Hans Christian Andersen (April 2, 1805 – August 4, 1875) was a Danish author and poet noted for his children's stories. These include "The Steadfast Tin Soldier", "The Snow Queen", "The Little Mermaid", "Thumbelina", "The Little Match Girl", and the "The Ugly Duckling". During his lifetime he was acclaimed for having delighted children worldwide, and was feted by royalty. His poetry and stories have been translated into more than 150 languages.
Italo Calvino (15 October 1923 – 19 September 1985) was an Italian journalist and writer of short stories and novels. His best known works include the Our Ancestors trilogy (1952-1959), the Cosmicomics collection of short stories (1965), and the novels Invisible Cities (1972) and If on a winter's night a traveler (1979). Lionised in Britain and America, he was the most-translated contemporary Italian writer at the time of his death, and a noted contender for the Nobel Prize for Literature.
Patrick Lafcadio Hearn (27 June 1850 – 26 September 1904), also known as Koizumi Yakumo after gaining Japanese citizenship, was an author, best known for his books about Japan. He is especially well-known for his collections of Japanese legends and ghost stories, such as '.
The Brothers Grimm, Jacob (4 January 1785 - 20 September 1863) and Wilhelm Grimm (24 February 1786 - 16 December 1859), were academics who were best known for publishing collections of folk tales and fairy tales, which became popular. Jacob also did academic work in linguistics, related to how the sounds in words shift over time, and together they wrote a German dictionary.
Charles Perrault foi um escritor e poeta francês do século XVII, que estabeleceu bases para um novo gênero literário, o conto de fadas, além de ter sido o primeiro a dar acabamento literário a esse tipo de literatura, feito que lhe conferiu o título de Pai da Literatura Infantil. Suas histórias mais conhecidas são Le Petit Chaperon rouge, La Belle au bois dormant, Le Maître chat ou le Chat botté, Cendrillon ou la petite pantoufle de verre, La Barbe bleue e Le Petit Poucet.
Andrew Lang was a prolific Scots man of letters. He was a poet, novelist, and literary critic, and contributor to anthropology. He now is best known as one of the most important collectors of folk and fairy tales. The Andrew Lang lectures at the University of St Andrews are named for him.
Arthur Mitchell Ransome (18 January 1884 – 3 June 1967) was an English author and journalist, best known for writing the Swallows and Amazons series of children's books. These tell of school-holiday adventures of children, mostly in the Lake District and the Norfolk Broads. Many of the books involve sailing; other common subjects include fishing and camping.
Queen Fabiola of Belgium (née Fabiola Fernanda María de las Victorias Antonia Adelaida de Mora y Aragón; born Madrid, 11 June 1928) is the widow of King Baudouin of Belgium. She was Queen consort of the Belgians for 33 years. Since her husband's death in 1993, she has been styled HM Queen Fabiola of Belgium.
Joseph Ritson (2 October 1752 – 23 September 1803) was an English antiquary. He was born at Stockton-on-Tees, of a Westmorland yeoman family. He was educated for the law, and settled in London as a conveyancer at the age of twenty-two. He devoted his spare time to literature, and in 1782 published an attack on Thomas Warton's History of English Poetry.
Antoine Galland (April 4, 1646 – February 17, 1715) was a French orientalist and archaeologist, most famous as the first European translator of The Thousand and One Nights (also known as The Arabian Nights in English). His version of the tales appeared in twelve volumes between 1704 and 1717 and exerted a huge influence on subsequent European literature and attitudes to the Islamic world.
Friedrich Reinhold Kreutzwald (26 December 1803 at the Jõepere Manor in Kadrina, Lääne-Viru County — 25 August 1882 in Tartu) was an Estonian writer and physician who is considered to be the father of Estonia's national literature.
Giovanni Francesco (or Gianfrancesco) Straparola (Caravaggio, c. 1480 - c. 1557) was an Italian writer and fairy tale collector. He has been termed the progenitor of the literary form of the fairy tale in Europe. Charles Perrault borrowed most of his stories from Giovanni Francesco Straparola and Giambattista Basile. While his given name is likely to have been "Giovanni Francesco", the last name of "Straparola" is not plausible.
John Francis Campbell (Iain Frangan Caimbeul, known in Scottish Gaelic as Iain Òg Ìle; born in Islay, 29 December 1821 - died in Cannes, 17 February 1885), Celtic scholar, educated at Eton and Edinburgh, was afterwards Secretary to the Lighthouse Commission. He was an authority on Celtic folklore, and published the bilingual Popular Tales of the West Highlands (4 vols. , 1860-62), and Gaelic various texts.
Algernon Bertram Freeman-Mitford, 1st Baron Redesdale GCVO, KCB (24 February 1837 – 17 August 1916), of Batsford Park, Gloucestershire, and Birdhope Craig, Northumberland, was a British diplomat, collector and writer. Nicknamed "Barty", he was the paternal grandfather of the Mitford sisters.
Jack David Zipes is an American retired Professor of German at the University of Minnesota, who has published and lectured on the subject of fairy tales, their linguistic roots, and argued that they have a "socialization function". According to Zipes, fairy tales "serve a meaningful social function, not just for compensation but for revelation: the worlds projected by the best of our fairy tales reveal the gaps between truth and falsehood in our immediate society.
Jørgen Engebretsen Moe (1813-1882) was a Norwegian bishop and author. He is best known for the Norske Folkeeventyr, a collection of Norwegian folk tales which he edited in collaboration with Peter Christen Asbjørnsen. To Norwegians, the names Asbjørnsen and Moe have become synonymous with traditional folk tales, the way the name "Brothers Grimm" is associated with German tales.
Peter Christen Asbjørnsen (1812-1885) was a Norwegian writer and scholar. He and Jørgen Engebretsen Moe (1813-1882) were collectors of Norwegian folklore. They were so closely united in their lives' work that their folk tale collections are commonly mentioned only as "Asbjørnsen and Moe".
Marie-Catherine Le Jumel de Barneville, Baronne d'Aulnoy (1650/1651–4 January 1705) was a French writer known for her fairy tales. When she termed her works contes de fée (fairy tales), she originated the term that is now generally used for the genre.
Émile Souvestre (April 15, 1806 – July 5, 1854) was a French novelist who was a native of Morlaix, Finistère. He was the son of a civil engineer and was educated at the college of Pontivy, with the intention of following his father's career by entering the Polytechnic School. However, his father died in 1823 and he matriculated as a law student at Rennes but soon devoted himself to literature.
Yei Theodora Ozaki was an early 20th century translator of Japanese short stories and fairy tales. Her translations were fairly liberal but have been popular, and were reprinted several times after her death. According to "A Biographical Sketch" by Mrs. Hugh Fraser, included in the introductory material to Warriors of old Japan, and other stories, Ozaki came from an unusual background.
Johann Karl August Musäus (29 March 1735 – 28 October 1787) was a German author from Jena. He studied theology at the university of Jena, and would have become the pastor of a parish but for the resistance of some peasants, who objected that he had been known to dance. From 1760–62 Musäus published in three volumes his first work, Grandison der Zweite, afterwards (in 1781–82) rewritten and issued with a new title, Der deutsche Grandison.
Henriette-Julie de Murat (1670–1716) was an aristocratic French writer of the late 17th century. She published fairy tales and slightly scandalous faux memoirs, one of which got her exiled to the provincial town of Loches for several years. She was one of the leaders of the fairy tale vogue, along with Marie Catherine d'Aulnoy, Charlotte-Rose de Caumont La Force, Marie-Jeanne Lhéritier, and Charles Perrault. Among the fairy tales attributed to her are Bearskin and Starlight.