The Federated States of Micronesia /ˌmaɪkroʊˈniːʒə/ is an island nation located in the Pacific Ocean, north of New Guinea. It is a sovereign state in free association with the United States. The Federated States of Micronesia were formerly part of the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands, a United Nations Trust Territory under U.S. administration. In 1979 they adopted a constitution, and in 1986 independence was attained under a Compact of Free Association with the United States.
The Marshall Islands /ˈmɑrʃəl ˈaɪləndz/, officially the Republic of the Marshall Islands (RMI), is a Micronesian nation of atolls and islands in the middle of the Pacific Ocean, just west of the International Date Line and just north of the Equator. This nation of roughly 62,000 people is located north of Nauru and Kiribati, east of the Federated States of Micronesia, and south of the U.S. territory of Wake Island, to which it lays claim.
Nauru, officially the Republic of Nauru and formerly known as Pleasant Island, is an island nation in Micronesia in the South Pacific. Its nearest neighbor is Banaba Island in Kiribati, 300 km to the east. Nauru is the world's smallest island nation, covering just 21 square kilometres. Settled by Micronesian and Polynesian people, Nauru was annexed and claimed as a colony by the German Empire in the late 19th century.
The Northern Mariana Islands /ˈnɔrðərn mɛəriˈænə ˈaɪləndz/, officially the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI), is a commonwealth in political union with the United States, occupying a strategic region of the western Pacific Ocean. It consists of fifteen islands about three-quarters of the way from Hawaii to the Philippines, at 15°1′2″N 145°4′5″E / 15.01722°N 145.06806°E / 15.01722; 145.06806.
Palau /pəˈlaʊ/, officially the Republic of Palau, is an island nation in the Pacific Ocean, some 500 miles (800 km) east of the Philippines and 2,000 miles (3,200 km) south of Tokyo. Having emerged from United Nations trusteeship (administered by the United States) in 1994, it is one of the world's youngest and smallest sovereign states. In English, the name is sometimes spelled Belau in accordance with the native pronunciation. It was formerly also spelled Pelew.
German South West Africa was a colony of Germany from 1884 until 1915, when it was taken over by South Africa (as part of the British Empire) and administered as South West Africa, finally becoming Namibia in 1990. With an area of 835,100 km², it was easily one and a half times the size of the mainland German Empire in Europe (without its colonies) at the time.
German East Africa was a German colony in East Africa, which included what are now Burundi, Rwanda and Tanganyika (the mainland part of present Tanzania). Its area was 994,996 km² (384,170 square miles), nearly three times the size of Germany today. The colony came into existence during the 1880s and ended with Imperial Germany's defeat World War I, after the territory was divided between Britain and Belgium until converted to mandates of the League of Nations.
Colonia Tovar (Tovar Colony) is a city located in the Tovar Municipality of the state of Aragua in Venezuela, 60 km west of Caracas. The town was named after Martín Tovar y Ponte who donated the land over 150 years ago, and was founded by Agostino Codazzi. The city is mainly known for its Germanic characteristics, culture, and a dessert called "golfiado", which is very similar to a cinnamon bun.
The Kionga Triangle was a tiny territory on the border between German East Africa (largely overlapping the present-day United Republic of Tanzania) and the Portuguese colony of Portuguese East Africa, totalling just 1000 km² (400 mi²). Originally, the Germans established this as their outpost south of the Rovuma River, and there was a settlement called Kionga of 4,000 inhabitants (1910), now Quionga. But in 1916, during World War I, the Portuguese occupied it.
Saipan is the largest island of the United States Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI), a chain of 15 tropical islands belonging to the Marianas archipelago in the western Pacific Ocean (15°10’51”N, 145°45’21”E) with a total area of 44.55 sq mi (115.4 km). The 2000 census population was 62,392. The Commonwealth's center of government is located in the village of Capital Hill on the island.
Tinian is one of the three principal islands of the Commonwealth of the Northern Marianas Islands (14°59’51”N, 145°37’39”E). It is perhaps best known for being the base from which the United States lauched their atomic bomb attacks on Japan during World War II.
German Samoa was a German protectorate from 1900 to 1914, consisting of the islands of Upolu, Savai'i, Apolima and Manono, now wholly within the independent state Samoa of today, formerly Western Samoa. Samoa was the last German colonial acquisition in the Pacific, received following the Tripartite Convention signed at Washington on 2 December 1899 with ratifications exchanged on 16 February 1900.
The Mariana Islands (also the Marianas; up to the early 20th century sometimes called Ladrones Islands, from Spanish Islas de los Ladrones meaning "Islands of Thieves") are an arc-shaped archipelago made up by the summits of 15 volcanic mountains in the north-western Pacific Ocean between the 12th and 21st parallels north and along the 145th meridian east. They are south of Japan and north of New Guinea, and immediately to the east of the Philippine Sea.
German New Guinea was a German protectorate from 1884 to 1914, consisting of the northeastern part of New Guinea and several nearby island groups. The mainland part of German New Guinea and the nearby islands of the Bismarck Archipelago are now part of Papua New Guinea, while the outer island groups in the Imperial German Pacfic Protectorates, obtained by Germany from Spain, are now administered by a number of different nations.
The German colonization of the Americas consisted of failed attempts to settle Venezuela (Klein-Venedig in German), St. Thomas, the Crab Island, Nicaragua and Tertholen in the 16th and 17th centuries. The Augsburg banking families of Anton and Bartholomeus Welser obtained rights to Venezuela from Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor and King of Spain, in 1528. These rights were negotiated by Heinrich Ehinger and Hieronymus Sailer, either independently or as agents of the Welsers.
German Cameroon was a West African colony of the German Empire from 1884 to 1916 in the region of today's Republic of Cameroon. The first German trading post in the Duala area of the Kamerun river delta was established in 1868 by the Hamburg trading company C. Woermann. The firm’s agent in Gabon, Johannes Thormählen, expanded activities to the Kamerun delta.
The Jiaozhou Bay is a sea gulf located in Qingdao Prefecture of Shandong Province. It was a German colonial concession from 1898 until 1914. Jiaozhou is the main town of the bay area in the history, which was romanized as Kiaochow, Kiauchau or Kiao-Chau in English and Kiautschou in German.
Farallon de Pajaros (from Spanish Farallón de los pájaros, meaning Birds Rock), also known as Urracas (from Spanish Urracas, meaning Magpies), is an uninhabited volcanic island, the northernmost island in the Northern Mariana Islands chain. Farallon de Pajaros has a land area of 2.55 km² (0.985 sq mi). It is 1.2 miles in diameter. The volcano at its centre has had many eruptions. Its Northern Mariana Islands neighbors include Saipan and Tinian.
Togoland was a German protectorate in West Africa from 1884 to 1914, encompassing what is now the nation of Togo and most of what is now Volta Region District, Ghana. The colony was established during the period generally known as Europe’s imperialist "Scramble for Africa". The German explorer, medical doctor, imperial consul and commissioner for West Africa Gustav Nachtigal was the driving force toward the establishment of the West African colonies of Togoland and Kamerun.
New Swabia is a section of the continent Antarctica between 20°E and 10°W (overlapping a portion of Norway's claim zone Queen Maud Land), which was claimed by Germany in January 1939. It was named after the German region of Swabia. Norway disputed Germany's claim, which was never recognized by any other government.
Rota also known as the "peaceful island", is the southernmost island of the United States Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI) and the second southernmost of the Marianas Archipelago. It lies approximately 40 miles north-northeast of the United States territory of Guam. Songsong village is the largest and most populated followed by Sinapalo village (Sinapalu). In 1521, the first European to see Rota, was the lookout on Magellan's ship Victoria, Lope Navarro.
The German East Africa Company was an organisation founded by Karl Peters on April 2, 1885, to govern German East Africa. The Company established the colony's first capital city at Bagamoyo, but soon moved the capital to Dar es Salaam. In 1888, the Company absorbed the bankrupt German Witu Society, which had been created to trade in the German protectorate of Wituland only a year and a half before.
Pagan Island is an island of the Northern Mariana Islands chain, located at 18°06′N 145°46′E / 18.10°N 145.76°E / 18.10; 145.76Coordinates: 18°06′N 145°46′E / 18.10°N 145.76°E / 18.10; 145.76, approximately 320 kilometers north of Saipan. Pagan has an area of 47.23 km² (18.24 sq mi), making it the fourth largest island of the Northern Marianas, and consists of two stratovolcanoes joined by a narrow strip of land.