Tristan Tzara (born Samuel or Samy Rosenstock, also known as S. Samyro; April 16 1896–December 25, 1963) was a Romanian and French avant-garde poet, essayist and performance artist. Also active as a journalist, playwright, literary and art critic, composer and film director, he was known best for being one of the founders and central figures of the anti-establishment Dada movement.
Philippe d'Orléans, petit-fils de France, Duke of Orléans (Philippe Charles; 2 August 1674 – 2 December 1723) was a member of the royal family of France and served as Regent of the Kingdom from 1715 to 1723. Born at his father's palace at Saint-Cloud, he was known from birth under the title of Duke of Chartres. His father was Louis XIV's younger brother Philippe de France, known as Monsieur; his mother was Elizabeth Charlotte, a German princess of the House of Wittelsbach.
Daniel-Henry Kahnweiler (25 June 1884 - 11 January 1979), born in Germany, was an art historian, an art collector and one of the premier French Art dealers of the 20th century. He became prominent as an art gallery owner in Paris beginning in 1907 and he was among the first champions of Pablo Picasso, Georges Braque and Cubism.
Charles Auguste Louis Joseph Demorny/de Morny, 1st Duc de Morny (15-16 September 1811 in Switzerland – 10 March 1865 in Paris) was a French statesman. He was the natural son of Hortense de Beauharnais and Charles Joseph, comte de Flahaut, and therefore half-brother of Emperor Napoleon III.
Antoine Perrenot de Granvelle (August 20, 1517 - September 21, 1586), Comte de La Baume Saint Amour, was a French statesman, made a cardinal, who followed his father as a leading minister of the Spanish Habsburgs, and was one of the most influential European politicians during the time which immediately followed the appearance of Protestantism in Europe; "the dominating Imperial statesman of the whole century".
Daniel Filipacchi (born 1928, in Paris, France) is the Chairman Emeritus of Hachette Filipacchi Médias. His life and career have been noted for his passionate involvement in art collecting, photography, and jazz. In France, he is widely remembered as the host of the highly popular 1960's radio music show “Salut les Copains", and the former photographer who bought the struggling Paris Match magazine and transformed it into one of France's best-loved and most successful publications.
Mayer Alphonse James Rothschild (February 1, 1827 - May 26, 1905), was a French, financier, vineyard owner, art collector, philanthropist, racehorse owner/breeder and a member of the prominent Rothschild banking family of France. Known as Alphonse, he was the eldest son of James Mayer de Rothschild (1792-1868). His mother was Betty de Rothschild (1805-1886), the daughter of Salomon Mayer von Rothschild from the Austrian branch of the family.
Bernard Arnault (born 5 March 1949) is a French businessman. He is the founder, chairman, and CEO of LVMH, a large luxury goods conglomorate consisting of over fifty luxury brands, including Louis Vuitton, Dior, and Fendi. According to Forbes Magazine, Arnault is the world's 7th richest person, with a 2009 net worth of $US27.5 billion. In 2007, Time Magazine listed him as one of the 100 Most Influential People in the world.
Pierre Crozat (1661–1740) was a French art collector and brother of Antoine Crozat. Crozat was born in Toulouse, France, the son of peasants. He and his brother Antoine were opportunistic self-made men, rising from obscurity to become two of the wealthiest merchants in France - Pierre was known ironically as Crozat le pauvre.
Henri-Pierre Roché (28 May 1879 – 9 April 1959) was a French author who was deeply involved with the artistic avant-garde in Paris and the Dada movement. Born in Paris, France, Henri-Pierre Roché was a respected journalist as well as an art collector and dealer. At the turn of the 20th century, he became close friends with a number of young artists from the Montparnasse Quarter of Paris including: Manuel Ortiz de Zárate, Marie Vassilieff, and also from Montmartre: Max Jacob, and Pablo Picasso.
Henri Cernuschi (Enrico Cernuschi in Italian) (1821-02-19 in Milan - 1896-05-11 in Menton), was a major French banker, economist and Asian art collector, who started off as an Italian politician in 1848-1850. He was born of wealthy parents at Milan, and was destined for the legal profession. During his studies he became involved in the revolutionary movement.
Daniel Leopold Wildenstein (11 September 1917 – 23 October 2001) was a major international art dealer and scholar, as well as a leading thoroughbred race horse owner and breeder. Born in Verrières-le-Buisson, Essonne (just outside of Paris), Wildenstein inherited the responsibility in 1963 of running Wildenstein & Company, a five-generation family business founded in 1875 by Nathan Wildenstein (Daniel's grandfather).
Émile Schuffenecker (December 8, 1851 - July 31, 1934) was a French Post-Impressionist painter, art teacher and art collector. A friend of Paul Gauguin and Odilon Redon, and one of the first collectors of works by Vincent van Gogh, Schuffenecker was instrumental in establishing the Volpini exhibition, in 1889.
André Meyer (September 3, 1898 – September 9, 1979) was a French-born American Wall Street investment banker. André Benoit Mathieu Meyer was born in Paris to a low-income family. As a boy, he began following the workings of the stock market and out of necessity left school at age sixteen to work as a messenger at the Paris Bourse.
Pierre David-Weill (March 8, 1900 - January 14, 1975) was a French investment banker. Born Pierre Sylvain Désiré Gérard David-Weill in Paris, France, he was the son of Flora Raphael and David David-Weill (1871-1952), Chairman of Lazard Frères. He followed in his father's footsteps and in 1927 became a partner in the Paris office of the family's bank at the time under the direction of the Raymond Philippe.
Delphine Arnault (4 April 1975) is a French businesswoman with the LVMH luxury goods conglomerate. The daughter of Bernard Arnault, she is one of the richest women in the world; on September 24, 2005, she married Alessandro Vallarino Gancia, heir to an Italian wine fortune.
Paul-Ferdinand Gachet (30 July 1828 - 9 January 1909) was a French physician most famous for treating the painter Vincent van Gogh during his last weeks in Auvers-sur-Oise. Gachet was a great supporter of artists and the Impressionist movement. In fact, he himself was an amateur painter, signing his works "Paul van Ryssel", referring to his birthplace: Gachet came "from" "Ryssel", the Flemish name of Lille.
Édouard Alphonse James de Rothschild (24 February 1868 – 30 June 1949) was a French financier and a member of the prominent Rothschild banking family of France. Born in Paris, Édouard de Rothschild was the only son of Baron Alphonse James de Rothschild (1827-1905). His mother was Leonora de Rothschild (1837-1911), the daughter of Lionel de Rothschild of the English branch of the family.
Alexandre Louis Philippe Marie Berthier (July 20, 1883 - May 30, 1918, 4th Prince de Wagram) was the son of Bertha Clara von Rothschild of the prominent Rothschild banking family of Germany and Louis Philippe Marie Alexandre Berthier, 3rd Prince de Wagram (1836-1911). The family resided in the ancestral home, the Château de Grosbois, a large estate in Boissy-Saint-Léger, southeast of Paris.
Pierre-Jean Mariette was a collector of and dealer in old master prints, a renowned connoisseur, especially of prints and drawings, and a chronicler of the careers of French Italian and Flemish artists. He was a central figure in the artistic culture of Paris for decades.
G. Albert Aurier (5 May 1865 – 5 October 1892) was a poet, art critic and painter, devoted to Symbolism. Son of a notary born in Châteauroux, Indre, Aurier went to Paris in 1883 to study law, but soon his attention was drawn to art and literature, and he began to contribute to Symolist periodicals. He reviewed the annual Salon in Le Décadent, later he contributed to La Plume, in 1889 to Le Moderniste, and from its foundation in 1890, to the Mercure de France.
Alfred Bruyas (15 August 1821 – 1 January 1876) was an art collector and a personal friend of many important artists of his time, among them Gustave Courbet. He donated his collection to the Musée Fabre, in Montpellier. Born Jacques Louis Bruyas, he was the son of a wealthy banker in Montpellier. His interest in art was clear even at school.