Archduke Charles of Austria, Duke of Teschen (5 September 1771 – 30 April 1847) was an Austrian field-marshal, the son of emperor Leopold II and his wife Infanta Maria Luisa of Spain. He was also the younger brother of Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor. Despite being epileptic, Charles achieved respect both as a commander and as a reformer of the Austrian army. He was considered one of Napoleon's most formidable opponents. He began his career fighting the revolutionary armies of France.
Comte Antoine Drouot (January 11, 1774 – March 24, 1847) was one of Napoleon's generals. Born in Nancy, France, the son of a baker, he trained as an artilleryman and took part in the battles of the French Revolution where he rose through the ranks. Later he had an illustrious career in the many battles of the Empire, notably, Wagram, Moscow, Lützen, Hanau and Waterloo. He became a major-general in 1805 and aide-de-camp to Napoleon in 1813.
Marie Louise of Austria was the second wife of Emperor Napoleon I of France. During her first marriage, she was Empress of the French. In 1817, she became Duchess of Parma, Piacenza and Guastalla. She was the mother of Napoleon II, King of Rome.
Jakob Ludwig Felix Mendelssohn Bartholdy, born, and generally known in English-speaking countries, as Felix Mendelssohn (February 3, 1809 – November 4, 1847) was a German composer, pianist, organist and conductor of the early Romantic period. The grandson of the philosopher Moses Mendelssohn, he was born into a notable Jewish family, although he himself was brought up initially without religion, and later as a Lutheran Christian.
Edward Venables-Vernon-Harcourt (10 October 1757 – 5 November 1847) was an English clergyman who was Bishop of Carlisle from 1791 to 1807, and then Archbishop of York until his death. He was the third son of the George Venables-Vernon, 1st Baron Vernon (1710–1780), and took the additional name of Harcourt on succeeding to the property of his cousin, the last Earl Harcourt, in 1831.
Thomas Newton, Jr. (November 21, 1768 – August 5, 1847) was an American politician. He was born in Norfolk, Virginia. Newton was a member of the Virginia House of Delegates from 1796 to 1799. He served as a Democratic-Republican in the United States House of Representatives from March 4, 1801 to March 9, 1830.
Richard Biddle (March 25, 1796 – July 7, 1847), American author and politician, was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania and died in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Richard Biddle received a classical education and was admitted to the bar, practicing law in Pittsburgh. He went to England in 1827, and remained three years, publishing while there a critical Review of Captain Basil Hall's Travels in North America.
Archibald Yell (August 9, 1797 – February 23, 1847) was a member of the United States House of Representatives, second Governor of the State of Arkansas, and a Brigadier General in the United States Army serving in the Mexican-American War.
Isaac Van Zandt (July 10, 1813 – October 11, 1847) was a political leader in the Republic of Texas. Van Zandt County, Texas, was named in his honor. Van Zandt was born in Franklin County, Tennessee in the United States to Jacob and Mary Isaacs Van Zandt. In 1833 he married Frances Lipscomb and went into a joint business venture with his father by opening a store. Van Zandt later moved to Coffeeville, Mississippi, where he opened his own store.
Sir John Franklin, FRGS (16 April 1786 – 11 June 1847) was a British Royal Navy officer and Arctic explorer who mapped almost two thirds of the northern coastline of North America. Franklin also served as governor of Tasmania for several years. In his last expedition, he disappeared while attempting to chart and navigate a section of the Northwest Passage in the Canadian Arctic.
Jules Auguste Armand Marie, Prince de Polignac (Versailles, 14 May 1780 – Paris, 2 March 1847), was a French statesman. He played a conspicuous part in ultra-royalist reaction after the Revolution. He was appointed Prime minister by Charles X just before the 1830 July Revolution which overthrew the Bourbon Restoration.
Theodore S. Wright (1797-1847) was an African-American abolitionist and minister. He was born in Providence, Rhode Island to free parents—his mother was American, his father from Kenya. He was the first African-American to attend Princeton Theological Seminary, from which he graduated in 1829. Before 1833, he became minister of New York's Colored Presbyterian church. He was a founding member of the American Anti-Slavery Society.
Louise Marie Adélaïde Eugénie d'Orléans (Paris, 23 August 1777 - Paris, 31 December 1847) was one of the twin daughters of Louis Philippe II d'Orléans, known as Philippe Égalité during the French Revolution, and his wife, Louise Marie Adélaïde de Bourbon-Penthièvre. She was titled Mademoiselle de Chartres at birth, Mademoiselle d'Orléans at the death of her twin sister in 1782, Mademoiselle (1783-1812), Madame Adélaïde (1830).
Marie Duplessis (January 15, 1824 – February 3, 1847) was a French courtesan and mistress to a number of prominent and wealthy men. She was the inspiration for Marguerite Gautier, the main character of La Dame aux Camélias by Alexandre Dumas the younger, one of Duplessis' lovers. Much of what is known about her has been derived from the literary persona and contemporary legends.
Mary Anne Lamb (3 December 1764 – 20 May 1847), was an English writer, the sister and collaborator of Charles Lamb. In 1796, Mary, who had suffered a breakdown from the strain of caring for her family, killed her mother with a kitchen knife, and from then on had to be kept under constant supervision. When their senile father died, her younger brother became her official guardian.
Denis O'Conor (1794 – 1847) of Clonalis, County Roscommon, was an Irish nobleman, the O'Conor Don and Member of Parliament (MP) in the British House of Commons. He married, in 1824, Mary Anne, daughter of Major Blake, of Towerbill, County Mayo, and was the father of Charles Owen and Denis Maurice. He was MP for Roscommon from 1831 to 1847. He became a Junior Lord of the Treasury in Lord John Russell's government but died the next year.
Lieutenant-Colonel Sir Richard Henry Bonnycastle (30 September 1791 – 3 November 1847) was an officer of the British army active in Upper Canada. In his capacity as a military engineer, Bonnycastle oversaw the fortification of Fort Henry in modern Kingston, Ontario. Sir Richard Henry Bonnycastle was born in Woolwich to John Bonnycastle and his second wife, Bridget Johnstone. He attended the Royal Military Academy, where his father was professor of mathematics.
Ioannis Kolettis was a Greek politician of Vlach origin who played a significant role in Greek affairs from the Greek War of Independence through the early years of the Greek Kingdom, including as Minister to France and serving twice as Prime Minister.
Finn Magnussen, or Finnur Magnússon, was a Scandinavian scholar and archaeologist. He became professor of literature at Copenhagen in 1815. He is remembered for his translation and exposition of the Elder Edda, and for causing an academic controversy claiming to have deciphered the Runamo inscription.
Virginia Eliza Clemm Poe (née Clemm; August 15, 1822 – January 30, 1847) was the wife of American writer Edgar Allan Poe. The couple were first cousins and married when Virginia Clemm was 13 and Poe was 27. Some biographers have suggested that the couple's relationship was more like that between brother and sister than like husband and wife in that they may have never consummated their marriage.
George Collison (1772-1847) was an English Congregationalist and educator associated with Hackney Academy or Hackney College, which became part of New College London - itself part of the University of London.
Friedrich von Gärtner (December 10, 1791 in Koblenz – April 21, 1847 in Munich) was a German architect. Gärtner and Leo von Klenze are the most well known architects of Bavaria during the reign of Ludwig I. His architecture was generally in the Romanesque style and much to the king's taste. In 1822 Friedrich von Gärtner was appointed artistic director of the Nymphenburg Porcelain Manufactory. From 1842 he was the director of the Academy of Fine Arts in Munich.