Andrew Marvell (31 March 1621 – 16 August 1678) was an English metaphysical poet, Parliamentarian, and the son of a Church of England clergyman (also named Andrew Marvell). As a metaphysical poet, he is associated with John Donne and George Herbert. He was a colleague and friend of John Milton. Marvell was born in Winestead-in-Holderness, East Riding of Yorkshire, near the city of Kingston upon Hull.
Jan Brueghel the Younger (September 13, 1601 – September 1, 1678) was a Flemish Baroque painter, and the son of Jan Brueghel the Elder. He was trained by his father and spent his career producing works in a similar style. Along with his brother Ambrosius, he produced landscapes, allegorical scenes and other works of meticulous detail. Brueghel also copied works by his father and sold them with his father's signature.
Jacob Jordaens (19 May 1593 – 18 October 1678) was one of three Flemish Baroque painters, along with Peter Paul Rubens and Anthony van Dyck, to bring prestige to the Antwerp school of painting. Unlike those contemporaries he never traveled abroad to study Italian painting, and his career is marked by an indifference to their intellectual and courtly aspirations. In fact, except for a few short trips to locations in the Low Countries, he remained in Antwerp his entire life.
John Berkeley, 1st Baron Berkeley of Stratton (1602 – 28 August 1678) was an English royalist soldier. From 1648 he was closely associated with James, Duke of York, and rose to prominence, fortune and fame.
John Jenkins (1592–1678), English composer, was born in Maidstone, Kent, and died at Kimberley, Norfolk. Little is known of his early life. The son of Henry Jenkins, a carpenter who occasionally made musical instruments, he may have been the "Jack Jenkins" employed in the household of Anne, Countess of Warwick in 1603. The first positive historical record of Jenkins is amongst the musicians who performed the Masque The Triumph of Peace in 1634 at the court of King Charles I.
Wu Sangui (1612 – October 2, 1678) was a Ming Chinese general who was instrumental in the succession of rule to the Qing Dynasty in 1644. Considered by traditional scholars as a traitor to both the Ming and the Qing dynasties, Wu declared himself Emperor of China as ruler of the Zhou Dynasty in 1678, but his revolt was quelled by the Qing Kangxi Emperor.
Juan García de Zéspedes (born in Puebla?, Mexico, ca. 1619 – died in Puebla, 5 August 1678) was a Mexican composer, singer, and viol player and teacher. As a boy he was a soprano in the choir at Puebla Cathedral in 1630 under Juan Gutiérrez de Padilla. In 1664 he succeeded maestro Gutiérrez de Padilla in an interim capacity. The title maestro became permanent in 1670.
Thomas Stanley (1625 – 12 April 1678) was an English author and translator. He was the son of Sir Thomas Stanley of Cumberlow, Hertfordshire and his wife, Mary Hammond. Mary was the cousin of Richard Lovelace, and Stanley was educated in company with the son of Edward Fairfax, the translator of Tasso. He proceeded to Cambridge in 1637, in his thirteenth year, as a gentleman commoner of Pembroke Hall. In 1641 he took his M.A. degree, but seems by that time to have proceeded to Oxford.
Caesar van Everdingen (1616/17, Alkmaar - buried October 13, 1678, Alkmaar), older brother of Allart van Everdingen, was a Dutchman mainly known as a portrait painter. Like Caesar, his brother Allart was also a painter. Caesar Pietersz van Everdingen also known as Caesar Bovetius van Everdingen was educated in Utrecht, Caesar became a member of the St. Lucas gild in Alkmaar in 1632. His first know painting dates from 1636.
Jerónimo Lobo (1593 – 29 January 1678) was a Portuguese Jesuit missionary. He was born in Lisbon the third of at least five sons and six daughters to Francisco Lobo da Gama, the Governor of Cape Verde, and Dona Maria Brandão de Vasconcelos. He entered the Order of Jesus at the age of 14. In 1621 he was ordered as a missionary to India, and after surviving an attack on the fleet carrying him by British and Dutch ships off Mozambique, he arrived at Goa in December 1622.
Arthur Chichester, 2nd Earl of Donegall (died 26 October 1678) was an Anglo-Irish politician. Chichester was the son of Lieutenant Colonel John Chichester, of Dungannon, County Tyrone, the latter being the younger brother of Arthur Chichester, 1st Earl of Donegall. He was knighted at Whitehall in 1660, and served in the Irish House of Commons as Member of Parliament for Dungannon (1661–1666). He was also made an Irish Privy Counsellor in 1672.
Sir Edmund Berry Godfrey (23 December 1621 – 12 October 1678) was an English magistrate whose mysterious death caused anti-Catholic uproar in England. Contemporary documents also spell the name Edmundbury Godfrey.
Robert Nanteuil (1623 or 1630 – 1678) was a French printmaker in engraving. He was born about 1623, or, as other authorities state, in 1630, the son of a merchant of Reims. Having received an excellent classical education, he studied engraving under his brother-in-law, Nicholas Regnesson; and, his crayon portraits having attracted attention, he was pensioned by Louis XIV and appointed designer and engraver of the cabinet to that monarch.
Joan Maetsuycker (October 14, 1606, Amsterdam - January 24, 1678, Batavia) was Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies from 1653 to 1678. Maetsuycker studied law in Leuven, and was a lawyer first in The Hague, and later in Amsterdam. From 1636, he lived in the Dutch East Indies. In 1646 he became the first dutch Governor-General of Ceylon, and seven years later, the Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies.
Tokugawa Masako (November 23, 1607 - August 2, 1678) was the daughter of Tokugawa Hidetada, the second shogun of Japan. She married Emperor Go-Mizunoo in 1620. When the Emperor Go-Mizunoo abdicated in 1629, their daughter Imperial Princess Kazu-no-miya Okiko became the Empress Meishō (reigned 1629-43). She used her wealth to bring together Edo and Kyoto and also to keep the high standards of the court.
Major-General Robert Overton (about 1609–1678) was prominent soldier and scholar, who supported the Parliamentary cause during the English Civil War, and was imprisoned a number of times during the Protectorate and the English Restoration for his strong republican views.
Francis Seymour, 5th Duke of Somerset (17 January 1658 – 20 April 1678), known as The Lord Seymour of Trowbridge between 1665 and 1675, was an English peer. He was the son of Charles Seymour, 2nd Baron Seymour of Trowbridge and Elizabeth Alington (1635-92). He died aged 20, unmarried and childless, having been shot dead by Horatio Botti, whose wife Seymour is said to have insulted at Lerici. He was succeeded by his brother Charles Seymour.
Otto Marseus van Schrieck (ca. 1619, Nijmegen – buried June 22, 1678, Amsterdam) was a painter in the Dutch Golden Age. Marseus van Schrieck spent the years 1648-1657 in Rome and Florence with the painters Matthias Withoos and Willem van Aelst, after which he settled in Amsterdam. He is best known for his paintings of forest flora and fauna. In Arnold Houbraken's biography of him, he mentions that he was called the "sniffer", because he was always sniffing strange lizards and snakes.
Dr. Robert Thoroton (4 October 1623 – c. 21 November 1678) was an English antiquary who belonged to an old Nottinghamshire family, which took its name from Thoroton, near Newark. He resided mainly at another village in the same neighborhood, Car Colston, where he practised as a physician and where he lived the life of a country gentleman.
Walter Aston, 2nd Lord Aston of Forfar (6 April 1609 – 23 April 1678) was a son of Walter Aston, 1st Lord Aston of Forfar, and Gertrude Sadleir of Standon. In 1639, he succeeded his father as Lord Aston of Forfar in the peerage of Scotland. And, in 1660, at the death of his maternal uncle Ralph Sadleir, he inherited the lordship of Standon and other estates in Hertfordshire, England. Lord Aston was a staunch Royalist during the English Civil War.
William Paget, 5th Baron Paget (13 September 1609 – 19 October 1678) an English peer born at Beaudesert House Staffordshire, England to William Paget, 4th Baron Paget and Lettice Knollys. He was a Parliamentarian with land in Buckinghamshire at the outbreak of the English Civil War, he was made the Parliamentarian Lord Lieutenant of Buckinghamshire in 1641.