William Talbot, 1st Earl Talbot (16 May 1710 – 27 April 1782), known as the Lord Talbot from 1737 to 1761, was an British politician. Talbot was born at Worcester, the son of Charles Talbot, later Baron Talbot. He was educated at Eton from 1725 to 1728 and matriculated at Exeter College, Oxford on 23 January 1727. He was created DCL (Doctor of Civil Law) on 12 June 1736.
Leonard Helm was an early pioneer of Kentucky, and a Virginia officer during the American Revolutionary War. Born around 1720 probably in Fauquier County, Virginia, he died in poverty while fighting Native American allies of British troops during one of the last engagements of the Revolutionary War around June 4, 1782 in Jefferson County, Virginia.
William Crawford (1732 – 11 June 1782) was an American soldier and surveyor who worked as a western land agent for George Washington. Crawford fought in the French and Indian War and the American Revolutionary War. He was tortured and burnt at the stake by American Indians in retaliation for the Gnadenhutten massacre, a notorious incident near the end of the American Revolution.
Ange-Jacques Gabriel (October 23, 1698 – January 4, 1782) was the most prominent French architect of his generation. Born to a Parisian family of architects and initially trained by the royal architect Robert de Cotte and his father (who died in 1742), whom he assisted in the creation of the Place Royale (now Place de la Bourse) at Bordeaux (completed in 1735), the younger Gabriel was made a member of the Académie royale d'architecture in 1728.
Prince August Aleksander Czartoryski (1697–1782) was a Polish-Lithuanian noble, magnate, and founder of the family fortune. August became Major-General of the Polish Army in 1729, voivode of the Ruthenian Voivodship in 1731, General Starost of Podolia in 1750–1758, and a Knight of Malta. He was Starost of Warsaw, Kościerzyna, Lubochnia, Kałusz, Latowicz, Lucyn, Wąwolnica, Kupiski and Pieniań. He supported Stanisław I Leszczyński during the War of the Polish Succession in 1733.
John Peck Rathbun (1746–1782) was an officer in the Continental Navy and in the United States Navy. Rathbun was from Rhode Island with family in Boston. Rathbun served in the Continental Navy from its late 1775 beginning as John Paul Jones First Lieutenant.
Prince Stanisław Lubomirski (1722–1782) was a Polish nobleman. He was awarded Knight of the Order of the White Eagle on August 3, 1757 in Warsaw. He was the Grand Guardian of the Crown from 1752, onward, the Grand Marshal of the Crown starting in 1766, and the owner of Łańcut, Wiśnicz and Przeworsk estates. He was married to Princess Elżbieta Czartoryska since June 9, 1753. His houses included Lubomirski Palace in Lwow.
Dr. Thomas Newton was an English cleric, biblical scholar and author. He served as the Bishop of Bristol from 1761 to 1782. Newton was educated at Trinity College, Cambridge, and was subsequently elected a fellow of Trinity. He was ordained in the Church of England, and continued scholarly pusuits. His best remembered works include his annotated edition of Paradise Lost, including a biography of John Milton published in 1749.
Michael Francklin or Franklin (6 December 1733 – 8 November 1782) served as Nova Scotia's Lieutenant Governor from 1766-1772. Born in Poole, England, Francklin immigrated to Halifax, Nova Scotia in 1752. He worked as a trader and merchant, initially in association with Joshua Maugher. Frankcklin was captured by a Mi'kmaw raiding party in 1754 and held captive for three months in which he learned the Mi'kmaw language and developed an appreciation for native culture.
Giuseppe Luigi Assemani (1710 on Mount Lebanon Tripoli – February 9, 1782 in Rome) was a Lebanese orientalist and a Professor of Oriental languages at Rome. Assemani came from a well known family of Lebanese Maronites that included several notable Orientalists.
John Adam Treutlen (January 16, 1734 – March 1, 1782) arrived in colonial America as an indentured servant and rose to become a wealthy merchant and landowner. He was a leader in Georgia of the American Revolution and helped write Georgia’s first constitution. In 1777, he was elected Georgia’s first (post-British) governor. He was one of Georgia's few governors to die by violence, and much of his life has been surrounded by mystery and controversy.
John Todd (March 27, 1750 – August 18, 1782) was a frontier military officer during the American Revolutionary War and the first administrator of the Illinois County of the U.S. state of Virginia before that state ceded the territory to the federal government.
Archbishop Francisco Ramón Herboso y Figueroa (c. 1720–1782) was born in Lima. He was the archbishop of La Plata o Charcas, an area now known as Sucre, Bolivia. He was appointed to this position in 1776. He died in Charcas Province.
Andreas Sigismund Marggraf (3 March 1709 – 7 August 1782) was a German chemist and pioneer of analytical chemistry from Berlin, which was then the capital of Brandenburg, a major principality of the Holy Roman Empire. He isolated zinc in 1746 by heating calamine and carbon. Though he was not the first to do so, Marggraf is credited with carefully describing the process and establishing its basic theory.
John Wood, the Younger (25 February 1728, Bath - 18 June 1782, Batheaston) was an English architect, working principally in the city of Bath, Somerset. He began his work as an assistant for his father, the architect John Wood, the Elder. Among his works which survive today is the Royal Crescent, Bath Assembly Rooms and Buckland House in Buckland, Oxfordshire. He also finished The Circus which was designed by his father and completed in 1764.
Prince Antoni Lubomirski (1718–1782) was a Polish nobleman, landowner, and general. Antoni was the owner of Przeworsk and Boguchwała. He became Grand Guardian of the Crown in 1748, and was also a Lieutenant-General. From 1778 onward, he was voivode of Lublin Voivodeship, and from 1779 onward of the Kraków Voivodeship. He became Castellan of Kraków in 1779, and was also and starost of Piotrków.
John Campbell, 3rd Earl of Breadalbane and Holland, KB (10 March 1696 – 26 January 1782) was a Scottish nobleman, diplomat and politician. He was the son of John Campbell, 2nd Earl of Breadalbane and Holland and Henrietta Villiers. Educated at Christ Church, Oxford, he was styled Lord Glenorchy from 1716 until 1752, when he succeeded to the earldom. He was married on 20 February 1717 to Lady Amabel de Grey, a daughter of Henry Grey, 1st Duke of Kent and Jemima Crew.
John Fothergill (1730–1782) was a merchant from Birmingham, England. Fothergill was the manufacturer Matthew Boulton's business partner between 1762 and 1782. Fothergill's expertise was mainly in trading - he had served an apprenticeship in Königsberg, spoke French and German, and had travelled widely in Europe as an agent for other manufacturers. Together they opened the Soho Manufactory, one of the earliest factories in Birmingham.
Henri-Louis Duhamel du Monceau (20 July 1700, Paris - 13 August 1782, Paris), was a French physician, naval engineer and botanist. Elected to the French Academy of Sciences in 1738, he served three times as its president, and left an important body of scientific work in such diverse fields as the construction and service of ships, fishing, the cultivation and storage of wheat, and silviculture.
Joshua Huddy (November 8, 1735 – April 12, 1782), the commander of a New Jersey Patriot militia unit and a privateer ship during the American Revolutionary War, was captured by Loyalist forces twice, escaped once, and was hanged by them after his second capture in what was decried as a lynching. His death became the first international incident in the history of the United States and Huddy entered history as “the hero martyr of old Monmouth. ”
Johann Caspar Füssli (3 January 1706 – 6 May 1782) was a Swiss portrait painter. He was born in Zurich to Hans Rudolf Füssli, who was also a painter, and Elisabeth Schärer. He studied painting in Vienna between 1724 and 1731, and then became a portraitist in the courts of southern Germany. In 1736, he returned to Zurich, where he painted the members of the Government and figures of the Enlightenment era such as Johann Jakob Bodmer or Friedrich Gottlieb Klopstock. He died in Zurich.
Matonabbee (c. 1737-1782) was a Chipewyan hunter and leader. He traveled with Chief Akaitcho's older brother, Keskarrah. After his father died, Matonabbee spent some time living at Fort Prince of Wales where he learned to speak English. He acted as a guide for Samuel Hearne during his exploration from 1770 to 1772. On July 14, 1771, on Arctic overland journey, he and his tribe massacred a group of over 20 unsuspecting Inuit; this would be known as the Bloody Falls Massacre.
Jean Baptiste Bourguignon d'Anville (1697–1782), perhaps the greatest geographical author of the 18th century, was born at Paris on the 11th of July 1697. Both a geographer and cartographer, he greatly improved the standards of map-making. His maps of ancient geography, characterized by careful, accurate work and based largely on original research, are especially valuable.