Francis Scott Key (August 1, 1779 – January 11, 1843) was an American lawyer, author, and amateur poet, from Georgetown, who wrote the words to the United States' national anthem, "The Star-Spangled Banner."
Peter Mark Roget FRS (18 January 1779 – 12 September 1869) was a British physician, natural theologian and lexicographer. He is best known for publishing, in 1852, the Thesaurus of English Words and Phrases, a classified collection of related words.
William Lamb, 2nd Viscount Melbourne, PC, FRS (15 March 1779 – 24 November 1848) was a British Whig statesman who served as Home Secretary (1830–1834) and Prime Minister (1834 and 1835–1841), and was a mentor of Queen Victoria. The city of Melbourne in Australia was named after him.
William Clowes (January 1, 1779 – January 26, 1847) founded a printing firm, William Clowes Ltd. , in London in 1803. The firm rapidly expanded, and became the largest printing firm in the world. In 1870, the firm amalgamated with William Moore, a Beccles printer who also owned the Caxton press. The firm led the field in the development of monotype composition. In 1984 William Clowes Ltd.
Commodore Stephen Decatur, Jr. (5 January 1779 – 22 March 1820) was an American naval officer notable for his heroism in the Barbary Wars and in the War of 1812. He was the youngest man to reach the rank of captain in the history of the United States Navy, and the first American celebrated as a national military hero who had not played a role in the American Revolution.
William Hedley (13 July 1779 – 9 January 1843) was one of the leading industrial engineers of the early 19th century, and was very instrumental in several major innovations in early railway development. While working as a 'viewer' or manager at Wylam's Colliery near Newcastle upon Tyne, he built the first practical steam locomotive which relied simply on the adhesion of iron wheels on iron rails. He was born in Newburn, near Newcastle upon Tyne in 1779.
Henry Thomas Cockburn (October 26, 1779 – April 26, 1854) was a Scottish judge and biographer, with the style of Lord Cockburn. His father, a keen Tory, was a baron of the Court of Exchequer, and his mother was connected by marriage with Lord Melville. He was educated at the Royal High School and the University of Edinburgh. He was a member of the famous Speculative Society, to which Sir Walter Scott, Henry Brougham and Francis Jeffrey belonged.
John Cleves Symmes, Jr. (1779 – May 1829) was born in New Jersey to Timothy Symmes. In some local dealings he used the name Junior to distinguish himself from his prominent uncle John Cleves Symmes. His cousin, Anna Harrison briefly served as First Lady of the United States. He died in May 1829 and is buried in Symmes Parkat Hamilton, Ohio. His son, Americus Symmes, erected a Hollow Earth monument above his grave.
Thomas Gaisford (22 December 1779 – 2 June 1855) was an English classical scholar. He was born at Iford Manor, Wiltshire, and entered the University of Oxford in 1797, becoming successively student and tutor of Christ Church. In 1811, he was appointed Regius Professor of Greek in the University. Taking orders, he held (1815–1847) the college living of Westwell, Oxfordshire, and other ecclesiastical preferments simultaneously with his professorship.
Mustafa IV (September 8, 1779 – November 15/16, 1808), son of Abdülhamid I (1774– 1789), reigned briefly as Sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1807 to 1808. He was born in Istanbul. His mother was Valide Sultan Ayse Seniyeperver. His mother was taken care of his education, but Mustafa was a greedy, cunning and a nervous man and he preferred to live a life of pleasure rather than to be educated.
Lorenz Oken (August 1, 1779 – August 11, 1851) was a German naturalist. Oken was born Lorenz Okenfuss in Bohlsbach (now part of Offenburg) in Swabia and studied natural history and medicine at the universities of Freiburg and Würzburg. He went on to the University of Göttingen, where he became a Privatdozent (unsalaried lecturer), and shortened his name to Oken.
Zebulon Montgomery Pike Jr. (January 5, 1778 – April 27, 1813) was an American soldier and explorer for whom Pikes Peak in Colorado is named. His Pike expedition, often compared to the Lewis and Clark Expedition, mapped much of the southern portion of the Louisiana Purchase.
Joseph Story (September 18, 1779 – September 10, 1845) was an American lawyer and jurist who served on the Supreme Court of the United States from 1811 to 1845. He is most remembered today for his opinions in Martin v. Hunter's Lessee and The Amistad, along with his magisterial Commentaries on the Constitution of the United States, first published in 1833. Dominating the field in the 19th century, this work is one of the chief cornerstones of early American jurisprudence.
Maria Antonovna Naryshkina, born Princess Maria Antonovna Svyatopolk-Chetvertinskaya was a Polish noble, for thirteen years the mistress of Tsar Alexander I of Russia. Daughter of the Polish prince Antoni Stanisław Czetwertyński-Światopełk and 1795 married to Dmitry Lvovich Naryshkin. In 1799, she enterred in to a relationship with Alexander, who became tsar in 1801, with her spouse's approval. She was well liked by Alexander's family except by his spouse, the empress.
Mountstuart Elphinstone (6 October 1779 – 20 November 1859) was a Scottish statesman and historian, associated with the government of British India. He later became the Governor of Bombay where he is credited with the opening of several educational institutions accessible to the Indian population. Besides being a noted administrator, he wrote books on India and Afghanistan.
John Disney (29 May 1779 – 6 May 1857) was an English barrister and archaeologist. Born at Flintham Hall, Nottinghamshire, he was the eldest son of John Disney, a Unitarian clergyman. Disney was educated at home until the age of 16, when he went to Peterhouse, Cambridge. In 1798 he was admitted to the Inner Temple, and was called to the Bar in 1803. Subsequently he was appointed Recorder of Bridport in 1807 and Sheriff of Dorset in 1818.
John Galt (2 May 1779 – 11 April 1839) was a Scottish novelist. Born in Irvine, North Ayrshire, Scotland, Galt was the son of a naval captain. When his family relocated to Malden in 1789, Galt became an apprentice and junior clerk, writing essays and stories for local journals in his spare time. He moved to London in 1804 to seek his fortune and in 1809 began studying law at Lincoln's Inn. While subsequently traveling in Europe, Galt met and befriended Lord Byron.
Washington Allston (November 5, 1779 – July 9, 1843) was an American poet and influential painter, born in Waccamaw Parish, South Carolina. Allston pioneered America's Romantic movement of landscape painting. He was well known during his lifetime for his experiments with dramatic subject matter and his bold use of light and atmospheric color.