Jan Willem de Winter (March 23, 1761, Kampen - June 2, 1812, Paris) was a Dutch admiral of the Napoleonic Wars. De Winter entered naval service as a young boy. He distinguished himself by his zeal and courage, and at the revolution of 1787 he had reached the rank of lieutenant. The overthrow of the patriot party forced him to fly for his safety to France.
Thomas Claiborne (February 1, 1749 – 1812) was a planter and politician from Brunswick County, Virginia, and represented Virginia in the United States House of Representatives from 1793 to 1799 and from 1801 to 1805. Thomas was born in 1749 in Brunswick County, the son of Colonel Augustine and Mary (Herbert) Claiborne. He was the fifth generation of his family in America, descended from William Claiborne who had settled in Virginia in 1621.
Carl Ludwig Willdenow (22 August 1765 - 10 July 1812) was a German botanist, pharmacist, and plant taxonomist. He is considered one of the founders of phytogeography, the study of the geographic distribution of plants. Willdenow was also a mentor of Alexander von Humboldt one of the earliest and best known phytogeographers. Willdenow was born in Berlin and studied medicine and botany at the University of Halle. He was a director of the Botanical garden of Berlin from 1801 until his death.
John Cushing Aylwin (June 14, 1778 – January 28, 1813) was an officer in the United States Navy during the War of 1812. Born in Quebec, Canada, Aylwin worked on board British naval vessels at an early age. Though never formally enrolled in the Royal Navy, he received increasing responsibilities eventually performing the duties of a mate by 1795. He refused the offer of a midshipman's warrant but continued service at sea—apparently against his will—for another six years.
William Wells (c. 1770 – 15 August 1812), also known as Apekonit ("Carrottop"), was the son-in-law of Chief Little Turtle of the Miamis. He fought for the Miami in the Northwest Indian War, but during the course of that war, he became an United States Army officer, and also served in the War of 1812.
Franz Anton Hoffmeister (May 12, 1754 – February 9, 1812) was a German composer and music publisher. Born in Rottenburg am Neckar, he went to Vienna at the age of fourteen to study law. Following his studies, however, he decided on a career in music and by the 1780s he had become one of the city’s most popular composers, with an extensive and varied catalogue of works to his credit. Hoffmeister’s reputation today however rests almost exclusively on his activities as a music publisher.
John Raphael Smith (1752 – 2 March 1812) was an English painter and mezzotint engraver, a son of Thomas Smith of Derby, the landscape painter. He was apprenticed to a linen-draper in Derby, and afterwards pursued the same business in London, adding to his income by producing miniatures.
Tupoumālohi (born sometime in the 18th century, died 1812) was the 16th Tuʻi Kanokupolu of Tonga from the death of his uncle Maʻafuʻolimuloa, the 15th Tuʻi Kanokupolu on 22 April 1799, until his own death in 1812. According to: His installation took place on May 29, 1799 at the Pangai Green in Kolovai in Hihifo (Tongatapu). He established his capital at Nukuʻalofa, the current Tongan capital. He died on Haʻapai in 1812.
Emanuel Schikaneder (Straubing, 1 September 1751 – 21 September 1812, Vienna), born Johann Joseph Schickeneder, was a German impresario, dramatist, actor, and singer. He was the librettist of Mozart's opera The Magic Flute and the builder of the Theater an der Wien.
Count Hieronymus Joseph Franz de Paula Graf Colloredo von Wallsee und Melz (31 May 1732 in Vienna, Austria – 20 May 1812 in Vienna) was Prince-Bishop of Gurk from 1761 and Prince-Archbishop of Salzburg from 1771 until 1803, when the Archbishopric was secularized.
Jonathan Bayard Smith (February 21, 1742 – June 16, 1812) was an American merchant from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He served as a delegate for Pennsylvania to the Continental Congress in 1777 and 1778. Jonathan was the son of Samuel Smith of Portsmouth, New Hampshire, who had moved to Philadelphia and conducted a successful mercantile business. He graduated from Princeton in 1760 and joined his father in business. He also became an early advocate for American Independence.
Henry Scott, 3rd Duke of Buccleuch and 5th Duke of Queensberry KG KT FRSE (2 September 1746 – 11 January 1812) was a Scottish nobleman and long-time friend of the notable Sir Walter Scott. He is the paternal 3rd great-grandfather of HRH Princess Alice, Duchess of Gloucester, and the maternal 4th great-grandfather of HRH Prince William of Gloucester and HRH Prince Richard, Duke of Gloucester.
Thomas Ingersoll (1749–1812) was an early settler in Upper Canada, later Ontario. He is best known as the father of Laura Secord, who warned the British of an impending American attack on Upper Canada during the War of 1812. He was born in Westfield, Massachusetts, later moving to Great Barrington. In 1775, he married Elizabeth Dewey.
Lieutenant Colonel John Macdonell of Greenfield (19 April 1785 – 14 October 1812) was an aide-de-camp to British Major General Sir Isaac Brock during the War of 1812, dying in the Battle of Queenston Heights. He was born on 19 April 1785 in Scotland and came to Canada when he was seven years old. There he studied to become a lawyer and was called to the bar at the age of 23, opening his own law office.
Franz Pforr (April 5, 1788 – June 16, 1812) was a painter of the German Nazarene movement. He was born in Frankfurt am Main. He received his earliest training from his father, the painter Johann Georg Pforr (1745–98), and his uncle, the art professor and first inspector of the painting gallery in Kassel, Johann Heinrich Tischbein the younger (1742–1808).
George Beck (1749 – December 24, 1812) was an artist and poet who flourished in America during the early republic era. Beck was born in England in 1749. He was employed as an instructor in mathematics at Woolwich from 1776, but was afterward dismissed. He emigrated to the United States in 1795, and was employed in painting pictures. One of his paintings, The Great Falls of the Potomac (1796) was purchased by President George Washington.
Robert Willan is the founder of dermatology as a medical specialty. He received his MD in Edinburgh in 1780 and was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1809. He was educated at Sedbergh School. From 1781 Willan practised medicine in Darlington and then moved to London in 1783 as physician to the new Carey Street Public Dispensary, where he remained until 1803 teaching alongside Thomas Bateman.
Joseph Stevens Buckminster (1784–1812) was an influential Unitarian preacher in Boston, Massachusetts and a leader in bringing the German higher criticism of the Bible to America. Born in Portsmouth, New Hampshire to the Rev. Joseph Buckminster, Buckminster was a precocious child. He learned Latin and the Greek New Testament at age four, entered Harvard College at 13, and graduated in 1800 at age 16 with both bachelor's and master's degrees.
Martha Moore Ballard (1734/1735 - 1812) was an American midwife, healer, and diarist. Ballard was born in Oxford, Massachusetts, to Elijah Moore and Dorothy Learned Moore and married Ephraim Ballard in 1754. The couple had nine children between 1756 and 1779 and lost three of them to a diphtheria epidemic in Oxford in the summer of 1769. Ballard's obituary was published on May 31, 1812, in Hallowell/Augusta, Maine.
Franz Ludwig von Cancrin (February 21, 1738 – 1812) was a German mineralogist and metallurgist. He was born into a German mining family where he was trained by his father in the science of mining. In 1764, he entered the service of the landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt at Hanau, becoming professor of mathematics at the military academy, head of the civil engineering department of the state, director of the theatre and (1774) of the mint.
Major-General John Gaspard Le Marchant (9 February 1766 – 22 July 1812) was one of the finest British cavalry generals of his generation; he was also an intellectual soldier who had a great influence on the efficient functioning of the army he served in. He was instrumental in the founding of the earliest British military academy and staff college; and saw active service in the French Revolutionary Wars and the Peninsular War.