Rudolf Maister Vojanov (29 March 1874 – 26 July 1934) was a Slovene military officer, poet and political activist. The soldiers who fought under Maister's command in northern Slovenia became known as "Maister's fighters". Maister was also an accomplished poet and self-taught painter. Maister was born in the Upper Carniolan commercial town of Kamnik, then part of Austria-Hungary. During World War I, he served as a major in the Austro-Hungarian Army.