George Herman Ruth, Jr. (February 6, 1895 – August 16, 1948), best known as "Babe" Ruth and nicknamed "the Bambino" and "the Sultan of Swat", was an American Major League baseball player from 1914–1935. Ruth originally broke into the major leagues with the Boston Red Sox as a starting pitcher, but after he was sold to the New York Yankees in 1919, he converted to a full-time right fielder and subsequently became one of the league's most prolific hitters.
Denton True "Cy" Young (March 29, 1867 – November 4, 1955) was an American baseball player who pitched for five different major league teams from 1890 to 1911. Young was elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1937. One year after Young's death, the Cy Young Award was created to honor the previous season's best pitcher. During his 22-year career, Young established numerous professional pitching records in the majors, some of which have stood for a century.
Pedro Jaime Martínez (born October 25, 1971 in Manoguayabo, Dominican Republic) is a Major League Baseball starting pitcher who is a free agent. He is a three time Cy Young Award winner. At the time of his 200th win in April 2006, Martínez had the highest winning percentage of any 200-game winner in modern baseball history (he has since slipped .003 behind Whitey Ford). In 2007, Martínez became the 15th pitcher to reach 3,000 career strikeouts.
William Roger Clemens, aka "The Rocket" (born August 4, 1962) is a former right-handed Major League Baseball pitcher. Clemens has won the most Cy Young Awards with 7, two more than Randy Johnson. He played for 13 consecutive seasons in Boston, more than half of his career. In 1997, he signed with the Toronto Blue Jays. In each of his two seasons with the Blue Jays Clemens won the pitching triple crown (leading the league in wins, ERA, and strikeouts) and a Cy Young Award.
James Hoyt Wilhelm (July 26, 1923 – August 23, 2002) was an American pitcher in Major League Baseball. He was elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1985. Wilhelm was best known for his knuckleball, which enabled him to have great longevity – occasionally as a starting pitcher, but mainly as a specialist relief man (in which role he won 124 games, still the record for relief pitchers).
Edward Victor Cicotte (nicknamed "Knuckles", was an American right-handed pitcher in Major League Baseball best known for his time with the Chicago White Sox. He was one of eight players permanently ineligible for professional baseball for his alleged participation in the Black Sox scandal in the 1919 World Series, in which the favored White Sox lost to the Cincinnati Reds in eight games.
Harold "Prince Hal" Newhouser (May 20, 1921 – November 10, 1998) was an American pitcher for Major League Baseball who played 17 seasons from 1939 to 1955, mostly with the Detroit Tigers of the American League. Newhouser was considered to be the most dominating pitcher of the World War II era of baseball, winning a pitcher's triple crown for the Tigers in 1945.
Robert Moses "Lefty" Grove (March 6, 1900 – May 22, 1975) was a pitcher in Major League Baseball. Born in Lonaconing, Maryland, Grove was a sandlot star in the Baltimore area during the 1910s. His performance attracted the attention of Jack Dunn, the owner of the minor league Baltimore Orioles, who also discovered Babe Ruth. Grove joined the Orioles in 1920, and broke into the team's pitching rotation at midseason with a 12-2 record.
Walter Perry Johnson (November 6, 1887–December 10, 1946), nicknamed "The Big Train," was a right-handed pitcher in Major League Baseball between 1907 and 1927. One of the most celebrated players in baseball history, Johnson established several pitching records, some of which remained unbroken for nearly a century.
Richard Lee Sutcliffe (born June 21, 1956 in Independence, Missouri) is a former Major League Baseball starting pitcher and current television sportscaster, nicknamed "The Red Baron" for his red hair and beard. A right-hander, Sutcliffe was a three-time All-Star. He won the National League Rookie of the Year award in 1979 and the National League Cy Young Award in 1984.
Howard Ellsworth "Smoky Joe" Wood (October 25, 1889 - July 27, 1985) was a Major League Baseball pitcher for the Boston Red Sox and an outfielder for the Cleveland Indians during the early part of the 20th century. He is one of only 13 pitchers who won 30 or more games in one season (34-5 in 1912) since 1900.
Mark Steven "The Bird" Fidrych (August 14, 1954 – April 13, 2009) was a Major League Baseball player for the Detroit Tigers from 1976-1980. In 1976, Fidrych led the major leagues with a 2.34 ERA, won the AL Rookie of the Year award, and finished with a 19-9 record.
James Edward "Jimmy" Key (born April 22, 1961 in Huntsville, Alabama) is a former left-handed starting pitcher in Major League Baseball who played for the Toronto Blue Jays (1984–1992), New York Yankees (1993–1996), and Baltimore Orioles (1997–1998). His best personal years were in 1987, when he posted a 17–8 record with a league-leading 2.76 ERA, and in 1993, when he went 18–6 with a 3.00 ERA and 173 strikeouts.
Randall David Johnson (born September 10, 1963), nicknamed "The Big Unit", is a retired left-handed Major League Baseball starting pitcher. Over a 22-year career, Johnson played for six different teams. The 6-foot-10-inch (2.08 m) Johnson has been celebrated for having one of the most dominant fastballs in the game. He regularly approached, and occasionally exceeded, 100 miles per hour (160 km/h) during his prime. However, his signature pitch was a hard, biting slider.
Allie Pierce Reynolds (February 10, 1917 - December 26, 1994) (known as the Superchief) was a pitcher in Major League Baseball. He was born in Bethany, Oklahoma, the son of a strict preacher. His nickname of the Superchief came because he was one quarter Creek Indian (some sources say Cherokee). He was prone to diabetes (which he called "The Indian disease").
Edmund Walter Lopat (originally Lopatynski) (June 21, 1918 – June 15, 1992) was a Major League Baseball pitcher. Lopat was born in New York, New York. His Major League debut was on April 30, 1944, playing for the Chicago White Sox. He was traded to the New York Yankees on February 24, 1948 for Aaron Robinson, Bill Wight, and Fred Bradley. From 1948 to 1954 he was the third of the "Big Three" of the Yankees' pitching staff, together with Allie Reynolds and Vic Raschi.
Edward Charles "Whitey" Ford (born October 21, 1928) is a former Major League Baseball pitcher who spent his entire 18-year career with the New York Yankees. He was voted into the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1974.
Robert William Andrew "Bob" Feller (born November 3, 1918 in Van Meter, Iowa), nicknamed the "Heater from Van Meter", "Bullet Bob" and "Rapid Robert", is an American former Major League Baseball pitcher. He was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1962.
Henry Eugene "Gene" Bearden (September 5, 1920 – March 18, 2004) was a left-handed knuckleball pitcher in Major League Baseball who completed a remarkable rookie season by closing out the Cleveland Indians' last World Series championship in 1948.
Stanley Anthony Coveleski (born Stanley Anthony Kowalewski) (July 13, 1889, Shamokin, Pennsylvania – March 20, 1984) was a Major League Baseball player during the 1910s and 1920s. He was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1969. Coveleski, a starting pitcher, was known for throwing the spitball; and he was one of the 17 pitchers permitted to continue throwing the pitch when it was outlawed in 1920.
Early Wynn Jr. , familiarly known as "Gus" Wynn, (January 6, 1920 – April 4, 1999) was a right-handed baseball pitcher for the Washington Senators, Cleveland Indians and Chicago White Sox. He was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1972. Armed with a blazing fastball and a hard-nosed attitude, during his career he was identified as one of the most intimidating pitchers in the game.
Edward Miguel "Mike" Garcia (November 17, 1923 – January 13, 1986) was an American right-handed pitcher in Major League Baseball of Mexican-Indian descent who played most of his career for the Cleveland Indians. He was one of the Indians' "Big Four" pitching staff from 1949 to 1954, along with Hall of Famers Bob Feller, Bob Lemon and Early Wynn.