Hirohito, also known as The Shōwa Emperor, (April 29, 1901 – January 7, 1989) was the 124th Emperor of Japan according to the traditional order, reigning from December 25, 1926, until his death in 1989. Although better known outside of Japan by his personal name Hirohito, he is now referred to exclusively by his posthumous name Emperor Shōwa in Japan. The word Shōwa is the name of the era that corresponded with the Emperor's reign, and was made the Emperor's own name upon his death.
The Shōwa period (昭和時代, Shōwa jidai, literally "period of enlightened peace"), or Shōwa era, is the period of Japanese history corresponding to the reign of Emperor Shōwa, from December 25, 1926 to January 7, 1989. The Shōwa period was the longest reign of all the previous Japanese emperors. Early during this era, Japan descended into political totalitarianism, ultranationalism and fascism culminating in Japan's invasion of China in 1937.