Alexander III (4 September 1241 – 19 March 1286), King of Scots, was born at Roxburgh, the only son of Alexander II by his second wife Marie de Coucy. Alexander's father died on 6 July 1249 and he became king at the age of eight, inaugurated at Scone on 13 July 1249. The years of his minority featured an embittered struggle for the control of affairs between two rival parties, the one led by Walter Comyn, Earl of Menteith, the other by Alan Durward, Justiciar of Scotia.
Frederick I Barbarossa (1122 – 10 June 1190) was elected King of Germany at Frankfurt on 4 March 1152 and crowned in Aachen on 9 March, crowned King of Italy in Pavia in 1154, and finally crowned Holy Roman Emperor by Pope Adrian IV on 18 June 1155. He was crowned King of Burgundy at Arles on 30 June 1178. The name Barbarossa came from the northern Italian cities he attempted to rule, and means "red beard" in Italian.
Sir Robert Peel, 2nd Baronet (5 February 1788 – 2 July 1850) was the Conservative Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 10 December 1834 to 8 April 1835, and again from 30 August 1841 to 29 June 1846. He helped create the modern concept of the police force (leading to officers being known as "bobbies", in England, or Peelers, in Ireland, to this day) while Home Secretary, oversaw the formation of the Conservative Party out of the shattered Tory Party, and repealed the Corn Laws.
William III (14 November 1650 – 8 March 1702) was a sovereign Prince of Orange by birth. From 1672 he governed as Stadtholder William III of Orange over Holland, Zeeland, Utrecht, Guelders, and Overijssel of the Dutch Republic. From 1689 he reigned as William III over England and Ireland, and as William II over Scotland. He is informally known in Northern Ireland and Scotland as "King Billy".
Flavius Theodosius (10 April 401 – 28 July 450), called the Calligrapher, known in English as Theodosius II, was a Eastern Roman Emperor (408-450). He is mostly known for promulgating the Theodosian law code as well for the Theodosian Walls of Constantinople. He also presided over the outbreak of two great christological controversies.
Pedro de Alvarado y Contreras was a Spanish conquistador and governor of Guatemala. Known for his skill as a soldier, Alvarado's cruelty to native populations is represented in various sources, including the Lienzo de Quauhquechollan, wherein his conquest is depicted. This document shows that he enslaved natives, and murdered them by means such as hanging, burning, and throwing them to dogs.
Louis IV (10 September 920 – 30 September 954), called d'Outremer or Transmarinus (both meaning "from overseas"), reigned as King of Western Francia from 936 to 954. He was a member of the Carolingian dynasty, the son of Charles III and Eadgifu of England, a daughter of King Edward the Elder.
Seleucus II Callinicus or Pogon, was a ruler of the Hellenistic Seleucid Empire, who reigned from 246 to 225 BC. After the death of this father, Antiochus, he was proclaimed king by his mother, Laodice in Ephesos, while her partisans at Antioch murdered Berenice and her son. This dynastic feud began the Third Syrian War. Ptolemy III, who was Berenice's brother and the ruler of Egypt, invaded the Seleucid Empire and marched victoriously to the Tigris or beyond.
John I (August 24, 1358 – October 9, 1390) was the king of Castile, was the son of Henry II and of his wife Juana Manuel of Castile, daughter of Juan Manuel, Duke of Penafiel, head of a younger branch of the royal house of Castile. His first marriage, with Eleanor of Aragon on June 18, 1375, produced most of his issue, including the future Kings Henry III of Castile and Ferdinand I of Aragon.
Fulk (1089/1092 in Angers – 13 November 1143 in Acre), also known as Fulk the Younger, was Count of Anjou (as Fulk V) from 1109 to 1129, and King of Jerusalem from 1131 to his death. He was also the paternal grandfather of Henry II of England.
Samuel Wilberforce (7 September 1805 – 19 July 1873) was an English bishop in the Church of England, third son of William Wilberforce. Known as "Soapy Sam", Wilberforce was one of the greatest public speakers of his day. The nickname derives from a comment by Benjamin Disraeli that the Bishop's manner was "unctuous, oleaginous, saponaceous" .
Arthur Brian Deane Faulkner, Baron Faulkner of Downpatrick, PC (18 February 1921 – 3 March 1977) was the sixth and last Prime Minister of Northern Ireland from March 1971 until his resignation in March 1972. He was also the first Chief Executive of the Northern Ireland Executive and the Northern Ireland Assembly.
Eadgils, Adils, Aðils, Adillus, Aðísl at Uppsölum, Athisl, Athislus, Adhel was a semi-legendary king of Sweden, who is estimated to have lived during the 6th century. Beowulf and Old Norse sources present him as the son of Ohthere and as belonging to the ruling Yngling (Scylfing) clan.
Philip of Burgundy (November 10, 1323 - August 10, 1346) was Count of Auvergne and Boulogne and the only son and heir of Eudes IV, Duke of Burgundy by his wife, Joan of France, daughter of king Philip V and Jeanne II, Countess of Burgundy. He married Joanna, Countess of Auvergne and Boulogne in c. 1338. Philip was supposed to inherit the Duchy of Burgundy, County of Artois and Palatine County of Burgundy, but he died prematurely by a kick of a farmer's horse, that caught him in the head.
Francis II (in Breton Frañsez II, in French François II) (23 June 1433 – 9 September 1488) was Duke of Brittany from 1458 to his death. He was the son of Count Richard of Étampes and the grandson of the late Duke John V. Francis' life was characterised by conflicts with King Louis XI of France and with his son King Charles VIII. Francis II was married twice, first to his cousin Marguerite of Brittany, first daughter of Duke Francis I, then to Margaret of Foix, princess of Navarre.
William Wyatt Bibb (October 2, 1781 – July 10, 1820) was a United States Senator from Georgia the first Governor of the U.S. state of Alabama. Bibb County, Alabama, and Bibb County, Georgia, are named for him. He was a member of the Democratic-Republican political party. Bibb served as governor of the Alabama Territory from August 1817 to Dec. 1819, and as governor of the state of Alabama from Dec. 1819 to his death on July 10, 1820.
Hans Gruyters (1925?–1980) was a Dutch criminal. In the 1950s, he was a car salesman in Noord-Brabant, Netherlands. His nickname was the Black Rider, because he once appeared completely dressed in black at a party. On 15 November 1954, he shot J. van Dieten, a post office employee in Ravenstein. He was 29 at the time, and had already been convicted six times for smaller offences.