Since the surrender after World War II and the return to the international community by the Treaty of San Francisco, Japanese diplomatic policy has been based on close partnership with the United States and the emphasis on the international cooperation such as the United Nations. In the Cold War, Japan took a part in the Western world's confrontation of the Soviet Union in East Asia.
The Treaty of Peace with Japan (commonly known as the Treaty of San Francisco or San Francisco Peace Treaty), between the Allied Powers and Japan, was officially signed by 49 nations on September 8, 1951 in San Francisco, California. It came into force on April 28, 1952. This treaty served to officially end World War II, to formally end Japan's position as an imperial power, and to allocate compensation to Allied civilians and former prisoners of war who had suffered Japanese war crimes.
The Plaza Accord or Plaza Agreement was an agreement between the governments of France, West Germany, Japan, the United States, and the United Kingdom, to depreciate the U.S. dollar in relation to the Japanese yen and German Deutsche Mark by intervening in currency markets. The five governments signed the accord on September 22, 1985 at the Plaza Hotel in New York City. The exchange rate value of the dollar versus the yen declined by 51% from 1985 to 1987.
The Japanese Iraq Reconstruction and Support Group or also known as the Japan Self-Defense Forces Iraq Reconstruction and Support Group refers to a battalion-sized, largely humanitarian contingent of the Japan Self-Defense Forces that was sent to Samawah, Southern Iraq in early January 2004 and withdrawn by late July 2006. Their duties had included tasks such as water purification, reconstruction and reestablishment of public facilities for the Iraqi people.
John Thomas Schieffer, known as Tom Schieffer (born October 4, 1947), is the most recent United States Ambassador to Japan, and served as U.S. Ambassador to Australia from 2001 to 2005. Schieffer is a friend and former business partner of President George W. Bush. He is the younger brother of Bob Schieffer, a CBS News reporter and host of Face the Nation.
The Ministry of Foreign Affairs is a Japanese government ministry. The Minister for Foreign Affairs is the Cabinet member in charge. The ministry is due to the second term of the third article of the National Government Organization Law, and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs Establishment Law establishes the ministry.
Anti-Japanese sentiment involves hatred, grievance, distrust, dehumanization, intimidation, fear, hostility, and/or general dislike of the Japanese people as ethnic or national group, Japan, Japanese culture, and/or anything Japanese. Sometimes the term Japanophobia is also used.
The list of war apology statements issued by Japan stretches across the decades after the Second World War was concluded. At the end of the Pacific War, the Japanese accepted the terms of the Potsdam Declaration. In 1945, unconditional surrender was formally confirmed about the USS Missouri. General Douglas MacArthur was named Supreme Commander of the Allied Powers (SCAP) in Japan. When Gen.
On the occasion of the 50th anniversary of the war's end (戦後50周年の終戦記念日にあたっての村山首相談話, Sengo 50 Shūnen no Shūsen Kinenbi Niatatte no Murayama Shushō Danwa), also known as Murayama Danwa, is a war apology statement made by Tomiichi Murayama, then Prime Minister of Japan, on August 15, 1995.
As of 2008 Japan struggles to join the UN Security Council with strong oppositions from Russia and the People's Republic of China. Until Japan makes former apologies with these countries, Japan's seat in the UN Security council is difficult. Japan regards international cooperation within the United Nations (UN) framework as a basic principle of its foreign policy.
The Japan International Cooperation Agency (独立行政法人国際協力機構 dokuritsu gyōseihōjin kokusai kyōryoku kikō) is an independent governmental agency that coordinates official development assistance (ODA) for the government of Japan. It is commonly known by the acronym "JICA". It is chartered with assisting economic and social growth in developing countries, and the promotion of international cooperation.
Before World War II, the Imperial Japanese Navy began construction of various airfields, fortifications, ports, and other military projects in the islands controlled under the South Pacific Mandate. It was from these fortifications in Palau, the Carolines and the Marshall Islands that a significant portion of the Japanese Navy disembarked towards the Philippines, New Guinea, Nauru and the Gilbert Islands during 1941-42 in the Pacific War.
Japanese foreign policy toward Southeast Asia, this diverse region, stretching from South Asia to the islands in the South Pacific Ocean, was in part defined by Japan's rapid rise in the 1980s as the dominant economic power in Asia. The decline in East-West and Sino-Soviet tensions during the 1980s suggested that economic rather than military power would determine regional leadership.
In its economic relations, Japan is both a major trading nation and one of the largest international investors in the world. In many respects, international trade is the lifeblood of Japan's economy. Imports and exports totaling the equivalent of nearly US$522 billion in 1990 meant that Japan was the world's third largest trading nation after the United States and the Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany).
Japan has three government institutions involved in disbursing foreign aid: the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA), the Overseas Economic Cooperation Fund (OECF), and the Japan Export-Import Bank (Exim Bank). JICA is responsible for technical cooperation; the OECF is responsible for soft loans; and the Exim Bank has not only a trade-financing role but also has become increasingly involved in lending for aid programs.
The primary responsibility for the Japanese foreign policy, as determined by the 1947 constitution, is exercised by the cabinet and subject to the overall supervision of the National Diet. The prime minister is required to make periodic reports on foreign relations to the Diet, whose upper and lower houses each have a foreign affairs committee. Each committee reports on its deliberations to plenary sessions of the chamber to which it belongs.
The Syngman Rhee Line refers to a boundary line established by South Korean President Syngman Rhee in his "Peace Line"(평화선) declaration of January 18, 1952, including Liancourt Rocks in Korean territory. The president has stated that the purpose of the line was to protect marine resources around the Sea of Japan, therefore it banned any fishing boat except for Korean from fishing around Liancourt Rocks, in particular.
In its balance of payments accounts, Japan has traditionally run a deficit in services. Trade in services includes transportation (freight and passenger fares), insurance, travel expenditures, royalties, licensing fees, and income from investments.
Africa has been the least important world region for Japan's trade and investment. Japan had little historical experience with Africa and little interest in economic ties with the region, except for development of raw material supplies. In 1990 Africa accounted for just over 1% of Japan's imports and for just over 1% of its exports. Japan's largest trading partner in Africa in 1990 was South Africa, which accounted for 30% of Japan's exports to Africa and 50% of Japan's imports from the region.