei, was one of the chief advisors to Emperor Nijō, and one of the chief allies to Taira no Kiyomori, particularly during the Heiji Rebellion of 1159. As the head of the successful faction at Court, Shinzei enjoyed access to the emperor and other privileges which Fujiwara no Nobuyori envied.
Fujiwara no Tadahira (藤原 忠平; 880 - 949) was a kuge who served as regent under Emperor Suzaku who ruled from 930 to 946. Born the fourth son of Mototsune, Kampaku, he took over the head of the Fujiwara family in 909 when his elder brother Tokihira died. In 930 he was appointed Sessho and in 941 Kampaku. He was known for good nature and industriousness. Emperor Murakami was the maternal nephew of Tadahira.