Francis Scott Key (August 1, 1779 – January 11, 1843) was an American lawyer, author, and amateur poet, from Georgetown, who wrote the words to the United States' national anthem, "The Star-Spangled Banner."
Gaspard-Gustave de Coriolis or Gustave Coriolis (21 May 1792 – 19 September 1843) was a French mathematician, mechanical engineer and scientist. He is best known for his work on the supplementary forces that are detected in a rotating frame of reference, and one of those forces nowadays bears his name. See the Coriolis Effect. Coriolis was the first to coin the term "work" for the transfer of energy by a force acting through a distance.
Noah Webster (October 16, 1758 – May 28, 1843) was an American lexicographer, textbook author, spelling reformer, word enthusiast, and editor. He has been called the “Father of American Scholarship and Education. ” His “Blue-Backed Speller” books were used to teach spelling and reading to five generations of American children.
Dr. William Jardine (24 February 1784 – 27 February 1843) was a ship surgeon who went into the agency trading and opium smuggling businesses in China, where he became a powerful merchant and was instrumental in starting the First Opium War. He was a co-founder of Hong Kong conglomerate Jardine, Matheson and Company.
William Abbot, 12 June 1790–1 June 1843 (age 53), was an English actor. He was born in Chelsea, London, and made his first appearance on the stage at Bath in 1806, and his first London appearance in 1808. At Covent Garden in 1813, in light comedy and melodrama, he made his first decided success. He was Pylades to Macready's Orestes in Ambrose Philips's Distressed Mother when Macready made his first appearance at that theatre (1816).
William I Frederick, born Willem Frederik Prins van Oranje-Nassau (The Hague, 24 August 1772 - Berlin, 12 December 1843), was a Prince of Orange and the first King of the Netherlands and Grand Duke of Luxembourg. In Germany he was for some while ruler of the Principality of Nassau-Orange-Fulda from 1803 till 1806 and of the Principality of Orange-Nassau in the year 1806 and from 1813 till 1815.
Robert Southey (12 August 1774 – 21 March 1843) was an English poet of the Romantic school, one of the so-called "Lake Poets", and Poet Laureate for 30 years from 1813 to his death in 1843. Although his fame tends to be eclipsed by that of his contemporaries and friends William Wordsworth and Samuel Taylor Coleridge, Southey's verse enjoys enduring popularity. Moreover, Southey was a prolific letter writer, literary scholar, essay writer, historian and biographer.
Karl Salomo Zachariae von Lingenthal, (September 14, 1769 - March 27, 1843), German jurist, was born at Meissen in Saxony, the son of a lawyer and was the father of Karl Eduard Zachariae. Von Lingenthal received his early education at the famous public school of St. Afra in Meissen and later studied philosophy, history, mathematics and jurisprudence at the University of Leipzig. In 1792 he went to Wittenberg University as tutor to one of the counts of Lippe, and continued his legal studies.
William Hedley (13 July 1779 – 9 January 1843) was one of the leading industrial engineers of the early 19th century, and was very instrumental in several major innovations in early railway development. While working as a 'viewer' or manager at Wylam's Colliery near Newcastle upon Tyne, he built the first practical steam locomotive which relied simply on the adhesion of iron wheels on iron rails. He was born in Newburn, near Newcastle upon Tyne in 1779.
Samuel Morey (October 23, 1762 - April 17, 1843) was an American inventor, who invented an internal combustion engine and was a pioneer in steamships who accumulated a total of 20 patents. He was he second of seven children to Israel Morey (1735-1809) and Martha Palmer (1733-1810) and was Born in Hebron, Connecticut but moved to Orford, New Hampshire, with his family in 1768. He later moved across the Connecticut River to Fairlee, Vermont, but was buried in Orford in 1843.
Abraham Raimbach (16 February 1776 - 17 January 1843), was an English line-engraver of Swiss descent. He was born in Cecil Court in the West End of London. Educated at Archbishop Tenison's Library School, he was apprenticed to the engraver J. Hall from 1789 to 1796.
William Thomas Lowndes (c. 1798 – 31 July 1843), English bibliographer, was born about 1798, the son of a London bookseller. His principal work, The Bibliographer’s Manual of English Literature—the first systematic work of the kind—was published in four volumes in 1834. It took Lowndes fourteen years to compile, but, despite its merits, brought him neither fame nor money. Lowndes, reduced to poverty, subsequently became cataloguer to Henry George Bohn, the bookseller and publisher.
The Prince Augustus Frederick, Duke of Sussex (27 January 1773 – 21 April 1843), was the sixth son of George III of the United Kingdom and his consort, Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz. He was the only surviving son of George III who did not pursue an army or naval career.
Abraham Colles (23 July 1773 – 1843) was professor of Anatomy, Surgery and Physiology at the Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland. He was born into a wealthy family near Milmount, a townsland near Kilkenny, Ireland. His family owned the Black Quarry which produced the famous Black Kilkenny Marble. While he was in grammar school, there was a flood in which a local physician's house was destroyed. Abraham found an anatomy book belonging to the doctor in a field and returned it to him.
John Trumbull (June 6, 1756 – November 10, 1843) was an American artist during the period of the American Revolutionary War famous for his historical paintings. His Declaration of Independence was used on the reverse of the two-dollar bill. Image:TrumbullYorktownportrait. jpg|Trumbull's self portrait painted in the Surrender of Lord Cornwallis Image:John Trumbull Signature. svg|Signature
Smith Thompson (January 17, 1768 – December 18, 1843) was a United States Secretary of the Navy from 1818 to 1823, and a United States Supreme Court Associate Justice from 1823 until his death in 1843. Thompson was born in Amenia, New York. He graduated from Princeton University (then known as the College of New Jersey) in 1788, taught for a short period thereafter, then studied law under James Kent and subsequently set up a law practice.
Sayyid Kāẓim bin Qāsim al-Ḥusaynī ar-Rashtī (1793-1843), mostly known as Siyyid Kázim Rashtí , was the son of Sayyid Qasim of Rasht, a town in northern Iran. He was appointed as the successor of Shaykh Ahmad al-Ahsa'i, and led the Shaykhí movement until his death. He came from a family of well known merchants.