Archduke Charles of Austria, Duke of Teschen (5 September 1771 – 30 April 1847) was an Austrian field-marshal, the son of emperor Leopold II and his wife Infanta Maria Luisa of Spain. He was also the younger brother of Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor. Despite being epileptic, Charles achieved respect both as a commander and as a reformer of the Austrian army. He was considered one of Napoleon's most formidable opponents. He began his career fighting the revolutionary armies of France.
Mary Anning (May 21, 1799 – March 9, 1847) was an early 19th-century British fossil collector, dealer and palaeontologist. Due to her skill in locating and preparing fossils, as well as the richness of the Jurassic era marine fossil beds at Lyme Regis where she lived, she made a number of important finds.
Comte Antoine Drouot (January 11, 1774 – March 24, 1847) was one of Napoleon's generals. Born in Nancy, France, the son of a baker, he trained as an artilleryman and took part in the battles of the French Revolution where he rose through the ranks. Later he had an illustrious career in the many battles of the Empire, notably, Wagram, Moscow, Lützen, Hanau and Waterloo. He became a major-general in 1805 and aide-de-camp to Napoleon in 1813.
Marie Louise of Austria was the second wife of Emperor Napoleon I of France. During her first marriage, she was Empress of the French. In 1817, she became Duchess of Parma, Piacenza and Guastalla. She was the mother of Napoleon II, King of Rome.
Jakob Ludwig Felix Mendelssohn Bartholdy, born, and generally known in English-speaking countries, as Felix Mendelssohn (February 3, 1809 – November 4, 1847) was a German composer, pianist, organist and conductor of the early Romantic period. The grandson of the philosopher Moses Mendelssohn, he was born into a notable Jewish family, although he himself was brought up initially without religion, and later as a Lutheran Christian.
William Clowes (January 1, 1779 – January 26, 1847) founded a printing firm, William Clowes Ltd. , in London in 1803. The firm rapidly expanded, and became the largest printing firm in the world. In 1870, the firm amalgamated with William Moore, a Beccles printer who also owned the Caxton press. The firm led the field in the development of monotype composition. In 1984 William Clowes Ltd.
Dónal Ó Conaill (6 August 1775 – 15 May 1847), known as The Liberator, or The Emancipator, was an Irish political leader in the first half of the nineteenth century. He campaigned for Catholic Emancipation - the right for Catholics to sit in the Westminster Parliament, denied for over 100 years — and Repeal of the Union between Ireland and Great Britain.
Fanny Cäcilie Mendelssohn (14 November 1805 – 14 May 1847), later Fanny Hensel, was a German pianist and composer, the sister of the composer Felix Mendelssohn and granddaughter of the philosopher Moses Mendelssohn. She was the grandmother of the philosopher Paul Hensel and the mathematician Kurt Hensel.
Edward Venables-Vernon-Harcourt (10 October 1757 – 5 November 1847) was an English clergyman who was Bishop of Carlisle from 1791 to 1807, and then Archbishop of York until his death. He was the third son of the George Venables-Vernon, 1st Baron Vernon (1710–1780), and took the additional name of Harcourt on succeeding to the property of his cousin, the last Earl Harcourt, in 1831.
Thomas Newton, Jr. (November 21, 1768 – August 5, 1847) was an American politician. He was born in Norfolk, Virginia. Newton was a member of the Virginia House of Delegates from 1796 to 1799. He served as a Democratic-Republican in the United States House of Representatives from March 4, 1801 to March 9, 1830.
Thomas Frognall Dibdin (1776 – 18 November 1847), English bibliographer, born at Calcutta, was the son of Thomas Dibdin, the sailor brother of Charles Dibdin. Dibdin was orphaned at a young age. His father died in 1778 while returning to England and his mother died sometime during the following two years, and an elderly maternal aunt eventually assumed responsibility for Dibdin. He was educated at St John's College, Oxford, and studied for a time at Lincoln's Inn.
Richard Biddle (March 25, 1796 – July 7, 1847), American author and politician, was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania and died in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Richard Biddle received a classical education and was admitted to the bar, practicing law in Pittsburgh. He went to England in 1827, and remained three years, publishing while there a critical Review of Captain Basil Hall's Travels in North America.
Archibald Yell (August 9, 1797 – February 23, 1847) was a member of the United States House of Representatives, second Governor of the State of Arkansas, and a Brigadier General in the United States Army serving in the Mexican-American War.
Isaac Van Zandt (July 10, 1813 – October 11, 1847) was a political leader in the Republic of Texas. Van Zandt County, Texas, was named in his honor. Van Zandt was born in Franklin County, Tennessee in the United States to Jacob and Mary Isaacs Van Zandt. In 1833 he married Frances Lipscomb and went into a joint business venture with his father by opening a store. Van Zandt later moved to Coffeeville, Mississippi, where he opened his own store.
Sir John Franklin, FRGS (16 April 1786 – 11 June 1847) was a British Royal Navy officer and Arctic explorer who mapped almost two thirds of the northern coastline of North America. Franklin also served as governor of Tasmania for several years. In his last expedition, he disappeared while attempting to chart and navigate a section of the Northwest Passage in the Canadian Arctic.
Jules Auguste Armand Marie, Prince de Polignac (Versailles, 14 May 1780 – Paris, 2 March 1847), was a French statesman. He played a conspicuous part in ultra-royalist reaction after the Revolution. He was appointed Prime minister by Charles X just before the 1830 July Revolution which overthrew the Bourbon Restoration.
Theodore S. Wright (1797-1847) was an African-American abolitionist and minister. He was born in Providence, Rhode Island to free parents—his mother was American, his father from Kenya. He was the first African-American to attend Princeton Theological Seminary, from which he graduated in 1829. Before 1833, he became minister of New York's Colored Presbyterian church. He was a founding member of the American Anti-Slavery Society.
Louise Marie Adélaïde Eugénie d'Orléans (Paris, 23 August 1777 - Paris, 31 December 1847) was one of the twin daughters of Louis Philippe II d'Orléans, known as Philippe Égalité during the French Revolution, and his wife, Louise Marie Adélaïde de Bourbon-Penthièvre. She was titled Mademoiselle de Chartres at birth, Mademoiselle d'Orléans at the death of her twin sister in 1782, Mademoiselle (1783-1812), Madame Adélaïde (1830).
Grace Aguilar (2 June 1816 – September 16, 1847), an English novelist and writer on Jewish history and religion, was born in Hackney of Jewish parents of Portuguese descent. She was delicate from childhood, and early showed great interest in history, especially Jewish history. The death of her father threw her on her own resources.