The Liberal Party of Canada, colloquially known as the Grits, is the oldest federally registered party in Canada. In the conventional political spectrum, the party lies on the centre-left. The party has been the Official Opposition in the Parliament of Canada since the 2006 federal election. The Liberal Party has dominated federal politics for much of Canada's history, holding power for almost 69 years in the 20th century, more than any other party in a developed country.
The Co-operative Commonwealth Federation (CCF) was a Canadian political party founded in 1932 in Calgary, Alberta, by a number of socialist, farm, co-operative and labour groups, and the League for Social Reconstruction. In 1944, it became the first socialist government in North America. In 1961, it disbanded and was replaced by the New Democratic Party. The full, but little used, name of the party was Co-operative Commonwealth Federation (Farmer-Labour-Socialist).
The Green Party of Canada is a Canadian federal political party founded in 1983 with 10,000–12,000 registered members as of October 2008. The Greens advance a broad multi-issue political platform that reflect its core values of ecological wisdom, social justice, grassroots democracy and non-violence. It has been led by Elizabeth May since August 26, 2006. The party broke 1% of the popular vote in the 2004 federal election, when it received 4.3% and qualified for federal funding.
The Progressive Party of Canada was a political party in Canada in the 1920s and 1930s. It was linked with the provincial United Farmers parties in several provinces and, in Manitoba, ran candidates and formed governments as the Progressive Party of Manitoba. The party was part of a farmers' political movement that included provincial Progressive and United Farmers' parties. The United Farmers movement in Canada rose to prominence after World War I.
The Communist Party of Canada is a communist political party in Canada. It is a minor political party without elected representation at present in either the federal Parliament or in any provincial legislature. Since the merger of the Conservative Party in the early 21st century, the Communist Party of Canada remains the second oldest registered party after the Liberal Party of Canada.
The Canadian Action Party (CAP) is a Canadian federal political party founded in 1997. It promotes Canadian nationalism, monetary reform, and electoral reform and opposes neoliberal globalization and free trade agreements.
The Marijuana Party of Canada is a Canadian federal political party whose short-form name that appears on the voting ballots as Radical Marijuana. It lobbies to end prohibition of cannabis. With the exception of this one issue, the party does not have "official policy" in any other area. Thus, party candidates are free to express their own personal views on all other political issues even if such views contradict the personal opinions of other party candidates or the party leader.
The Democratic Representative Caucus was a group of Canadian Members of Parliament who left the Canadian Alliance in 2001 in protest against the leadership of Stockwell Day. Day came under fire very shortly after his disappointing performance in the 2000 election, and soon came under the fire of members of his own caucus, and through the spring of 2001, several members of the Alliance resigned their shadow cabinet seats.
The Natural Law Party of Canada (NLPC) was the Canadian branch of the international Natural Law Party founded in 1992 by a group of educators, business leaders, and lawyers who practiced Transcendental Meditation. The magician Doug Henning was Senior Vice President of NLPC, and ran as the party's candidate for the former Toronto riding of Rosedale in the 1993 federal election, finishing sixth out of ten candidates. The party was led by Dr. Neil Paterson.
The Absolutely Absurd Party is a Canadian joke political party, which carries on the tradition of political satire most famously represented by the Rhinoceros Party of Canada. The party advocates many policies that are seen by many as jokes, including: Reducing the legal voting age to 14. "When was the last time a 14 year-old started a war?" In federal elections, the individual in dead last becomes the elected official, rather than the one with the most votes.
The Cosmopolitan Party of Canada is a minor socially progressive political party in Canada that began to develop in the 2000s. The party promotes human rights social justice cultural diversity universality of social programs, including access to basic amenities of life, public healthcare, and higher education environmental protection Canadian sovereignty. The party has representatives in about 75 ridings across the country who organize discussion groups called "political cafés".
The Christian Heritage Party of Canada, also referred to as CHP Canada, is a federal political party that advocates that Canada be governed according to Biblical principles. It believes "The Holy Bible to be the inspired, inerrant written Word of God and the final authority above all man's laws and government". This socially and fiscally conservative party held its founding convention in Hamilton, Ontario in November 1987, where Ed Vanwoudenberg was elected its first leader.
The Reconstruction Party was a Canadian political party founded by Henry Herbert Stevens, a long-time Conservative Member of Parliament (MP). Stevens served as Minister of Trade in the Arthur Meighen government of 1921, and as Minister of Trade and Commerce from 1930 to 1934 in the Depression-era government of R. B. Bennett. He was Chairman of the Price-Spreads Commission in 1934. Stevens argued for drastic economic reform and government intervention in the economy.
The Bloc populaire was a political party in the Canadian province of Quebec founded on September 8, 1942 by opponents of conscription during World War II. At the federal level it was named Bloc populaire canadien.
The Social Credit Party of Canada was a conservative-populist political party in Canada that promoted social credit theories of monetary reform. It was the federal wing of the Canadian social credit movement.
The Parti nationaliste du Québec was a fringe Quebec-based federal political party in Canada, that advocated sovereignty of Quebec and was founded by Parti Québécois (PQ) supporters. Its primary goal was to represent Quebec's interests in Ottawa and serve as a federal wing for the PQ.
The National Party of Canada was a short-lived Canadian political party that contested the 1993 federal election. The party should not be confused by an earlier and unrelated National Party that was founded in 1979.
The Socialist Party of Canada (SPC) is the name of two different but related parties that have existed in Canadian history. The current Socialist Party is an electorally inactive and unregistered federal political party in Canada. The first Socialist Party of Canada existed from 1904 to 1925; the second has existed since June 1931 when it was relaunched by some members of the first party, but has not run a candidate at the federal level since 1961.
The Confederation of Regions Party (CoR) was a right-wing Canadian political party founded in 1984 by Elmer Knutson. It was founded as a successor to the Western Canada Federation (West-Fed), a non-partisan organization, to fight the Liberal Party of Canada.
The Western Canada Concept was a Western Canadian political party founded in 1980 to promote the separation of the provinces of Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta and British Columbia and the Yukon and Northwest Territories from Canada in order to create a new nation. The party argued that Western Canada could not receive fair treatment while the interests of Quebec and Ontario dominated Canadian politics.
The Rest of Canada Party was a Canadian political party that intended to run candidates in all provinces outside of Ontario and Quebec, which the party believed were unfairly running the country. The party planned to form a coalition government with the Bloc Québécois if ever elected.
The National Alternative Party was a shortlived political party that was created to fill the lack of a united party on the right in Canada. It was registered with Elections Canada in February 2002. This Alma, Quebec-based party was launched on March 4, 2003 at a press conference at the Charles Lynch Press Gallery in the Parliament of Canada by the leader of the party, Gilles Lavoie. Lavoie had been an unsuccessful independent candidate in the November 2000 federal election.