Rudolf Maister Vojanov (29 March 1874 – 26 July 1934) was a Slovene military officer, poet and political activist. The soldiers who fought under Maister's command in northern Slovenia became known as "Maister's fighters". Maister was also an accomplished poet and self-taught painter. Maister was born in the Upper Carniolan commercial town of Kamnik, then part of Austria-Hungary. During World War I, he served as a major in the Austro-Hungarian Army.
Archduke Eugen Ferdinand Pius Bernhard Felix Maria of Austria-Teschen (21 May 1863 – 30 December 1954) was an Archduke of Austria and a Prince of Hungary and Bohemia. He was the last Grand Master of the Teutonic Knights from the Habsburg dynasty.
Archduke Joseph August Viktor Klemens Maria of Austria, Prince of Hungary and Bohemia (9 August 1872 – 6 July 1962) was the eldest son of Archduke Joseph Karl of Austria (1833–1905) and his wife Princess Clotilde of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha (1846–1927). Joseph August's grandfather had been Palatine Joseph of Hungary (1776–1847), Palatine and Viceroy of Hungary, a younger son of Emperor Leopold II.
Count Josip Jelačić of Bužim (16 October 1801, Petrovaradin – 20 May 1859, Zagreb); also spelled Jellachich, Jellačić or Jellasics) was the Ban of Croatia between 23 March 1848 and 19 May 1859. He was a member of the House of Jelačić and a noted army general, remembered for his military campaigns during the Revolutions of 1848 and for his abolition of serfdom in Croatia.
Oskar Potiorek (20 November 1853 – 17 December 1933) was an Austrian general who served as the Austro-Hungarian governor of Bosnia and Herzegovina between 1911 and 1914. Potiorek was a co-passenger in the car carrying Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria and his wife Countess Sophie Chotek when they were assassinated in Sarajevo on 28 June 1914, in an event which is seen as the start of World War I.
Eduard Freiherr von Böhm-Ermolli (February 12, 1856 – December 9, 1941) was an Austrian general during World War I who rose to the rank of field marshal in the Austro-Hungarian Army. On October 30, 1941 he was promoted into a German general-fieldmarshal. Eduard Böhm was born in the Italian city of Ancona where his father served with a small representative detachment of the Austro-Hungarian army.
Alfred Redl (March 14, 1864 – May 25, 1913) was an Austrian officer who rose to head the counter-intelligence efforts of Austria-Hungary. He was one of the leading figures of pre-World War I espionage. His term in office was marked by innovation, and he used very high technology for the time to ensnare foreign intelligence agents. But he was himself a spy for the Russians.
Louis Edward Nolan (January 4 1818-October 25 1854), was a British Army officer of the victorian era, an authority on cavalry tactics best known for his controversial role in launching the disastrous Charge of the Light Brigade during the Battle of Balaclava. He was the first casualty of that engagement.
Art Ó Laoghaire (also Airt Ó Laoghaire or Art O'Leary), a Roman Catholic, was an officer in the Austro-Hungarian army. Having returned home to Rathleigh House near Macroom, Cork, Ireland, Art refused to sell his prize-winning horse to Englishman Abraham Morris, and was thus made an outlaw. Under the Penal Laws of Ireland, Roman Catholics were obliged under law to sell their horse to Protestants if demanded to do so. Morris tracked O'Leary and shot him on his horse on May 4, 1773.
Svetozar Boroević (or Borojević) von Bojna (December 13, 1856 – May 23, 1920) was an Austro-Hungarian Field Marshal Boroević was born in the village of Umetići near Kostajnica, now Hrvatska Kostajnica, Croatia. The area was then part of the Military Frontier of the Habsburg Monarchy (finally being reincorporated in Croatia on July 15, 1881). After finishing grade school he moved to Kamenitza and later Graz where he studied in military academies.
Count Viktor Dankl von Krasnik was a highly decorated career Austro-Hungarian officer who reached the pinnacle of his service during World War I with promotion to the rare rank of Colonel General (Generaloberst). His successful career met an abrupt end in 1916 due to both his performance on the Italian front and health issues. After the war he would be a vocal apologist for both his country's war record and the dethroned Habsburg monarchy.
Baron Josip Filipović was a Croatian general under the then Austrian army. He saw action in Austria helping to quell the 1848 Revolutions. He scored victories at the Battle of Solferino and in the Austro-Prussian War. At one point Filipović was commander of a Viennese division and for a short time was promoted from general to colonel general. From 1865 to 1869 Filipović was governor of Dalmatia. General Filipović participated in the occupation of Bosnia and Herzegovina in 1878.
Artur Martin Phleps (29 November 1881 – 21 September 1944) was an Austro-Hungarian-born Romanian and German officer who held the rank of Obergruppenführer in the Waffen-SS during World War II. An Austro-Hungarian Army officer in World War I, he served in the Romanian Army during the interwar period, before joining the military forces of Nazi Germany in 1941. Seeing action with the 5. SS-Panzergrenadier-Division Wiking, he was later a commander of the 7.
Franz Ferdinand (18 December 1863 – 28 June 1914) was an Archduke of Austria-Este, Austro-Hungarian and Royal Prince of Hungary and of Bohemia, and from 1889 until his death, heir presumptive to the Austro-Hungarian throne. His assassination in Sarajevo precipitated Austria-Hungary's declaration of war against Serbia. This caused countries allied with Austria-Hungary and countries allied with Serbia to declare war on each other, starting World War I.
Stefan Freiherr Sarkotić von Lovćen (also Stefan Sarkotić, Stjepan Sarkotić, or Stephan Sarkotić) (October 4, 1858, Sinac, Otočac - October 16, 1939, Vienna) was a Croatian general in the Austro-Hungarian Army who served as Governor of Bosnia and Herzegovina during World War I. Stefan Sarkotić was the son of Lieutenant Matija Sarkotić of the Otočac Border Regiment Nr.2. He attended gymnasium in Senj. His first military post was in the 16th Infantry Regiment in Trebinje, Herzegovina.
Gunther Burstyn was a technician and officer of the Austro-Hungarian Army. In 1911, he designed the first cross-country tank with swiveling turret, based on American agricultural tractors, which he called the Motorgeschütz (literally motor-gun). The draft design, which was more modern than other tank designs of the First World War, was rejected both by Austria-Hungary and by the German Empire.
Count Fran Đivo Gundulić also Francesco Giovanni Gondola; born 1630, Dubrovnik - died 1700, Vienna was a member of an old noble family from Dubrovnik, the House of Gundulić. He was a child of famous poet Ivan Gundulić and Nika Sorkočević +1644. He joined the Austrian Army where he served as a military officer.
Hermann Kövess von Kövessháza (March 30, 1854 – September 22, 1924) was the final, and completely ceremonial, Commander-in-Chief of Austria-Hungary. He served as a generally competent and unremarkable commander in the Austro-Hungarian Army and was close to retirement in 1914 when The First World War broke out and he was given a command post.