Herman Boerhaave (Voorhout, December 31, 1668 – Leiden, September 23, 1738) was a Dutch botanist, humanist and physician of European fame. He is regarded as the founder of clinical teaching and of the modern academic hospital. His main achievement was to demonstrate the relation of symptoms to lesions.
Johann Albert Fabricius (November 11, 1668 – April 30, 1736) was a German classical scholar and bibliographer. He was born at Leipzig. His father, Werner Fabricius, director of music in the church of St. Paul at Leipzig, was the author of several works, the most important being Deliciae Harmonicae (1656). The son received his early education from his father, who on his deathbed recommended him to the care of the theologian Valentin Alberti. He studied under J.G.
Giovanni Battista (Giambattista) Vico or Vigo (23 June 1668 – 23 January 1744) was an Italian philosopher, rhetorician, historian, and jurist. A critic of modern rationalism and apologist of classical antiquity, Vico's magnum opus is titled "Principles/Origins of [re]New[ed] Science about the Common Nature of Nations" (Principi di Scienza Nuova d'intorno alla Comune Natura delle Nazioni).
Pieter Burman (1668 – March 31, 1741), often called Burmann, and known as the Elder, to distinguish him from his nephew, was a Dutch classical scholar, born at Utrecht. At the age of thirteen he entered the university where he studied under Graevius and Gronovius. He devoted himself particularly to the study of the classical languages, and became unusually proficient in Latin composition. As he was intended for the legal profession, he spent some years in attendance on the law classes.
John Eccles (1668 – 12 January 1735) was an English composer. Born in London, eldest son of professional musician Solomon Eccles, John Eccles was appointed to the King's Private Musick in 1694, and in 1700 became Master of the King's Musick. Also in 1700 he finished second in a competition to write music for William Congreve's masque The Judgement of Paris.
François Couperin (10 November 1668 – 11 September 1733) was a French Baroque composer, organist and harpsichordist. François Couperin was known as "Couperin le Grand" (Couperin the Great) to distinguish him from the other members of the musically talented Couperin family.
Robert Gordon (1668–1731), a 17th century merchant and philanthropist, was born in Aberdeen. He was the only son of Arthur Gordon who married Isabella Menzies of Balgownie. When Arthur Gordon, a well respected advocate in the Edinburgh courts, died in 1680, he left his twelve year old son the sum of 20,000 merks (about £1,100 then and considerably more in modern currency). When Gordon reached the age of sixteen he became a Burgess of the City of Aberdeen.
Richard Estcourt (1668–1712), English actor, began by playing comedy parts in Dublin. His first London appearance was in 1704 as Dominick, in Dryden's Spanish Friar, and he continued to take important parts at Drury Lane, being the original Pounce in Steele's Tender Husband (1705), Sergeant Kite in Farquhar's Recruiting Officer, and Sir Francis Gripe in Mrs Centlivre's Busybody. He was an excellent mimic and a great favourite socially.
Soltan Hosein (also known as Soltan Hosayn) (born ?1668; died 1726; reigned 1694-1722) was a Safavid king of Iran. He ruled from 1694 until he was overthrown in 1722 by Mir Mahmud Hotaki, an Afghan warrior. His reign saw the downfall of the Safavid dynasty, which had ruled Persia since the beginning of the 16th century.
Joseph Bingham (September, 1668 – August 17, 1723), English scholar and divine, was born at Wakefield in Yorkshire. He was educated at University College, Oxford, of which he was made fellow in 1689 and tutor in 1691. A sermon preached by him from the university pulpit, St Mary's, on the meaning of the terms Person and Substance in the Fathers, brought upon him a most unjust accusation of heresy.
Thomas Innes Pitt, 1st Earl of Londonderry (c. 1668 – 12 September 1729) was a British politician. He served as Governor of the Leeward Islands from 1728 to 1729. Pitt was the second son of Thomas Pitt, of Boconnoc, and his wife Jane Innes, daughter of James Innes. William Pitt the Elder was his nephew and William Pitt the Younger his great-nephew. Pitt sat as a Member of Parliament for Wilton from 1713 to 1727 and for Old Sarum from 1727 to 1728.
Sophia Charlotte of Hanover was a Prussian Queen consort, the daughter of Ernst August, Elector of Hanover and Sophia of the Palatinate. Her eldest brother Georg Ludwig would succeed to the British throne in 1714 as King George I. She was once rumoured to be marrying the widower Louis XIV.
Donough [Donagh] MacCarthy, 4th Earl of Clancarty (1668, Blarney – 1 October 1734, Praalshof near Altona, Germany) was an Irish supporter of James II, banished after the victory of William of Orange; His peerage was attained in 1691. He lived out his life in exile in The Netherlands and Germany. As the heir of his father's massive Irish estates at Cork and Kerry (inherited 1676, age 8) his upbringing was a matter of high policy.
George Powell (1668? - 1714) was a 17th century London actor and playwright who was a member of the United Company. He wrote a misogynistic play called The Imposture Defeated; or, A Trick to Cheat the Devil, first performed in September, 1697. This play portrayed the proper treatment of an adulteress as brutal confinement and isolation from others to punish her and prevent the spread of her attitude. It is thought that this play was rushed out as a result of Mr.
Prince Anikita Ivanovich Repnin (1668 — 3 July 1726, Riga) was a prominent Russian general during the Great Northern War who superintended the taking of Riga in 1710 and served as the Governor of Livland from 1719 until his death. Coming from the great Repnin family, Anikita was one of the collaborators of Peter the Great, with whom he grew up.
Admiral of the Fleet George Byng, 1st Viscount Torrington, KB PC (1668 – 17 January 1733) was a British naval officer and statesman of the late 17th and early 18th centuries. His career included service as First Lord of the Admiralty during the reign of King George II. Byng was born at Wrotham, Kent, England. At the age of 10 (1678) he entered the Royal Navy as a King's Letter Boy.