Cyril M. Kornbluth (July 23, 1923 – March 21, 1958) was an American science fiction author and a notable member of the Futurians. He used a variety of pen-names, including Cecil Corwin, S. D. Gottesman, Edward J. Bellin, Kenneth Falconer, Walter C. Davies, Simon Eisner, and Jordan Park. (The "M" in Kornbluth's name is in tribute to his wife, Mary Byers; Frederik Pohl confirmed the lack of any actual middle name in at least one interview.)
James Branch Cabell, pronounced /ˈkæbəl/ (April 14, 1879 – May 5, 1958) was an American author of fantasy fiction and belles lettres. Cabell was well regarded by his contemporaries, including H. L. Mencken and Sinclair Lewis. His works were considered escapist and fit well in the culture of the 1920s, when his works were most popular. For Cabell, veracity was "the one unpardonable sin, not merely against art, but against human welfare.
The Venerable Pope Pius XII, born Eugenio Maria Giuseppe Giovanni Pacelli (2 March 1876 – 9 October 1958), reigned as the 260th Pope, head of the Catholic Church and sovereign of Vatican City State, from 2 March 1939 until his death in 1958.
Wolfgang Ernst Pauli (April 25, 1900 – December 15, 1958) was an Austrian theoretical physicist and one of the pioneers of quantum physics. In 1945, after being nominated by Albert Einstein, he received the Nobel Prize in Physics for his "decisive contribution through his discovery of a new law of Nature, the exclusion principle or Pauli principle," involving spin theory, underpinning the structure of matter and the whole of chemistry.
Ernest Orlando Lawrence (August 8, 1901 – August 27, 1958) was an American physicist and Nobel Laureate, known for his invention, utilization, and improvement of the cyclotron atom-smasher beginning in 1929, and his later work in uranium-isotope separation for the Manhattan Project. Lawrence had a long career at the University of California, where he became a Professor of Physics.
Alfred Ernest Jones (1 January 1879 – 11 February 1958) Welsh neurologist, psychoanalyst and Sigmund Freud’s official biographer. As the first English-language practitioner of psychoanalysis and as President of both of the British Psycho-Analytical Society and the International Psychoanalytic Association in the 1920s and 1930s, Jones exercised unmatched influence in the establishment of its organisations, institutions and publications in the English-speaking world.
William Christopher Handy (November 16, 1873 – March 28, 1958) was a blues composer and musician, often known as the "Father of the Blues". Handy remains among the most influential of American songwriters. Though he was one of many musicians who played the distinctively American form of music known as the blues, he is credited with giving it its contemporary form.
Sir Douglas Mawson, OBE, FRS, FAA (5 May 1882 – 14 October 1958) was an Australian Antarctic explorer and geologist. Along with Roald Amundsen, Robert Falcon Scott, and Ernest Shackleton, Mawson was a key expedition leader during the Heroic Age of Antarctic Exploration.
Imre Nagy (June 7, 1896 – June 16, 1958) was a Hungarian politician, appointed Prime Minister of Hungary on two occasions. Nagy's second term ended when his non-Soviet-backed government was brought down by Soviet invasion in the failed Hungarian Revolution of 1956, resulting in Nagy's execution on charges of treason two years later.
Henri Farman (born Henry Farman) (26 May 1874 - 18 July 1958) was a French aviator and aircraft designer and manufacturer with his brother Maurice Farman. His family was British and he opted for the French nationality in 1937. Born in Paris in France, he was the son of a well to do newspaper correspondent working there.
Jack Ralph Cole (December 14, 1914 - August 13, 1958) was an American comic book artist and Playboy magazine cartoonist best-known for creating the popular and highly influential superhero Plastic Man. He was posthumously inducted into the Jack Kirby Hall of Fame in 1991, and the Will Eisner Award Hall of Fame in 1999.
Ralph Vaughan Williams OM (12 October 1872 – 26 August 1958) was an English composer of symphonies, chamber music, opera, choral music, and film scores. He was also a collector of English folk music and song; this also influenced his editorial approach to the English Hymnal, which began in 1904, many folk song arrangements being set as hymn tunes, in addition to several original compositions.
Friedrich Robert Donat (18 March 1905 – 9 June 1958), was an English film and stage actor. He is best-known for his roles in Alfred Hitchcock's The 39 Steps and Goodbye, Mr. Chips for which he won an Academy Award for Best Actor.
Rosalind Elsie Franklin (25 July 1920 – 16 April 1958) was a British biophysicist, physicist, chemist, biologist and X-ray crystallographer who made important contributions to the understanding of the fine molecular structures of DNA, RNA, viruses, coal and graphite. Franklin is still best known for her work on the X-ray diffraction images of DNA. Her data, according to Francis Crick, was "the data we actually used" to formulate Crick and Watson's 1953 hypothesis regarding the structure of DNA.
John Broadus Watson (January 9, 1878 – September 25, 1958) was an American psychologist who established the psychological school of behaviorism, after doing research on animal behavior. He also conducted the controversial "Little Albert" experiment. Later he went on from psychology to become a popular author on child-rearing, and an acclaimed contributor to the advertising industry.
Lieutenant General Claire Lee Chennault (September 6, 1893 – July 27, 1958), was an American military aviator who commanded the "Flying Tigers" during World War II. His family name is pronounced shen-awlt.
Milutin Milanković (28 May 1879 – 12 December 1958), was a Serbian civil engineer and geophysicist, best known for his theory of ice ages, relating variations of the Earth's orbit and long-term climate change, now known as Milankovitch cycles.
Robert H. Whytlaw-Gray (1877 – 1958) was a chemist, born in London, England. He studied at University of Glasgow and University College London. He and William Ramsay isolated radon and studied its physical properties (density, weight).
Markus Feldmann (May 21, 1897 in Thun - November 3, 1958 in Berne) was a Swiss politician, member of the Swiss Federal Council (1951-1958). He was elected to the Federal Council on December 13, 1951 and died in office on November 3, 1958. He was affiliated to the Party of Farmers, Traders and Independents (BGB/PAI), now the Swiss People's Party. During his office time he held the Department of Justice and Police and was President of the Confederation in 1956.
Marcel Pilet-Golaz (December 31, 1889 - April 11, 1958) was a Swiss politician. He was elected to the Swiss Federal Council on December 13, 1928 and handed over office on December 31, 1944. He was affiliated to the Free Democratic Party.
Sir John Hubert Marshall (March 19, 1876 Chester - August 17, 1958 Guildford) was the Director-General of the Archaeological Survey of India from 1902 to 1928. He was responsible for the excavation that lead to the discovery of Harappa and Mohenjodaro, two of the main cities that comprise the Indus Valley Civilization. Marshall was educated at Dulwich College as well as King's College, Cambridge.
Princess Ingeborg of Denmark (Ingeborg Charlotta Carolina Frederikke Louise; Charlottenlund, Copenhagen, 2 August 1878 – Stockholm, 11 March/12 March 1958) was a Danish princess and a Swedish princess consort. She was the second daughter and fifth child of King Frederick VIII of Denmark and his queen, Louise of Sweden. She married Prince Carl of Sweden, Duke of Västergötland of Sweden in Copenhagen on 27 August 1897. They had four children: Margaretha, Märtha, Astrid, and Carl.
Jean Crotti (24 April 1878 – 30 January 1958) was a French painter. Crotti was born in Bulle, Fribourg, Switzerland. He first studied in Munich, Germany at the School of Decorative Arts, then at age 23 moved to Paris to study art at the Académie Julian. Initially he was influenced by Impressionism, then by Fauvism and Art Nouveau.