Ahmad Shah Massoud (احمد شاه مسعود- Aḥmad Šāh Mas‘ūd; September 1953 – September 9, 2001) was a Kabul University engineering student turned military leader who played a leading role in driving the Soviet army out of Afghanistan, earning him the nickname Lion of Panjshir. His followers call him Āmir Sāhib-e Shahīd (Our Martyred Commander). An ethnic Tajik, Massoud was a moderate of the anti-Soviet resistance leaders.
Gaius Julius Caesar (13 July 100 BC – 15 March 44 BC) was a Roman military and political leader. He played a critical role in the transformation of the Roman Republic into the Roman Empire. As a politician, Caesar made use of popularist tactics.
Reinhard Tristan Eugen Heydrich (7 March 1904 – 4 June 1942) was a high German Nazi official. He was SS-Obergruppenführer (General) and General der Polizei, chief of the Reich Main Security Office and Stellvertretender Reichsprotektor of Bohemia and Moravia. When the Nazis moved the headquarters of Interpol to Berlin in 1942, he was appointed and served as President of that international law enforcement agency.
Željko Ražnatović, widely known as Arkan (Аркан) (17 April 1952 - 15 January 2000), was a Serbian career criminal and later a paramilitary leader who was notable for organizing and leading a paramilitary force in the Yugoslav Wars. He was on Interpol's most wanted list in the 1970s and 1980s for robberies and murders committed in a number of European countries and was later indicted by the UN for crimes against humanity. Arkan was assassinated in 2000 before his trial.
Aëtius is also the name of several other persons. Flavius Aëtius or simply Aëtius, (c. 396–454), dux et patricius, was a Roman general of the closing period of the Western Roman Empire. He was an able military commander and the most influential man in the Western Roman Empire for two decades (433-454). He managed policy in regard to the attacks of barbarian peoples pressing on the Empire.
Alexander Ilyich Dutov (1879—1921), one of the leaders of the Cossack counterrevolution in the Urals, Lieutenant General (1919). Dutov was born in Kazalinsk. He graduated from Nikolayevsky Cavalry School and General Staff Academy (1908). He was Assistant Commander of the Cossack regiment during the World War I of 1914-1918.
William Edward Nordeen (October 9, 1936—June 28, 1988) was an American diplomat. Born in Amery, Wisconsin and raised in nearby Centuria, he was the United States defense and naval attaché to the U.S. Embassy in Athens, Greece. Nordeen was assassinated June 28, 1988. The 51 year-old US Navy captain was driving in an armor-plated sedan near Athens when a car bomb was detonated next to him via remote control. He was thrown from the car and killed by the blast.
Brigadier Stephen Saunders (1947 - 8 June 2000), the British military attaché in Athens, was killed on 8 June 2000 by motorcycle gunmen who were members of Revolutionary Organization 17 November (17N). Saunders was buried with a Commonwealth War Graves Commission headstone in Melbury Osmund churchyard in Dorset, close to where he had previously lived.
Lieutenant General Denzil Lakshman Kobbekaduwa RWP, RSP, VSV, USP, rcds, psc, SLAC (July 27, 1940 – August 8, 1992) was a highly decorated and respected General in the Sri Lanka army. He was assassinated along with 9 other military officers in a land-mine explosion.
Nikolai Vladimirovich Mezentsov was a Russian statesman, adjutant general (1871) and member of the State Council of Imperial Russia (1877). Mezentsov began his military career in 1845. He participated in the Crimean War of 1853-1856.
Sulim Yamadayev, also spelled Yamadaev was a former Chechen rebel commander from the First Chechen War who had switched sides together with his brothers Dzhabrail, Badrudi, Isa and Ruslan in 1999 during the outbreak of the Second Chechen War. He was de facto commander of the Russian military Special Battalion Vostok unit belonging to the GRU. As such, until 2008, he was officially in command of the biggest pro-Moscow militia outside the control of the current Chechen president Ramzan Kadyrov.
Captain Robert Laurence Nairac GC (31 August 1948–15 May 1977) was a British Army officer who was abducted and killed by the Provisional Irish Republican Army (PIRA). He was posthumously awarded the George Cross.
Antonio Luna y Novicio (October 29, 1866 - June 5, 1899) was a Filipino pharmacist and general who fought in the Philippine-American War. His life was a story of greatness being loyal revolutionary who extremely believed in military discipline. However, many soldiers who refuse to recognize the importance of military discipline hated him. This lead to his untimely death in 1899. He did not die in the hands of the American soldiers but in the hands of his own military.
Herberts Cukurs was a famous Latvian aviator and alleged war criminal. He was a member of the notorious Arajs Kommando and was involved in murders of Latvian Jews as part of the Holocaust but he never stood trial and thus his alleged participation was never juridically proven. There are however multiple eyewitness accounts linking Cukurs to war crimes.
Franz Kutschera was an SS General and Gauleiter of Carinthia. As SS and Police Leader of the Poland's Warsaw district, he was sentenced to death by Armia Krajowa (Polish Home Army) in agreement with the Polish government in exile and assassinated.
Hermann von Eichhorn (February 13, 1848 – July 30, 1918) was a Prussian general. Eichhorn was born in Breslau in the Province of Silesia. A veteran of the Franco-Prussian War, he had risen through the ranks of the Prussian Army, commanding the 9th Division from 1901 to 1904 and the XVIII Army Corps from 1904 to 1912. In 1912 he took command of the 7th Army Inspection, the peacetime headquarters for the Imperial German XVI, XVIII, and XXI Army Corps.
Maio of Bari (died 10 November 1160), a Lombard merchant's son from Bari, was the third of the great admirals of Sicily. An ammiratus ammiratorum, or "Emir of Emirs," he was the most important man in the kingdom save the king himself. After the deposition and execution of Philip of Mahdia (1153), the admiralcy was vacant for a year until the succession of a new king, William I.
Usayr ibn Zarim was the war chief of the Banu Nadir, who succeeded Abu al-Rafi ibn Abu al-Huqayq upon his death. It has been recorded by one source that Usayr also approached the Ghatafan and rumors spread that he intended to attack the "capital of Muhammad". The latter sent Abdullah bin Rawaha with a number of his companions, among whom were Abdullah bin Unays, an ally of Banu Salima, a clan hostile to the Jews.
Enrique Bermúdez Varela (December 11, 1932 – February 16, 1991) was a Nicaraguan who founded and commanded the Nicaraguan Contras. In this capacity, he became a central global figure in one of the most prominent conflicts of the Cold War. Bermúdez founded the largest Contra army in the war against Nicaragua's Marxist Sandinista government, which was supported by the Soviet Union and Cuba. From 1979 until the end of the military conflict in 1990, Bermudez was the Contras' top military commander.
File:Flag of Sri Lanka. svg Lieutenant General Parami Sugandika Bandara Kulatunga RSP, VSV, USP, GW (born 1950 in Kandy, died June 26, 2006 †) was Deputy Chief of Staff of the Sri Lanka Army, its third highest ranking officer. On the morning of 26 June, he was killed by a Tamil Tiger suicide bomber who drove an explosives laden motorbike into his official vehicle as it was driving to a military base at Panipitiya near Colombo. He was age 55. An inspiring and poignant Memorial Dedication for Lt.