Hermes is the great messenger of the gods in Greek mythology and additionally as a guide to the Underworld. An Olympian god, he is also the patron of boundaries and of the travelers who travel across them, of shepherds and cowherds, of the cunning of thieves and liars, of orators and wit, of literature and poets, of athletics and sports, of weights and measures, of invention, and of commerce in general.
Mercury was a messenger, and a god of trade, profit and commerce, the son of Maia Maiestas, also known as Ops, the Roman version of Rhea, and Jupiter in Roman mythology. His name is related to the Latin word merx ("merchandise"; compare merchant, commerce, etc. ), mercari (to trade), and merces (wages). In his earliest forms, he appears to have been related to the Etruscan deity Turms, but most of his characteristics and mythology were borrowed from the analogous Greek deity, Hermes.
In Roman mythology, Eventus Bonus ("good ending") was a god of success both in commerce and in agriculture. He ensured profits and good harvests. He had a temple in Rome and a statue on the Capitoline Hill. He is closely related to the Goddess Fortuna, for obvious reason, and is visible across the Roman world. For example he appears on coins from the late second century AD, under Septimius Severus, and from Antioch in the early-mid third century AD, under Elagabalus.
In Roman mythology, Sancus (also known as Sangus or Semo Sancus) was the god of loyalty, honesty, and oaths. His cult is one of the most ancient of Romans, probably derived from Etruscan or Oscan influences.
In Etruscan mythology, Turms was the equivalent of Greek Hermes, god of trade and the messenger god between people and gods. Turms is also a character in a book by Mika Waltari "Turms the Immortal" which takes place at the end times of Etruscan civilization.
Veles also known as Volos (listed as a Christian saint in Old Russian texts) is a major Slavic god of earth, waters and the underworld, associated with dragons, cattle, magic, musicians, wealth and trickery. He is also the opponent of thunder-god Perun, and the battle between two of them constitutes one of the most important myths of Slavic mythology.
Al-Kutbay was a Nabataean god of knowledge, commerce, writing, and prophecy. The name means, roughly, "the scribe"; it comes from the Arabic root ktb which means 'to write. ' A carving at the foot of Jebal Rumm, discovered in 1959 by J. Strugell, is dedicated to al-Kutbay. Another inscription in Wadi Es Siyyagh, on the way to the main spring of Petra, contains the phrase "in front of Kutbay, this very god. " Other sites around Arabia contain inscriptions dedicated to him.
Cissonius (also Cisonius, Cesonius) was an ancient Gaulish god. After Visucius, Cissonius was the most common name of the Gaulish Mercury; around seventeen inscriptions dedicated to him extend from France and Southern Germany into Switzerland. Cissonius was represented either as a bearded, helmeted man riding a ram and carrying a wine cup, or else as a young man with winged helmet and herald's staff accompanied by a rooster and goat.