The Xanas are nymphs and fairies that may be found in the mythology of Asturias. Derived from Celtic mythology, they are said to live near streams, spending the day singing beautiful songs and combing their hair. See Xana to read the full Wikipedia article.
Whuppity Stoorie is a Scottish fairy tale collected by Robert Chambers in Popular Rhymes of Scotland. It is Aarne-Thompson type 500, The Name of the Helper. This categorizes it with Rumpelstiltskin, although guessing the name of a helper to rescue a baby is the only common motif.
This is a list of beings referred to as fairies that are not so called in their native folklore. *The Aziza are a beneficent fairy race from Africa, specifically Dahomey. An alux is a type of sprite or spirit in the mythological tradition of certain Maya peoples from the Yucatán Peninsula. The Aos Sí or sídhe are a powerful, supernatural race in Irish mythology. The Curupira is a male supernatural being which guards the forest in Tupi mythology.
Teind is a Scots word for tithe meaning a tenth part of. In Scotland, a teind was a tithe derived from the produce of the land for the maintenance of the clergy. It is also an old lowland term for a tribute due to be paid by the fairies to the devil every seven years. Found in the story of Tam Lin as well as in the ballad of Thomas the Rhymer.
A fairy path (or ‘passage’, ‘avenue’, or ‘pass’) is a route taken by fairies according to Celtic folklore, usually in a straight line and between sites of traditional significance, such as fairy forts or raths (a class of circular earthwork dating from the Iron Age), “airy” (eerie) mountains and hills, thorn bushes, springs, lakes, rock outcrops, and Stone Age monuments. Ley lines and spirit paths, such as with corpse roads, have some similarities with these fairy paths.
Maria Cacao is the diwata or mountain goddess associated with Mount Lantoy in Argao, Cebu, Philippines, similar to Maria Makiling of Los Baños and Maria Sinukuan of Mount Arayat. The basic form of the legend is that whenever rains flood the river that comes from Mount Lantoy, or a bridge is broken, this is a sign that Maria Cacao and her husband Mangao have either traveled down the river in their golden ship so that they can export their crops, or traveled up the river on their way back.
Tylwyth Teg is a common Welsh euphemism for fairies, which means "the Fair Folk. " Sometimes called "Bendith y Mamau" which means "Blessing of the Mothers". In many accounts, their king is said to be Gwyn ap Nudd. They are associated with a number of places in Wales, including the lake called Llyn y Fan Fach. Calling fairies by a favorable name was hoped to avert kidnapping in which the fairies would typically leave a sickly changeling child in the place of the healthy child they had stolen.
Caoineag (konyack) is a Scottish spirit, her name meaning ‘the weeper’ and one of the names given to the Highland Banshee, Caointeach is another. Within Celtic mythology, she is a variant of the Bean-Nighe, known as the 'Washer at the Ford' and belonged to the class of Fuath, evil water spirits. Unlike the Bean Nighe, she is heard but never seen, and cannot be approached to grant wishes. She is closer to the Irish banshee, Bean Sidhe and a possible transitional phase of the stories.
When young children, specially girls, wake from an evening's slumber with tangles and snarls in their hair, mothers with a tradition of fairy folklore might whisper to their daughters that they had caught fairy locks or elf-locks. Faeries, they say, tangled and knotted the hairs of the sleeping children as they played in and out of their hair at night.
A kilmoulis is an ugly version of the brownie, a type of fairy, who haunts mills. He has an enormous nose and no mouth. This lack of an orifice forces him to inhale his food through his nose. The Kilmoulis works hard for the miller, but also delights in tricks and pranks. While his pranks may be a hindrance, he is generally enough help to offset the food he eats and the disturbances he causes.
Maggy Moulach is a character from fairy folklore said to be a Highland Brownie. According to the folklore of Maggy Moulach, she had a son named Brownie-Clod, who was said to be a Dobie. A Dobie is a somewhat dull-witted, though well-intentioned, variety of brownie.
In English folklore an Asrai is a type of aquatic fairy, similar in some ways to mermaids, nixies, selkies, sirens or morgens. Some sources describe them as timid and shy, standing only between 2 and 4 feet tall, while others depict them as tall and lithe. They are said to look like beautiful young maidens, sometimes as young as children, while actually being hundreds of years old. They may have webbed hands and feet, resembling some descriptions of selkies.
Fat Lips (or Fatlips) is the name given to a legendary spirit dwelling in Dryburgh Abbey in Berwickshire, Scotland. The spirit was associated with a hermit woman who took up residence in a vault among the ruins of the abbey some time after the 1745 Jacobite Rebellion. The woman claimed that the spirit tidied the room whilst she was away, and kept the cell she lived in dry by stamping moisture away from the ground with his heavy iron boots.
In contemporary fantasy literature, a stray sod is a clump of grass enchanted by faeries. If a person steps on one, they will become disorientated and lost, even in familiar surroundings. Wearing an item of clothing inside-out breaks the enchantment, allowing the person to find their way again. In other writing and in speech, the phrase "stepped on a stray sod" can be used metaphorically to denote sudden, unexpected or inexplicable disorientation.
Il-Belliegħa is a Maltese monster that inhabits wells. The belliegħa is said to extend its foot (covered in toes) and snatch away children. It also eats worms and eels. It has supernatural control over water, and is capable of causing wells to dry up or overflow. Il-Belliegħa means "the swallower".
A brownie/brounie or urisk or brùnaidh, ùruisg, or gruagach is a legendary kind of creature popular in folklore around Scotland and England (especially the north, though more commonly hobs have this role). It is the Scottish and Northern English counterpart of the Scandinavian tomte, the Slavic domovoi or the German Heinzelmännchen.
A hag is a wizened old woman, or a kind of fairy or goddess having the appearance of such a woman, often found in folklore and children's tales such as Hansel and Gretel. Hags are often seen as malevolent, but may also be one of the chosen forms of shapeshifting deities, such as the Morrígan or Badb, who are seen as neither wholly beneficent nor malevolent. The term appears in Middle English, and might be short for hægtesse, an Old English term for witch.
The Hag of the mist, known in Welsh as the Gwrach-y-Rhibyn or the Cyoeraeth, is a hag spirit comparable to the Irish banshee. Like the banshee, the Hag of the mist is portrayed as an ugly woman, whose shriek or cry is said to forewarn of misfortune or death. Often invisible, she can sometimes be seen at a crossroads or stream when the mist rises. Her shriek warns of coming misfortune or even death.