Peter Stuyvesant (originally Pieter or Petrus; Peter is never mentioned in historical records) (c. 1612 – August 1672) served as the last Dutch Director-General of the colony of New Netherland (New York) from 1647 until it was ceded provisionally to the English in 1664. He was a major figure in the early history of New York City. Stuyvesant's accomplishments as director-general included a great expansion for the settlement of New Amsterdam beyond the southern tip of Manhattan.
Willem "Wim" Kok (born 29 September 1938) is a retired Dutch politician of the Dutch Labour Party who served as Prime Minister of the Netherlands from 22 August 1994 until 22 July 2002. He is a former trade union leader who succeeded Joop den Uyl as party leader of the Dutch Labour Party in 1986. After three years in the opposition he became Minister of Finance and Deputy Prime Minister in the Lubbers III Cabinet.
Wilhelmus Simon Petrus Fortuijn, known as Pim Fortuyn (February 19, 1948 – May 6, 2002) was a Dutch politician, author, public servant, sociologist and professor who formed his own party, Pim Fortuyn List (Lijst Pim Fortuyn or LPF). Fortuyn was the centre of several controversies for his views about immigrants and Islam. He called Islam "a backward culture" and said that if it were legally possible he would close the borders for Muslim immigrants.
Hans Janmaat (November 3, 1934, Nes aan de Amstel - June 9, 2002, The Hague) was a right politician in the Netherlands. He represented the Centrumpartij and his own Centrum Democraten political parties in the House of Representatives, the Dutch lower house of parliament, between 1982 and 1998, when his party lost all of its (three) seats in parliament. Thus, he withdrew from politics.
Jan Peter Balkenende (born May 7, 1956) is a Dutch politician of the Christian Democratic Appeal party and since July 22, 2002 the Prime Minister of the Netherlands. He has led four coalition governments, none of which served a full 4-year term.
Joseph Marie Antoine Hubert (August 28, 1911 - July 17, 2002) was a Dutch politician and diplomat of the dissolved Catholic People's Party now merged into the Christian Democratic Appeal. He served as the fifth Secretary General of NATO from October 1, 1971 until June 25, 1984.
Hugo Grotius (also known as Huig de Groot or Hugo de Groot; 10 April 1583 – 28 August 1645) worked as a jurist in the Dutch Republic. With Francisco de Vitoria and Alberico Gentili he laid the foundations for international law, based on natural law. He was also a philosopher, theologian, Christian apologist, playwright, and poet.
Willem Frederik "Wim" Duisenberg (9 July 1935 - 31 July 2005) was a Dutch politician of the Dutch Labour Party who was the first President of the European Central Bank from 1 July 1998 until 30 October 2003. He was instrumental in the Introduction of the euro in the European Union in 2002. He was also credited for making numeral improvements for the Economy of the Netherlands.
Rudolphus Franciscus Marie Lubbers or Ruud Lubbers (born May 7, 1939) is a Dutch politician of the Christian Democratic Appeal party, who served as Prime Minister of the Netherlands from November 4, 1982 until August 22, 1994. A political conservative, Lubbers was regarded by many during his time in office as an ideological heir to Margaret Thatcher. One of his campaign slogans was: "meer markt, minder overheid" (more market, less government).
Andreas Antonius Maria "Dries" van Agt (born February 2, 1931) is a retired Dutch politician of the Christian Democratic Appeal party who served as Prime Minister of the Netherlands from December 19, 1977 until November 4, 1982.
Johannes Marten "Joop" den Uyl (August 9, 1919 - December 24, 1987) was a Dutch politician of the Dutch Labour Party who served as Prime Minister of the Netherlands from May 11, 1973 until December 19, 1977. He was seen as an idealistic, but also polarizing politician. Throughout history, Dutch political leaders have tended to soothing manners - Den Uyl was one of a relatively few exceptions. People either loved him or hated him.
Barend Willem Biesheuvel (April 5, 1920 - April 29, 2001) was a Dutch politician of the dissolved Anti Revolutionary Party now merged into the Christian Democratic Appeal. He served as Prime Minister of the Netherlands from July 6, 1971 until May 11, 1973.
Petrus Josef Sietse "Piet" de Jong (born April 3, 1915) is a retired Dutch politician of the dissolved Catholic People's Party now merged into the Christian Democratic Appeal. He served as Prime Minister of the Netherlands from April 5, 1967 until July 6, 1971. A veteran naval officer he commanded several ships during World War II. He is currently the oldest living former Prime Minister of the Netherlands, and is one of the Longest lived state leaders at the age of 94.
Jelle Zijlstra (August 27, 1918 - December 23, 2001) was a Dutch politician of the dissolved Anti Revolutionary Party now merged into the Christian Democratic Appeal. He served as Prime Minister of the Netherlands from November 22, 1966 until April 5, 1967. A successful economist he later served as President of the Dutch Bank from May 1, 1967 until January 1, 1982. He was widely respected for his expertise and integrity.
Willem Drees (July 5, 1886 – May 14, 1988) was a Dutch politician of the Dutch Labour Party and Prime Minister of the Netherlands from August 7, 1948 until December 22, 1958. He is praised by many as the most important Dutch politician after World War II for his important contributions and social reforms laws. Drees was chosen as the best Prime Minister of the Netherlands after World War II after a opinion polling conducted by the VPRO in 2006.
Jozef Maria Laurens Theo "Jo" Cals (July 18, 1914 - December 30, 1971) was a Dutch politician of the dissolved Catholic People's Party now merged into the Christian Democratic Appeal. He served as Prime Minister of the Netherlands from April 14, 1965 until November 22, 1966.
Edward Brongersma (born in Haarlem, Netherlands, on August 31, 1911 and died in Bloemendaal/Overveen, Netherlands on April 22, 1998) was a Dutch politician and doctor of law. For a number of years he was a member of the Dutch Senate for the Labour Party, and chairman of the Senate Judiciary Committee (1969–1977). He was primarily known as a defender of the rights of paedophiles and an advocate of more liberal legislation on public morality.
Dirk Uipko Stikker (February 5, 1897 - December 23, 1979) was a Dutch banker, industrialist, politician, and diplomat. Born in Winschoten, he studied law at the University of Groningen. After his studies he began a career in the banking sector. In 1935, he became director of Heineken International, the famous beer company. He held this post until 1948.
Wouter Jacob Bos (born 14 July 1963 in Vlaardingen) is a former Dutch politician of the Dutch Labour Party who was Minister of Finance and Deputy Prime Minister in the Cabinet Balkenende IV from February 22, 2007 till February 23, 2010. He has been political leader of the Dutch Labour Party since November 17, 2002 - but announced his leave from politics on March 12, 2010 .
Abraham Kuijper (Maassluis, 29 October 1837– Den Haag, 8 November 1920) generally known as Abraham Kuyper, was a Dutch politician, journalist, statesman and theologian. He founded the Anti-Revolutionary Party and was prime minister of the Netherlands between 1901 and 1905.
Jakob Gijsbert "Jaap" de Hoop Scheffer (born 3 April 1948) is a Dutch politician who served as 11th Secretary General of NATO from 2004 to 2009. De Hoop Scheffer served as the Dutch foreign minister, and was an important figure in the Dutch decision to participate in the 2003 invasion of Iraq.
Paul van Buitenen (born 28 May 1957 in Breda) is a Member of the European Parliament for the Netherlands and a European civil servant on unpaid leave during his stint as MEP. He was a Dutch assistant-auditor in the European Commission’s Financial Control Directorate becoming the whistleblower who first drew the attention of a Member of the European Parliament to the irregularities, fraud and mismanagement within the Commission in 1998.
Frederik "Frits" Bolkestein (born 4 April 1933) is a Dutch politician and former European Commissioner. He was the leader of the market liberal People's Party for Freedom and Democracy. In the European Commission, Bolkestein was responsible for Internal Market, Taxation and Customs Union issues.