Manuel I Komnenos, or Comnenus was a Byzantine Emperor of the 12th century who reigned over a crucial turning point in the history of Byzantium and the Mediterranean. Eager to restore his empire to its past glories as the superpower of the Mediterranean world, Manuel pursued an energetic and ambitious foreign policy.
Taira no Kiyomori was a general of the late Heian period of Japan. He established the first samurai-dominated administrative government in the history of Japan. After the death of his father Taira no Tadamori in 1153, Kiyomori assumed control of the Taira clan and ambitiously entered the political realm in which he had previously only held a minor post. In 1156, he and Minamoto no Yoshitomo, head of the Minamoto clan, suppressed the Hōgen Rebellion.
William de Warenne, 3rd Earl of Surrey (died 1148), was the eldest son of the William de Warenne, 2nd Earl of Surrey and Elizabeth de Vermandois. He was generally loyal to king Stephen. He fought at the Battle of Lincoln (1141), and was one of the leaders of the army that pursued the empress Matilda in her flight from Winchester, and which captured Robert of Gloucester.
Dom Gualdim Pais (1118 – 1195), Portuguese crusader, Templar Friar and Knight of Afonso I of Portugal, was the founder of the city of Tomar. Gualdim Pais was born in Amares (a town in the province of Minho, near Braga) in 1118, son of Paio Ramires and Gontrode Soares. He fought alongside King Afonso I against the moors, and was ordered a Knight by him in the year of 1139, after the Battle of Ourique.
Roger III (1118 – 2 or 12 May 1148) was the Norman duke of Apulia from 1135. He was the eldest son of King Roger II of Sicily and Elvira of Castile. Roger makes his first appearance in the chronicles at Melfi in 1129, jointly accepting with his father and his younger brother Tancred the fealty of the rebellious peninsular barons.
Dietrich I (Tidericus; born circa. 1118; died 9 February 1185) was the Margrave of Lusatia (Orientalis marchio) from 1156 until his death. He was the second surviving son of Conrad, Margrave of Meissen and Lusatia from the House of Wettin, from whom he inherited the latter territory including Eilenburg and Landsberg in 1156, while his elder brother Otto the Rich inherited Meissen. He married Dobroniega, daughter of the Polish Duke Bolesław III Wrymouth.