Atari is a corporate and brand name owned by several entities since its inception in 1972. It is currently owned by Atari Interactive, a wholly owned subsidiary of the French publisher Atari SA (ASA). The original Atari Inc. was founded in 1972 by Nolan Bushnell and Ted Dabney. It was a pioneer in arcade games, home video game consoles, and home computers. The company's products, such as Pong and the Atari 2600, helped define the computer entertainment industry from the 1970s to the mid 1980s.
Blizzard Entertainment, Inc. is an American video game developer and publisher founded in February 1991 under the name Silicon & Synapse by three graduates of UCLA, Michael Morhaime, Allen Adham and Frank Pearce. Based in Irvine, California, the company originally concentrated primarily on the creation of game ports for other studios before beginning development of their own software in 1993 with the development of games like Rock N' Roll Racing and The Lost Vikings.
Capcom Co. , Ltd. is an international developer and publisher of video games headquartered in Osaka, Japan. It was founded in 1979 as Japan Capsule Computers, a company devoted to the manufacturing and distribution of electronic game machines. In the 12 months ended March 31, 2009, it has reported an increase in sales of 10.6 percent to 91,878 million yen ($924 million/£615 million), while net income rose 3.3 percent to 8,063 million yen ($81.1 million/£53.4 million).
id Software is an American video game development company from Mesquite, Texas. The company was founded in 1991 by four members of the computer company Softdisk: programmers John Carmack and John Romero, game designer Tom Hall, and artist Adrian Carmack (no relation to John Carmack). It was considered the most influential of the many game development companies in the Dallas area, known as the Dallas Gaming Mafia. On June 24, 2009 ZeniMax Media acquired the company.
Lionhead Studios (also known as Microsoft Game Studios Europe) is a British computer game development company led by industry veteran Peter Molyneux, and acquired by Microsoft Game Studios in April 2006. Lionhead started as a breakaway from the developer Bullfrog, which was also founded by Molyneux. Lionhead's first game was Black & White, a god game with elements of artificial life, strategy, and beat 'em up games. Black & White was published by Electronic Arts in 2001.
LucasArts Entertainment Company LLC is an American video game developer and publisher. The company was famous for its innovative line of graphic adventure games, the critical and commercial success of which peaked in the mid 1990s. Today, it publishes games primarily based on the Star Wars franchise.
Maxis Software is an American company founded as an independent video game developer in 1987. It is currently a subsidiary of Electronic Arts (EA). Maxis is the creator of the best-selling computer game of all time, The Sims and its sequels The Sims 2 and The Sims 3. These titles and their related products are the brand's most popular and successful lines. Most Maxis titles are simulation-based, though none are considered traditional simulations.
Nintendo Co. , Ltd. is a multinational corporation located in Kyoto, Japan. Founded on September 23, 1889 by Fusajiro Yamauchi, it produced handmade hanafuda cards. By 1963, the company had tried several small niche businesses, such as a cab company and a love hotel. Nintendo soon developed into a video game company, becoming one of the most influential in the industry and Japan's third most valuable listed company, with a market value of over US$85 billion.
Raven Software is an American video game developer. The company was founded in 1990 by brothers Brian and Steve Raffel. In 1997, Raven made an exclusive publishing deal with Activision and was subsequently acquired by them. Raven has a history of working with id Software: After using id's engines for many of their games (from Heretic in 1994), they took over development of id's Quake franchise for Quake 4 and the last iteration of id's Wolfenstein series. They recently had a massive layoff.
Sonic Team is a Japanese computer and video game developer established in Ota, Tokyo, Japan in 1990, originally known as Sega AM8. The Japan-based division is also known as G.E. Department Global Entertainment. The studio has collaborated with several In-House Japanese studios as well as all other American studios such as STI and Visual Concepts.
Sega Corporation is a Japanese multinational video game software and hardware development company, and a home computer and console manufacturer headquartered in Ōta, Tokyo, Japan. The company had success with both arcades and home consoles, but on January 31, 2001, officially left the consumer console business and began concentrating on software development for multiple third-party platforms.. Sega Australia's headquarters are located in Sydney, New South Wales.
Square Co. , Ltd. was a Japanese video game company founded in September 1983 by Masafumi Miyamoto. It merged with Enix in 2003 and became part of Square Enix. Squaresoft was also a brand name used by Square between 1992 and 2003. As such, the name is often used (incorrectly) to refer to the entire organization, but the Japanese corporate name remained Square Co. , Ltd. until the Enix merger.
The Taito Corporation is a Japanese developer of video game software and arcade hardware wholly owned by publisher Square Enix. Taito Trading Company was established by a Russian Jewish businessman named Michael Kogan. Taito also imports and distributes American coin-op video games in Japan, as well as their own games all around the world. Taito Corporation was acquired by Square Enix in 2005.
The 3DO Company (formerly THDO on the NASDAQ stock exchange), also known as 3DO, was a video game company. It was founded in 1991 under the name SMSG, Inc. (for San Mateo Software Group) by Electronic Arts co-founder Trip Hawkins in a partnership with seven other companies, including LG, Matsushita, AT&T, MCA, Time Warner, and Electronic Arts.
Ritual Entertainment was a computer game software developer established in 1996 and based in Dallas, Texas. It was formerly known as Hipnotic Interactive, during which period they began development of their signature computer game SiN. Members of the Ritual development team have contributed game assets to other titles such as 25 to Life and American McGee's Alice, and are also the creators of "Übertools" for id Tech 3, which has been licensed for a number of other games.
Bungie is an American video game developer currently based in Washington State. The company was founded in May 1991 by University of Chicago undergraduate students Alex Seropian, who later brought in programmer Jason Jones. Originally based in Chicago, Illinois, the company concentrated primarily on Macintosh games during its early years, producing the popular Marathon and Myth series; a West Coast studio produced the video game console title Oni.
Activision (ATVI) is an American video game developer and publisher, majority owned by French conglomerate Vivendi SA. It was founded on October 1, 1979 and was the first independent developer and distributor of video games for gaming consoles. Its first products were cartridges for the Atari 2600 video console system. Activision is now one of the largest video game publishers in the world and was also the top publisher for 2007 in the United States.
Wangame Studios is a Chinese video game development company that focuses on artificial intelligence. 烽火英雄傳 is a historical RPG game based on events in the Chinese Northern Wei Dynasty. Invasions, political upheaval and social turmoil were setting the stage for a Northern Wei military officer Han Yi to restore his country to peace in this era of bloodshed.
Sierra Entertainment, Inc. (formerly Sierra On-Line) was an American video game developer and publisher founded in 1979 as On-Line Systems by Ken and Roberta Williams. Based in Los Angeles, California, the company was last owned by Activision, a subsidiary of Activision Blizzard. Sierra is best known today for its multiple lines of seminal graphic adventure games started in the 1980s, some of which proved influential in the history of video games.
Valve Corporation is an American video game development and digital distribution company based in Bellevue, Washington, USA that was founded in 1996, and made famous by its first product, Half-Life, which was released in November 1998.
Turbine, Inc. (formerly Turbine Entertainment Software, Second Nature, and originally CyberSpace, Inc. ) is an American computer game developer that pioneered 3D massively multiplayer role-playing games (MMORPGs). Turbine was founded by Johnny Monsarrat, Jeremy Gaffney, Kevin Langevin, and Timothy Miller. In April 2007, Turbine released their most recent MMORPG, The Lord of the Rings Online which is being co-published with Midway Games in the USA and Codemasters in Europe.
BioWare is a former Canadian electronic entertainment company founded in February 1995 by Ray Muzyka, Greg Zeschuk, and Augustine Yip. Prior to acquisition by Electronic Arts in 2008, it was based in Edmonton, Alberta, Canada, and it still has a development studio based there, BioWare Edmonton.
Bethesda Softworks, LLC, a ZeniMax Media Company, is a developer and publisher of video games. The company was originally based in Bethesda, Maryland and eventually moved to their current location in Rockville, Maryland. With a broad panoply of games in role-playing, racing, simulation, and sports, Bethesda Softworks' major franchises are distributed worldwide.
Funcom Productions A/S is a Norwegian video game developer specializing in online games. It is best known for the Massively Multiplayer Online Roleplaying Game (MMORPG) titles Age of Conan, Anarchy Online, and its The Longest Journey series of adventure games. In addition to their Oslo headquarters, Funcom has offices in the United States, China, Switzerland, and Canada.