Rudolf Maister Vojanov (29 March 1874 – 26 July 1934) was a Slovene military officer, poet and political activist. The soldiers who fought under Maister's command in northern Slovenia became known as "Maister's fighters". Maister was also an accomplished poet and self-taught painter. Maister was born in the Upper Carniolan commercial town of Kamnik, then part of Austria-Hungary. During World War I, he served as a major in the Austro-Hungarian Army.
Archduke Eugen Ferdinand Pius Bernhard Felix Maria of Austria-Teschen (21 May 1863 – 30 December 1954) was an Archduke of Austria and a Prince of Hungary and Bohemia. He was the last Grand Master of the Teutonic Knights from the Habsburg dynasty.
Archduke Joseph August Viktor Klemens Maria of Austria, Prince of Hungary and Bohemia (9 August 1872 – 6 July 1962) was the eldest son of Archduke Joseph Karl of Austria (1833–1905) and his wife Princess Clotilde of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha (1846–1927). Joseph August's grandfather had been Palatine Joseph of Hungary (1776–1847), Palatine and Viceroy of Hungary, a younger son of Emperor Leopold II.
Oskar Potiorek (20 November 1853 – 17 December 1933) was an Austrian general who served as the Austro-Hungarian governor of Bosnia and Herzegovina between 1911 and 1914. Potiorek was a co-passenger in the car carrying Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria and his wife Countess Sophie Chotek when they were assassinated in Sarajevo on 28 June 1914, in an event which is seen as the start of World War I.
Eduard Freiherr von Böhm-Ermolli (February 12, 1856 – December 9, 1941) was an Austrian general during World War I who rose to the rank of field marshal in the Austro-Hungarian Army. On October 30, 1941 he was promoted into a German general-fieldmarshal. Eduard Böhm was born in the Italian city of Ancona where his father served with a small representative detachment of the Austro-Hungarian army.
Alfred Redl (March 14, 1864 – May 25, 1913) was an Austrian officer who rose to head the counter-intelligence efforts of Austria-Hungary. He was one of the leading figures of pre-World War I espionage. His term in office was marked by innovation, and he used very high technology for the time to ensnare foreign intelligence agents. But he was himself a spy for the Russians.
Svetozar Boroević (or Borojević) von Bojna (December 13, 1856 – May 23, 1920) was an Austro-Hungarian Field Marshal Boroević was born in the village of Umetići near Kostajnica, now Hrvatska Kostajnica, Croatia. The area was then part of the Military Frontier of the Habsburg Monarchy (finally being reincorporated in Croatia on July 15, 1881). After finishing grade school he moved to Kamenitza and later Graz where he studied in military academies.
Jovo Stanisavljević, called Čaruga was an outlaw, or hajduk, in Slavonia in the early 20th century. Stanisavljević was born of Serbian parentage in the village of Bare, located near Našice in Kingdom of Croatia-Slavonia, Austro-Hungarian Empire. His mother died when he was ten, and he went to locksmith school in Osijek. When the First World War broke out, he stopped his schooling and enrolled in the Austro-Hungarian Army.
Vaso Čubrilović was born in Gradiška, Bosnia and Herzegovina in 1897. He was a student in Sarajevo, when Danilo Ilić recruited him and his friend, Cvjetko Popović, to help assassinate Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria. His brother, Veljko Čubrilović, was also involved in the plot. On Sunday, 28 June 1914, Franz Ferdinand and Sophie, Duchess of Hohenberg were assassinated by Gavrilo Princip. Princip and Nedeljko Čabrinović were captured and interrogated by the police.
Muhamed Mehmedbašić (1887-circa 1943) was a Bosniak revolutionary born in Bosnia and Herzegovina. A member of Bosnia's Muslim nobility, Mehmedbašić joined the Mlada Bosna secret society and in 1914 was chosen to assassinate General Oskar Potiorek, Governor of the Austrian provinces of Bosnia-Herzegovina, with a poisoned dagger. After one failed attempt, Mehmedbašić was recruited by Danilo Ilić to join the plot to assassinate Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria.
Cvjetko Popović was a Serb born in Bosnia and Herzegovina in 1896. He was a student in Sarajevo when Danilo Ilić recruited him and his friend, Vaso Čubrilović to help assassinate Archduke Franz Ferdinand. Nikola Pašić, the prime minister of Serbia, heard about the plot and gave instructions for the three men to be arrested.
Veljko Čubrilović (July, 1886 - February 3, 1915), is noted for being involved in the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria. He was born in Bosnia and Herzegovina. He became a schoolteacher in Priboj, but in 1914, as a member of the Black Hand secret society, agreed to help Gavrilo Princip, Nedjelko Cabrinovic, and Trifko Grabez to assassinate Archduke Franz Ferdinand. His brother, Vaso Cubrilovic, was also involved in the plot.
Count Albert Apponyi de Nagyappony (May 29, 1846 – February 7, 1933) was a distinguished Hungarian nobleman and politician from an ancient noble family dating back to the 13th century. He was born on May 29, 1846, in Vienna, where his father, Count György Apponyi, was the resident Hungarian Chancellor at the time. Count Albert Apponyi became a member of the Hungarian Parliament in 1872 and remained a member of it, with one short exception, until 1918.
Count Viktor Dankl von Krasnik was a highly decorated career Austro-Hungarian officer who reached the pinnacle of his service during World War I with promotion to the rare rank of Colonel General (Generaloberst). His successful career met an abrupt end in 1916 due to both his performance on the Italian front and health issues. After the war he would be a vocal apologist for both his country's war record and the dethroned Habsburg monarchy.
Konstantin Theodor Dumba (also Constantin Dumba) (1856-1947) was the last Austro-Hungarian ambassador to the United States. He served from 1913-1915, succeeding the 20-year ambassador Ladislaus Hengelmüller von Hengervár. Due to a series of scandals during the lead up to World War I that showed he was involved with espionage, Dumba was declared persona non grata in 1915 by President Woodrow Wilson. His father was the Greek-Austrian magnate Nikolaus Dumba.
Austro-Hungarian Ambassadors were individuals who held the post of ambassador from the Austro-Hungarian Empire from approximately 1859 until the union was dissolved in 1918. It should be noted that the ambassador position at that time was different from what it is today. Whereas ambassadors are now in nearly every country, ambassadors in the 19th century were generally only exchanged between a few of the major world powers.
Artur Martin Phleps (29 November 1881 – 21 September 1944) was an Austro-Hungarian-born Romanian and German officer who held the rank of Obergruppenführer in the Waffen-SS during World War II. An Austro-Hungarian Army officer in World War I, he served in the Romanian Army during the interwar period, before joining the military forces of Nazi Germany in 1941. Seeing action with the 5. SS-Panzergrenadier-Division Wiking, he was later a commander of the 7.
Franz Ferdinand (18 December 1863 – 28 June 1914) was an Archduke of Austria-Este, Austro-Hungarian and Royal Prince of Hungary and of Bohemia, and from 1889 until his death, heir presumptive to the Austro-Hungarian throne. His assassination in Sarajevo precipitated Austria-Hungary's declaration of war against Serbia. This caused countries allied with Austria-Hungary and countries allied with Serbia to declare war on each other, starting World War I.
Stefan Freiherr Sarkotić von Lovćen (also Stefan Sarkotić, Stjepan Sarkotić, or Stephan Sarkotić) (October 4, 1858, Sinac, Otočac - October 16, 1939, Vienna) was a Croatian general in the Austro-Hungarian Army who served as Governor of Bosnia and Herzegovina during World War I. Stefan Sarkotić was the son of Lieutenant Matija Sarkotić of the Otočac Border Regiment Nr.2. He attended gymnasium in Senj. His first military post was in the 16th Infantry Regiment in Trebinje, Herzegovina.