Geoffrey of Villehardouin (1160 – c. 1212) was a knight and historian who participated in and chronicled the Fourth Crusade. He is considered one of the most important historians of the time period, best known for writing the eyewitness account De la Conquête de Constantinople (On the Conquest of Constantinople), about the Crusader success on 13 April 1204. The Conquest is the earliest French historical prose narrative that has survived to modern times.
Sibylla of Jerusalem (c. 1160 – 1190) was the Countess of Jaffa and Ascalon from 1176 and Queen of Jerusalem from 1186 to 1190. She was the eldest daughter of Amalric I of Jerusalem and Agnes of Courtenay, sister of Baldwin IV and half-sister of Isabella of Jerusalem, and mother of Baldwin V of Jerusalem. Her grandmother Queen Melisende had provided an example of successful rule by a queen regnant earlier in the century.
Simon IV de Montfort, Seigneur de Montfort-l'Amaury, 5th Earl of Leicester (1160 – 25 June 1218), also known as Simon de Montfort the elder, was a French nobleman who took part in the Fourth Crusade (1202–1204) and was a prominent leader of the Albigensian Crusade. He died at the siege of Toulouse in 1218.
Mestwin I was a Duke of Pomerelia in the years 1207-1220. In the tables of Oliva, he is recorded as „pacificus“, the peaceful. His rule was under the Danish hegemony over the southern coast of the Baltic Sea which had been conquered by Valdemar II of Denmark. In In 1209, as Mestwin I. „dei gracia princeps in Gdanzk", he had founded a nun monastery and several villages between the rivers Radaune and Stolpe.
Abu al-Hassan Ali ibn Muhammad ibn Muhammad, better known as Ali 'Izz al-Din Ibn al-Athir al-Jazari (1160 – 1233) was an Arab Muslim historian born in Cizre, a town in present-day Şırnak province in south-eastern Turkey, from the Ibn Athir family. According to the 1911 Edition of Encyclopædia Britannica, he was born in Turkey Jazirat Ibn Umar . According to the Encyclopaedia of Islam.
John de Courcy (also John de Courci; 1160 – 1219) was a Anglo-Norman knight who arrived in Ireland in 1177. From then until his expulsion in 1204, he conquered a considerable territory, endowed religious establishments, built abbeys for both the Benedictines and the Cistercians and built strongholds at Dundrum Castle in County Down and Carrickfergus Castle in County Antrim.
Taira no Koremori (1160 – 1184?) was one of the Taira clan's commanders in the Genpei War of the late Heian period of Japanese history. He was the eldest son of Taira no Shigemori, who was the eldest son and heir of Taira no Kiyomori. In contrast to his father Shigemori, who was a brave warrior, Koremori grew up to be a young nobleman who loved poetry and music. He was defeated at the battle of Fujigawa in 1180, and again at the battle of Kurikara.
Taira no Noritsune (1160 – 1185) fought in the Genpei War battles of Mizushima, Ichi-no-Tani, and Dan-no-ura alongside his brethren in clan Taira. He is supposed to have died by drowning himself, at Dan-no-ura, while holding a Minamoto warrior under each arm. In the play, he is disguised as the priest 'Yokawa no Kakuhan', until he is forced to confess his true identity by Benkei.
Ida of Boulogne (c. 1160 – 1216), was Countess of Boulogne. She was the eldest daughter of Matthew of Alsace by Marie, Countess of Boulogne. Her maternal grandparents were King Stephen of England and Matilda I of Boulogne. Her mother had been placed in a convent, but was removed in order to marry Matthew. As a consequence, her parent's marriage was rather controversial and they finally divorced in 1170. Her father continued to rule until his death in 1173, when she succeeded.
John of Hexham (c. 1160 – 1209) was an English chronicler, known to us merely as the author of a work called the Historia XXV. annorum, which continues the Historia regum attributed to Symeon of Durham, and contains an account of English events from 1130 to 1153. From the title, as given in the only manuscript, we learn John's name and the fact that he was prior of Hexham.
David Kimhi (1160 – 1235), also known by the Hebrew acronym as the RaDaK (רד"ק), was a medieval rabbi, biblical commentator, philosopher, and grammarian. Born in Narbonne, Provence, he was the son of Rabbi Joseph Kimhi and the brother of Rabbi Moses Kimhi, both biblical commentators and grammarians. Works of the Kimhi family were underwritten by the Ibn Yahya family of Lisbon, Portugal. David Kimhi is best known today for his commentaries on the books of the Prophets.
Alys, Countess of the Vexin (4 October 1160 – c. 1220) was the daughter of King Louis VII of France and his second wife Constance of Castile. She is also known as Alaïs, Adélaïde, Adèle, Alais, or Alix, but is not to be confused with her half-sister Alix of France, the daughter of Louis by his first wife Eleanor of Aquitaine.
Azriel of Gerona, Azriel ben Menahem (Heb. עזריאל בן מנחם), (c.1160- c.1238), was one of the most important Jewish mystics in the Catalan town of Girona during the thirteenth century when it was an important center of the Kabbalah. He is the teacher of the most important figure from the kabbalist community of Girona, Nahmanides. Azriel was the most important student of the mystic Isaac the Blind.
Rabbi Yitzhak Saggi Nehor רַבִּי יִצְחַק סַגִּי נְהוֹר, also known as Isaac the Blind, (c. 1160-1235, Provence, France) has the Aramaic epithet "Saggi Nehor" meaning "of Much Light" in the sense of having excellent eyesight, an ironic euphemism for being blind. He was a famous writer on Kabbalah (Jewish mysticism). Some historians suspect him to be the author of the Book of the Bahir, an important early text of Kabbalah. Others (especially Gershom Scholem, see his Origins of the Kabbalah, p.
Abu Yusuf Ya'qub al-Mansur (c. 1160 – January 23, 1199) (also known as Moulay Yacoub), was the third Almohad Amir Succeeding his father, Abu Ya'qub Yusuf, Yakub al-Mansur reigned from 1184 to 1199 with distinction. During his tenure, trade, architecture, philosophy and the sciences flourished, to say nothing of military conquests.
Gace Brulé (c. 1160 – after 1213), French trouvère, was a native of Champagne. His name is simply a description of his Blazonry. He owned land in Groslière and had dealings with the Knights Templar, and received a gift from the future Louis VIII. These facts are known from documents from the time. The rest of his history has been extracted from his poetry.
Thomas of Chobham (also called Thomas Chobham or Thomas of Chabham), English theologian and subdean of Salisbury, was born c. 1160, presumably in Chobham, Surrey, England, and died between 1233 and 1236 in Salisbury, England. Thomas Chobham studied in Paris in the 1180s, likely under Peter the Chanter. He is best known for his influential work on penance which combines Canon law, theology, and practical advice for confessors. It is known by many titles, but its incipit is Cum miseratione domini.
Henry (Arricus or Arrico) (1160 – 1172) was the youngest and second surviving son of William I of Sicily by Margaret of Navarre. By his father's will he succeeded to the title Prince of Capua, an appanage to the throne, while his brother William succeeded to the throne. Henry's coronation as prince was postponed from the death of his father (1166). He was present with William at Taranto, where the young king awaited his Greek bride.
Sasaki Takatsuna (佐々木高綱) (1160 – 1214) was a Japanese samurai commander in the Genpei War, the great conflict between the Minamoto and Taira clans. An infant at the time of the Heiji Rebellion (1159-1160), Takatsuna was spared the destruction of his family several years later. He grew up with an aunt in Kyoto, and joined the forces of Minamoto no Yoritomo in 1180, when Yoritomo called for aid against the Taira.
Saint John of Matha was a Christian saint of the 12th century and founder of the Order of the Most Holy Trinity. He was born on 1154 at Faucon-de-Barcelonnette, France. As a youth, he was educated at Aix-en-Provence, and later studied theology at the University of Paris. While in Paris, he was urged by a vision during his first mass to dedicate his life to the service of the captive Christian slaves. He offered service to and was instructed by the hermit, St.
Raimon de Miraval(h) (c. 1135/1160 – c. 1220) was a troubadour (fl. 1180–1220) and, according to his vida, "a poor knight from Carcassonne who owned less than a quarter of the castle of Miraval. " Favoured by Raymond VI of Toulouse, he was also later associated with Peter II of Aragon and Alfonso VIII of Castile. His nom de plume was Audiart.
Konoe Motomichi (近衛 基通, 1160 – 1233) was a kugyo (high-ranking Japanese official) from the late Heian period to the early Kamakura period. His father was Motozane, the founder of Konoe family, and his mother was a daughter of Tadataka. Among his sons is Iezane. In 1179 Motomichi was promoted to Kampaku, regent, as a result of the coup led by Kiyomori, the father of his stepmother. In February of the following year he took the position of Sessho, regent-ship for Emperor Antoku.
Hartmann I (1160-1240) was the Count of Württemberg. Hartmann I and his brother Ludwig III both called themselves “Count of Württemberg”, at the time, so it is assumed that they administered the county together. Both were sons of Count Ludwig II. Hartmann accompanied Otto IV to Rome for his coronation as Holy Roman Emperor and served repeatedly as a witness in documents set up by the emperor in Italy.
Cadenet (c. 1160 – c. 1235) was a Provençal troubadour (trobador) who lived and wrote at the court of Raymond VI of Toulouse and eventually made a reputation in Spain. Of his twenty-five surviving songs, twenty-one (or twenty-three) are cansos, with one alba, one partimen, one pastorela, and one religious piece represented. One of his melodies survives. During his childhood Raymond V of Toulouse and Bertrand I of Forcalquier went to war over the Vaucluse.