The Queen Charlotte Islands Caribou (Rangifer tarandus dawsoni) or Dawson's Caribou is an extinct animal that had once lived in Graham Island, British Columbia, Canada. Possible causes of extinction include habitat destruction, introduced disease and overhunting. It is believed to have been gray in appearance.
The Panay Giant Fruit Bat (Acerodon lucifer) is a fruit bat from the Philippines that was assessed to be extinct in 1996. The cause of extinction was probably the destruction of their forest habitat by humans. Another accompanying cause might have been the overhunting of this species. Many of them appeared in camps during World War II.
The Syrian elephant (Elephas maximus asurus) is a proposed name for the westernmost population of the Asian Elephant (Elephas maximus) which became extinct in ancient times. Syrian elephants were among the largest elephants in historic times, measuring 3.5 metres (11 ft 6 in) or more at the shoulder. Ancient Syrian craftsmen used the tusks of E. m. asurus to make ivory carvings.
Verhoeven's Giant Tree Rat (Papagomys theodorverhoeveni) lived in Indonesia. It was assessed as being extinct in 1996. However, experts believed that it died out before 1500 AD. The species is known only from several subfossil fragments found on the island of Flores in Indonesia.
The Flores Cave Rat (Spelaeomys florensis) lived on Flores Island, Indonesia. MacPhee and Flemming assessed this species to be extinct in 1996, but believed it probably died out before 1500 A.D. This specimen is only known from a few subfossil fragments. It is the only member of the genus Spelaeomys.
The Cebu Warty Pig (Sus cebifrons cebifrons) previously lived in Cebu, Philippines before becoming extinct in modern times, primarily due to habitat destruction. This pig was assessed to be extinct in 2000. The main species, Sus cebifrons, the Visayan Warty Pig, still found in the Philippines, is itself facing extinction.
The St Kilda House Mouse (Mus musculus muralis) was a subspecies of the house mouse found only on the islands of the St Kilda archipelago of northwest Scotland. It is uncertain when they first arrived on the islands, but it is possible that they unwittingly were transported there during the Norse period.
The Forest horse also known as the Warmblood subspecies or Diluvial Horse, now extinct, is a postulate of the Four Foundations theory that argues that there were between four and seven primitive subtypes that preceded the development of the domestic horse, each adapted to a given ecosystem. This subtype is thought to have evolved into the warmblood horses of northern Europe, as well as being an ancestor of some of the older breeds of "heavy horses" such as the Ardennes.
The Giant Aye-aye (Daubentonia robusta) is an extinct relative of the Aye-aye, the only other species in the genus Daubentonia. It lived in Madagascar. It appears to have disappeared less than 1,000 years ago, but is entirely unknown in life, and only known from subfossil remains. As of 2004, Giant Aye-aye remains consisted of 4 incisors, a tibia, and postcranial material.
Pachylemur is an extinct genus of lemur most closely related to the ruffed lemurs. Its two representative species, Pachylemur insignis and Pachylemur jullyi, are only known from subfossil remains found at sites in central and southwestern Madagascar. It may have survived in the extreme south of Madagascar until as recently as 1280-1420 CE.