Marie Jean Antoine Nicolas de Caritat, marquis de Condorcet (17 September 1743 – 28 March 1794), known as Nicolas de Condorcet, was a French philosopher, mathematician, and early political scientist who devised the concept of a Condorcet method. Unlike many of his contemporaries, he advocated a liberal economy, free and equal public education, constitutionalism, and equal rights for women and people of all races.
Victor de Bonald (1780–1871), son of Louis Gabriel Ambroise de Bonald, followed his father in his exile. He was rector of the academy of Montpellier after the restoration, but lost his post during the Hundred Days. Regaining it at the second restoration, he resigned finally in 1830. He wrote Des vrais principes opposes aux erreurs du XIX siècle (1833), Moise et les geologues modernes (1835), and a life of his father.
Jean-Paul Crespelle (December 24, 1910 – 1994) was a journalist and author. He was born in Nogent-sur-Marne, Île-de-France, France. Crespelle wrote important historical works on the artistic and nocturnal life of the artists who gathered in Montmartre and Montparnasse at the turn of the 20th century.
Emmanuel Carrère (born in Paris on 9 December 1957) is a French author, screenwriter and director. He is the son of Louis Carrère d'Encausse and French historian Hélène Carrère d'Encausse. Carrère studied at the Institut d'Études Politiques de Paris (better known as Sciences Po). Much of his writing, both fiction and nonfiction, centers around the primary themes of the interrogation of identity, the development of illusion and the direction of reality.
Jean Schlumberger was a French writer and journalist. He was the son of Jean Schlumberger, the scion of a textile manufacturing family of German origin, and Marguerite de Witt, the granddaughter of François Guizot. Two of his brothers, Conrad and Marcel, founded the Schlumberger company. Jean Schlumberger is best known as a writer of novels, plays and books of poetry. He was co-founder of the Nouvelle Revue Française, a French literary journal.
Alphonse de Beauchamp (1769–1832) was a French historian. Born in Monaco, he was educated in Paris. He entered the Sardinian military service in 1784, but suffered imprisonment in 1792 for refusing to bear arms against the French Republic. Beauchamp escaped to France, where he obtained a position in the office of the Minister of Police, and was assigned the surveillance of the press.
Madeleine Pelletier (May 18, 1874 – December 29, 1939) was a French physician, psychiatrist, first-wave feminist, and socialist activist. Pelletier originally trained as an anthropologist studying the relationship between skull size and intelligence after Paul Broca with Charles Letourneau and Léonce Manouvrier. When she left anthropology she attacked the concept of skull size as a determinant of intelligence distinguishing the sexes.
Pierre Klossowski (August 9, 1905—August 12, 2001) was a French writer, translator and artist. He was the eldest son of the artists Erich Klossowski and Baladine Klossowska, and his younger brother was the painter Balthus.
Arthur Chuquet (1853–1925) was a French historian and biographer. He was born in Rocroi, Ardennes. He is now best known for his Jeunesse de Napoléon appearing in three volumes from 1897 to 1899. He became a member of the Institut de France in 1900.
Paul Stapfer (1840–1917) was a French essayist, born in Paris, and educated at the Bonaparte Lyceum. After serving as tutor in the family of François Guizot, he became a professor at Grenoble. In 1883, he accepted a similar professorship at Bordeaux. Stapfer's essays are remarkable for their clarity of style, perfection of finish and accuracy of detail. He edited the Grands écrivains series.
Annie Réval is a French celebrity biographer. Gérard Depardieu : Voleur d'âmes (2004) with Caroline Réali Mylène Farmer (2004) Jean-Jacques Goldman (2003) Claude Nougaro états d'âmes (2002) Gilbert Bécaud (2001) AZNAVOUR (2000) Barbara, une si belle histoire (1998)
Marquis Louis-Antoine Caraccioli (6 November 1719 – 29 May 1803) was a prolific French writer, poet, historian, and biographer long time considered an "enemy of Philosophy" because of his broad apologetic production.
Alfred Paul Victor Morel-Fatio was the leading French Hispanist of his time, educated at École des chartes, Paris. From 1875 to 1880 he was attaché of the department of manuscripts of the Bibliothèque Nationale, during which period he prepared his excellent Catalogue des manuscrits espagnols et portugais de la Bibliothèque Nationale. For the next five years he was professor at the École supérieure des lettres at Algiers.