Antonio Canova (1 November 1757 – 13 October 1822) was an Italian sculptor who became famous for his marble sculptures that delicately rendered nude flesh. The epitome of the neoclassical style, his work marked a return to classical refinement after the theatrical excesses of Baroque sculpture.
Bertrand Andrieu (November 4, 1761 – December 10, 1822) was a French engraver of medals from Bordeaux. In France he was considered as the restorer of the art, which had declined after the time of Louis XIV, and during the last twenty years of his life the French government commissiond him to undertake several works. Many of his medals are figured in the Medallic History of Napoleon.
Ernst Theodor Wilhelm Hoffmann (January 24, 1776 – June 25, 1822), better known by his pen name E.T.A. Hoffmann (Ernst Theodor Amadeus Hoffmann), was a German Romantic author of fantasy and horror, a jurist, composer, music critic, draftsman and caricaturist. He is the subject and hero of Jacques Offenbach's famous but fictional opera The Tales of Hoffmann, and the author of the novelette The Nutcracker and the Mouse King, on which the famous ballet The Nutcracker is based.
Sir Frederick William Herschel, KH, FRS, Friedrich Wilhelm Herschel (15 November 1738 – 25 August 1822) was a Hanoverian astronomer, technical expert, and a composer. Early in his life Wilhelm followed his father into the Military Band of Hannover. Later, Herschel became most famous for the discovery of the planet Uranus in addition to several of its major moons such as Titania and Oberon. He also discovered infrared radiation.
Robert Stewart, 2nd Marquess of Londonderry KG, GCH, PC, PC (Ire) (18 June 1769 – 12 August 1822), known to history as Lord Castlereagh, was an Irish and British statesman. As British Foreign Secretary, from 1812 he was central to the management of the coalition that defeated Napoleon and was the principal British diplomat at the Congress of Vienna. Castlereagh was also leader of the British House of Commons in the Liverpool government from 1812 until his death by suicide in August 1822.
Johann Gottlob Theaenus Schneider (18 January 1750–12 January 1822) was a German classicist and naturalist. Schneider was born at Collm in Saxony. In 1774, on the recommendation of Christian Gottlob Heine, he became secretary to the famous Strasbourg scholar Richard François Brunck, and in 1811 became professor of ancient languages and eloquence at Breslau (chief librarian, 1816) where he died in 1822.
John Stark (August 28, 1728 – May 8, 1822) was a New Hampshire general who served in the American Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War. He became widely known as the "Hero of Bennington" for his exemplary service at the Battle of Bennington in 1777. He was married to Molly Stark.
Jean Baptiste Joseph, chevalier Delambre (September 19, 1749, Amiens - August 19, 1822, Paris) was a French mathematician and astronomer. He was also director of the Paris Observatory, and author of well-known books on the history of astronomy from ancient times to the 18th century. After a childhood fever, he suffered from very sensitive eyes, and believed that he would soon go blind.
Nathaniel Smith was a Representative to the United States Congress from Connecticut. He was born in Woodbury, Connecticut on January 6, 1762. He was the brother of Nathan Smith and uncle of Truman Smith. Smith attended the common schools. He became engaged in agricultural pursuits and was also a cattle dealer. Later he studied law and was admitted to the bar in 1787. He commenced the practice of his profession in his hometown Woodbury.
John Julius Angerstein (1732 – 22 January 1823), London merchant, Lloyd's under-writer, and patron of the fine arts, was born in St Petersburg, Russia and settled in London in about 1749. It has wrongly been suggested that he was an illegitimate son of Catherine the Great or of Elizabeth, Empress of Russia, herself the illegitimate daughter of Peter the Great.
Thomas Truxtun (or Truxton) (February 17, 1755 - May 5, 1822) was an American naval officer who rose to the rank of commodore. Born near Hempstead, New York on Long Island, Truxtun had little formal education before joining the crew of the British merchant ship Pitt at the age of twelve. By the time he was twenty, however, his talents had garnered him the command of his own vessel, the Andrew Caldwell.
Ali Pasha of Tepelena or of Yannina, the "Lion of Yannina", (1740 – January 24, 1822) was an Albanian ruler of the western part of Rumelia, the Ottoman Empire's European territory which was also called Pashalik of Yanina. His court was in Ioannina.
George Stephen Kemble (21 April 1758 in Kington, Herefordshire – 5 June 1822 near Durham, County Durham) was a successful theatre manager, British actor, writer, and a member of the famous Kemble family. He was the second son of Roger Kemble, brother of Charles Kemble, John Philip Kemble and Sarah Siddons. He married prominent actress Elizabeth Satchell (1783). His niece was the actress and abolitionist Fanny Kemble.
Thomas Chippendale, the younger, 1749, England - 1822 was the eldest of Thomas Chippendale's eleven children. He took over his father's business on his death in 1779. The company is listed in Sheraton's The Cabinet Directory of 1803, went bankrupt in 1804 but was re-established later. Thomas Chippendale was also a member of the Society of Arts and exhibited his paintings in the Royal Academy between 1784 and 1801.
Jean-Robert Argand (July 18, 1768 – August 13, 1822) was a non-professional mathematician. In 1806, while managing a bookstore in Paris, he published the idea of geometrical interpretation of complex numbers known as the Argand diagram.
Paolo Ruffini (September 22, 1765 – May 10, 1822) was an Italian mathematician and philosopher. By 1788 he had earned university degrees in philosophy, medicine/surgery, and mathematics. Among his work was an incomplete proof that quintic (and higher-order) equations cannot be solved by radicals (1799), and Ruffini's rule which is a quick method for polynomial division. Ruffini also made contributions to group theory in addition to probability and quadrature of the circle.
Jared Ingersoll (October 24, 1749– October 31, 1822) was an early American lawyer and statesman from Philadelphia. He was a delegate to the Continental Congress and signed the U.S. Constitution for Pennsylvania. He joined DeWitt Clinton on the Federalist Party ticket for the U.S. presidential election, 1812, but was defeated by James Madison and Elbridge Gerry.
Pierce Butler (July 11, 1744 – February 15, 1822) was a soldier, planter, and statesman, recognized as one of United States' Founding Fathers. He represented South Carolina in the Continental Congress, the 1787 Constitutional Convention, and the U.S. Senate. Butler defended American slavery for both political and personal motives, though he had private misgivings about the institution, and particularly about the African slave trade.
Roch-Ambroise Cucurron Sicard (20 September 1742 - 10 May 1822) French abbé and instructor of the deaf. Born at Le Fousseret, Haute-Garonne, and educated as a priest, Sicard was made principal of a school for the deaf at Bordeaux in 1786, and in 1789, on the death of the Abbé de l'Epée, succeeded him at Paris. He met Thomas Hopkins Gallaudet while traveling in England and invited Gallaudet to visit the famous school for the deaf in Paris.