The Valais is one of the 26 cantons of Switzerland in the southwestern part of the country, around the valley of the Rhône from its headwaters to Lake Geneva, separating the Pennine Alps from the Bernese Alps. The canton is one of the drier parts of Switzerland in its central Rhône valley. Paradoxically it is also one of most well-watered parts, having large amounts of snow and rain up on the highest peaks found in Switzerland.
The Canton of Zürich has a population (in 2007) of about 1.3 million. The canton is located in the northeast of Switzerland and the city of Zürich is its capital. The official language is German, but people speak the local Swiss German dialect called Züritüütsch. In English the name of the canton is often written without an umlaut.
The Canton of Fribourg is a canton of Switzerland. It is located in the west of the country. The capital of the canton is Fribourg. The name Fribourg is French, whereas Freiburg is the German name for both the canton and the town.
The Canton of Baden was a canton of the Helvetic Republic. Its capital was the town of Baden. The canton was created in 1798 from the merger of the County of Baden with the Freie Ämter (free bailiwicks), both of which had until then been condominiums (gemeine Herrschaften) of the Old Swiss Confederation. The canton was divided into five districts — Baden, Bremgarten, Muri, Sarmenstorf and Zurzach.
Oberland was the name of a canton of the Helvetic Republic, corresponding to the area of the Bernese Oberland, with its capital at Thun. After the in 1798, the old Bernese order was broken up and the Oberland separated from the rest of the canton. As there had been no previous separatist feeling amongst the conservative population, there was little enthusiasm for the new order.
Bellinzona was the name of a canton of the Helvetic Republic, with its capital in Bellinzona. The canton was founded in 1798 with the slogan Liberi e svizzeri (Italian for Freemen and Swiss) as a means of remaining a part of Switzerland, rather than being annexed to the Cisalpine client republic. The canton was made up of the four Landvogteien of Bellinzona, Blenio, Leventina and Rivera.
Lugano was the name of a canton of the Helvetic Republic from 1798 to 1803, with its capital at Lugano. The canton unified the former Landvogteien of Lugano, Mendrisio, Locarno and Valmaggia. As with the other cantons of the Helvetic Republic, the autonomy of Lugano was very limited, the republic having been founded by Napoleon in order further to centralise power in Switzerland.
Linth was a canton of the Helvetic Republic from 1798 to 1803, consisting of Glarus and its subject County of Werdenberg, the Höfe and March districts of Schwyz and the Züricher subject Lordship of Sax, along with a handful of shared territories.
Waldstätten was a canton of the Helvetic Republic from 1798 to 1803, combining the territories of the founding cantons of the Old Swiss Confederacy, Uri, Schwyz and both cantons of Unterwalden, which were collectively known as Waldstätten (German for Forest states) since the 14th century, along with Zug, the Republic of Gersau and Engelberg Abbey.
Léman was the name of a canton of the Helvetic Republic from 1798 to 1803, corresponding to the territory of modern Vaud. As a former subject territory of Berne, Vaud had been independent for only four months in 1798 as the Lemanic Republic before it was incorporated in the centralist Helvetic Republic.
Säntis was the name of a canton of the Helvetic Republic from 1798 to 1803, consisting of the territory of St. Gallen, Appenzell and Rheintal. Its capital was St. Gallen. [[Image:Ostschweiz1798. png|thumb|400px|left|Eastern Switzerland in 1798, with shared territories in grey and associate members of the Confederacy outlined
Raetia was the name of a canton of the Helvetic Republic from 1798 to 1803, corresponding to modern Graubünden and composed of the Free State of the Three Leagues. Until 1799, the canton was administered by the central government of the Helvetic Republic.
Fricktal was a canton of the Helvetic Republic from February 1802 to February 1803, consisting of that part of the Breisgau south of the Rhine. Now, the territories of Fricktal form the districts of Rheinfelden and Laufenburg in the canton of Aargau. In 1799, a year after the proclamation of the Helvetic Republic, French Revolutionary troops marched into the Fricktal.