Thomas Baltzar (c. 1631 – July 24, 1663) was a German violinist and composer. He was born in Lübeck to a musical family; his father, grandfather, and great-grandfather were all musicians. Sources suggest an array of music teachers who may have taught him in his early years. According to the writings of Samuel Hartlib, composer and violinist Johann Schop was one of those instructors. Baltzar may have studied the violin with Gregor Zuber and composition with Franz Tunder.
Philippe de Carteret III, 4th Seigneur of Sark (1620–1663) was the son of Philippe de Carteret II. He succeeded to the Seigneurie of Sark on the death of his father in 1643. During the English Civil War he acted as lieutenant to George Carteret, and was knighted on the beach of St Aubin's Bay in Jersey by the exiled Charles, Prince of Wales in 1645. In 1661 he became Bailiff of Jersey.
George Goring, 1st Earl of Norwich (28 April 1585 – 6 January 1663) was an English soldier. He was the son of George Goring of Hurstpierpoint and Ovingdean, Sussex, and of Anne Denny, sister of Edward Denny, Earl of Norwich. He matriculated from Sidney Sussex College, Cambridge in 1600, and may subsequently have spent some time in Flanders. He was knighted in and became a favourite at court, benefitting largely from monopolies granted by King Charles I.
Count Hans Christoff von Königsmarck, of Tjust (March 4, 1600, Kötzlin, Altmark – March 8, 1663, Stockholm), son of Conrad von Königsmarck and Beatrix von Blumenthal, was a Swedish-German soldier who commanded Sweden's legendary flying column, a force which played a key role in Gustavus Adolphus' strategy. He was appointed major general in 1640, Governor General of Bremen-Verden, in 1645, Privy Councilor in 1651, and field marshal, in 1655.
Gauthier de Costes, seigneur de la Calprenède (1609 or 1610 – 1663) was a French novelist and dramatist. He was born at the Château of Tolgou, near Sarlat. After studying at Toulouse, he came to Paris and entered the regiment of the guards, becoming in 1650 gentleman-in-ordinary of the royal household. He died in 1663 in consequence of a kick from his horse. La Calprenède was the author of several long heroic romances ridiculed by Boileau. They are: Cassandre (10 vols.
Torii Tadaharu (1624 - September 2, 1663) was a Japanese daimyo of the early Edo period who ruled the Takatō Domain in Shinano Province. Tadaharu was the 3rd son of Torii Tadamasa, the lord of the Yamagata Domain. As his father died before a successor was named from among his sons, the Torii family's holdings were confiscated.
The Reverend Henry Lucas (c. 1610 – December 1663) was Member of Parliament for Cambridge University from 1639 to 1640. He died, a bachelor, in 1663, and is now mainly remembered as a benefactor. In his will, Lucas founded the Henry Lucas Charity with a bequest of £7,000, to be spent on building an almshouse for poor old men and on employing a chaplain as its Master.
Severo Bonini (23 December 1582 – 5 December 1663) was an Italian composer, organist and writer on music. He was born in Florence and became a Benedictine monk. He studied singing with Giulio Caccini. He served as organist in Forlì from 1613 and held a number of other posts before returning to Florence in 1640 where he was maestro di cappella and organist at Santa Trinita until his death. He died in Florence. He published several books of music, including motets and madrigals.
Nzinga Mbande (c. 1583 – December 17, 1663), also known as Ana de Sousa Nzinga Mbande, was a 17th Century queen (muchino a muhatu) of the Ndongo and Matamba Kingdoms of the Mbundu people in southwestern Africa.
Francesco Maria Grimaldi, born April 2, 1618 in Bologna and dead on December 28, 1663 in Bologna, was an Italian Jesuit priest, mathematician and physicist who taught at the Jesuit college in Bologna. Between 1640 and 1650, working with Riccioli, he investigated the free fall of objects, confirming that the distance of fall was proportional to the square of the time taken.
Saint Joseph of Cupertino (June 17, 1603 – September 18, 1663) was an Italian saint. He was said to have been remarkably unclever, but prone to miraculous levitation and intense ecstatic visions that left him gaping. In turn, he is recognized as the patron saint of air travelers, aviators, astronauts, people with a mental handicap, test takers, and weak students. He was canonized in the year 1767.
Heinrich Scheidemann (ca. 1595 – 1663) was a German organist and composer. He was the best-known composer for the organ in north Germany in the early to mid-17th century, and was an important forerunner of Dieterich Buxtehude and J.S. Bach.
Adam Adami (1603 or 1610 – 19 February 1663) was a German diplomat and priest. Born in Mülheim am Rhein, Adami seems to have made his first studies in Cologne. At the age of 19, he entered the Benedictine abbey of Brauweiler and occupied himself with theology and law studies. In 1633, he received the ordination to priesthood, one year later he became rector of the Benedictine seminary in Cologne, where he also acquired a doctorate in theology. In 1637 he followed a call to the abbey of St.
Edward Burrough (1634 - 1663) was an early British Quaker leader and controversialist. He is regarded as one of the Valiant Sixty, early Quaker preachers and missionaries. Burrough was born in Underbarrow, Cumbria, and educated in the Church of England, but became a Presbyterian before converting to Quakerism. He heard George Fox preach in 1652 and immediately converted to what later came to be known as the Religious Society of Friends during his late teens.
Robert Sanderson (19 September 1587 – 29 January 1663) was an English theologian and casuist. He was born in Sheffield in Yorkshire and grew up at Gilthwaite Hall, near Rotherham. He was educated at Lincoln College, Oxford. Entering the Church, he rose to be Bishop of Lincoln. His work on logic, Logicae Artis Compendium (1615), was long a standard treatise on the subject.
Claude de Bourdeille, comte de Montrésor (c. 1606-1663) was a French aristocrat and Count of Montrésor, who played a role in the intrigues of the first half of the 17th century, and was also a memoir-writer. He left his Mémoires, published posthumously in 1663.
Lew Sapieha (1557-1633). He was born in place Astrouna, near Vitsebsk, Belarus. He became Great Secretary of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania in 1580, Great Clerk of the Grand Duchy in 1581, Court Chancellor of the GDL in 1585, Grand Chancellor of the GDL from 1589 until 1623, Voivode of Vilnius in 1621, Great Lithuanian Hetman in 1623 and starost of Slonim, Brest and Mogilev. Lew is considered as a great political figure of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth.
John Bramhall (1594 – 25 June 1663) was an Archbishop of Armagh, and an Anglican theologian and apologist. He was a noted controversialist who doggedly defended the English Church from both Puritan and Roman Catholic accusations, as well as the materialism of Thomas Hobbes.
Abraham Blauvelt (16??-1663?) was a Dutch privateer and explorer mapping much of Central America in the 1630s, after whom both the Bluefield River and the neighboring town of Bluefields, Nicaragua were named. One of the last of the Dutch corsairs of the mid 17th century, Abraham Blauvelt was first recorded exploring the coasts of present day Honduras and Nicaragua in service of the Dutch West India Company.
Prince Konstanty Jacek Lubomirski (1620–1663) was a Polish nobleman. Konstanty was owner of Jarosław estates. He was Krajczy of the Crown and Podczaszy of the Crown since 1658 and starost of Sącz. He died childless.
Andrew Cant (1590–1663) was a Presbyterian minister and leader of the Scottish Covenanters. About 1623 the people of Edinburgh called him to be their minister, but he was rejected by James I. Ten years later he was minister of Pitsligo in Aberdeenshire, a charge which he left in 1638 for that of Newbattle in Midlothian.